Terah was Abraham's father. Terah and his family had come from the East to the city of Ur, which today lies in Iraq. It was a land with lots of water. Water is needed for a civilization to exist. It was from Abraham that the father of the Arabs, Ishmael, and the father of the Jews, Isaac, came from as they were Abraham's sons and play a very important role in our history.
ARAM-NAHARAIM. Aram in the Bible meant Syria.. This meant, Aram of the 2 Rivers. It is the biblical name of this region.
Descendants of Serug
. 2 Nahor I
..... 3 Terah b: in Ur of Chaldees, Sumeria, Mesopotamia Iraq d: in Haran
......... 4  Abram-Abraham b: d: in Hebron
............. +Sarai-Sarah b: d: in Hebron
......... *Friend of  Abram-Abraham:
......... *2nd Wife of  Abram-Abraham:
......... 4 Haran b:
......... 4  NAHOR II b in Ur of Chaldees d: in Haran
............. +Milcah b: in Ur of Chaldees d: in Haran
......... *Friend of  NAHOR II:
Nearly all the names of the ancestors of Abraham, such as Serug, Nahor, Terah, correspond to place-names in this region. According to the picture above, Ur rested on the Euphrates River almost at the mouth from the Persian Gulf where the 2 rivers emptied.
The kings of Aram never succeeded in creating a homogeneous state.
Ur? They were Arameans of Aram. They were a group of Semitic tribes who had invaded the Fertile Crescent in the 2nd half of the 2nd millennium BCE- about 4,000 BCE. They roamed between the Persian Gulf and the Amanus Mountains.
At the end of the 11th century BCE, Assyria (in Western Asia with Semitic people who were most aggressive in 20th century BCE and expanded in 13th and 10th centuries BCE) was threatened with invasion by Aramean tribes, and only at the end of the 10th century did she finally succeed in stopping the danger. On and off wars with these powers was a constant danger of the 9th and 8th centuries BCE.
The successes of Kings David and Solomon against the Aramean states in Mesopotamia and Syria contributed to Assyria's recovery.
In 743-742 BCE, the Aramean states in Syria were overthrown and turned into Assyrian dependencies. When the people rebelled, they were punished by deportation of the people to distant countries.
The Aramaic language was spread among the peoples in whose midst the Arameans lived beside or with and became the current language throughout Western Asia. Aramaic is closer to Hebrew than any other Semitic language. It became an international language for commerce from the late Assyrian and Persian kingdoms of 6th century BCE. The proof are the many inscriptions found in Asia Minor, Egypt, India and other places where it was never the native language. It was for many centuries the Palestinian vernacular. Biblical readings were translated into Aramaic in the synagogues for people who did not understand Hebrew.
|Hadad, stone idol of main god found in Palace at Tell Halaf, Syria|
Aram-Dammesek was the most important Aramean kingdom in Syria in the 10th to 8th centuries BCE. It was named after its capital, DAMASCUS (in Hebrew-Dammesek). When Solomon's kingdom was divided into Israel and Judah at the time of his death in 920 BCE, Aram-Dammesek was a constant danger to Israel which it often exploited in its disagreements with Judah.
In 738 BCE, Aram-Dammesek became allies with Israel against Assyria. During the next campaign led by Tiglath-Pileser in 733 to 732 BCE, the country of Aram-Dammesek was plundered and its population was exiled and its existence as an independent state ended.
Aram-Zobah was an Aramean kingdom in southern Syria. In the 10th century BCE, Hadadezer, king of Aram-Zobah, created a political and military alliance with other Aramean kingdoms to check on Israel's expansion. Doesn't it sound a little like today's history?
King David inflicted 3 severe defeats on Aram-Zobah after which it disappeared from the biblical record.
During the Middle Ages, the name, Aram-Zobah, was applied in Hebrew to Aleppo, Syria, which wound up with the largest Jewish population in Syria with Damascus as 2nd largest. Almost all Jews have left Syria today.
Resource: The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia
http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/ch03.htm on Sargon
http://www.tektonics.org/copycat/sargon.php Sargon and Moses