Sunday, March 19, 2017

Spying on Jews! You'd never Guess Who?

Major spy of Jews: The British  Jack Philby.Harry St John Bridger PhilbyCIE (3 April 1885 – 30 September 1960), also known as Jack Philby or Sheikh Abdullah (الشيخ عبدالله), was a British Arabist, adviser, explorer, writer, and colonial office intelligence officer. Below are his contacts in the article.  
Nadene Goldfoot                                        
James Addison Baker III
April 28, 1930 (age 86)
James Baker was anti-Israeli.  He sent arms and money secretly to appease Jew-hating dictators;  and he was surprised when the dictators declared war on Israel.  Saddam Hussein, Iraq and Hafez Assad of Syria were copycats of Hitler against Jews.  Baker was being a copycat of Secretary of State John Foster Dulles who did similar things towards Israel.  He served as White House Chief of Staff and United States Secretary of the Treasury under President Ronald Reagan, and as U.S. Secretary of State and White House Chief of Staff under President George H. W. Bush. As Secretary of State, he helped oversee U.S. foreign policy during the end of the Cold War and dissolution of the Soviet Union, as well as during the Gulf War.
Some of the most important people in our American government have not liked us Jews.  The Honorable James Baker, Secretary of State in 1992 said, "Fuck the Jews...they won't vote for us anyway."   He worked under George Walker Bush, President from 2001 to 2009.  After him was President Obama from 2009 to 2016, a president decidedly seeing Jews in an unfavorable light, as shown distinctively in the few weeks before his term was up by his UN dealings with Israel.  Jews traditionally voted Democratic and still do. The majority were small businessmen and my father told me that the difference between the two was that the Democrats were helpful to the small businessman and the Republicans were for corporate businesses.  He was a 1st generation American Jew.  Roosevelt, Democratic President from 1933 to 1945  had been looked upon as a savior of Jews.  The Holocaust lasted from about 1939 to 1945.    About 40%  of Jews, who were about 2% of the American population,  were voting for Republicans in 2001.

Spying on Jews started in the 20's as described in two former spies' book, The Secret War Against the Jews. We have known all along that all countries spy on each other, but since when do they pick one religious group and spy on them?  The USA has done it to the Jews.

John Loftus, former prosecutor with the US Justice Dept's Nazi-hunting unit who was able to get into CIA and NATO archives,  and Mark Aarons, who exposed Nazi war criminals in Australia, an investigative reporter,  call the period from 1920 to 1947 The Age of Bigotry, and indeed it was.  There was lots of anti-Semitism going on then.  My mother-in-law, Brooklyn born, told me of how hard it was for Jews to get jobs in New York and of her personal ordeal.  I already knew about the quota system put on Jews for getting into Medical school.  No matter how high your score was , if the quota of Jews was filled, you didn't get it.  The book, "The Arabists" by Robert Kaplan tells how anti-Semitism was an accepted part of everyday life for the American establishment.  The State Departments had many bigots on its payroll.  They referred to us as :the oily Jews in official diplomatic reports in the USA and Britain.
The Brits also did their share of spying on the Jews as well, and were even better at it.  Harry St. John Bridger Philby  known as Jack and his Communist double-agent son, Harold Adrian Russell Philby, known as Kim, were spies.   A close friend was Allen Dulles.  Jack became a M16 British secret service spy and had been picked out of his civil service job because of his sexual misconduct.
Abdulaziz ibn Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki ibn Abdullah ibn Muhammad Al Saud, usually known within the Arab world as Abdulaziz and in the West as Ibn Saud, was the first monarch and founder of Saudi Arabia, the "third Saudi state".
Jack Philby  wound up in what is now Saudi Arabia and was best friends with a fanatical Arab sect led by Ibn Saud.  He wound up passing  Ibn Saud intelligence information that helped them to have a military victory against other Arab leaders who were supported by the British government.  You see, the Brits were in the Middle East long before the Americans by  their holding the mandate over Palestine for 30 years and favoring the Arabs.  Jack Philby was a friend of Lawrence of Arabia.
Allen Welsh Dulles was an American diplomat and lawyer who became the first civilian Director of Central Intelligence and its longest-serving director to date.  He served under Eisenhower and Kennedy from 53 to 61.
Ibn Saud, Jack Philby and Allen Dulles worked behind the scenes to put Hitler onto the world stage and managed to fuel the Nazi war machine in the 1930s.   They were the very ones who sabotaged the Jews' last best hope of an escape route to Palestine.  Somehow, they have escaped the judgment of history by playing behind the scenes as spies, for they managed the source of oil, wealth and international influence working behind the scenes.

Jack had recruited Allen Dulles in the 1920 as his agent to influence American policy against the Jewish homeland and then as his secret partner in the development of Saudi Arabian oil.  Money speaks.  People become greedy.  Jack kept Ibn Saud politically solvent with Dulles's help by creating a partnership with American oil companies, allied against British interests, in favor of Nazi Germany.  Jack sabotaged international efforts to create the Jewish Homeland with Nazi intelligence.  Jack was made the secret service's head of intelligence for Transjordan where he met Allen Dulles who was stationed in Istanbul.  Dulles ran networks across the Middle East and had obtained much information on the potential wealth of Arabia and the potential sticking point of Zionist aspirations.
John Foster Dulles , brother of Allen Dulles, served as U.S. Secretary of State under Republican President Dwight D. Eisenhower from 1953 to 1959. He was a significant figure in the early Cold War era, advocating an aggressive stance against Communism throughout the world.
They spied on the Zionists with American partners in crime, the Dulles brothers, Allen and John Foster, who were two of the most powerful men in the world.  Their mother's brother was Secretary of State, Robert Lansing, founder of the State Department's first CIA.  John became Sec. of State and brother Allen became head of the CIA during Eisenhower's administration.   

The Dulles duo spied on the New York financial district, several floors of Rockefeller Plaza, part of the RCA Building, 2 prominent clubs, and various shipping firms.  The wiretaps were crude;  microphones linked by hard wire to a machine that cut phonograph records.   The coverage was spotty because of staff limits and the early technology, but the results justified the effort.  They were responsible, reported to Sir William Stephenson, a Canadian electronics genius known as "Intrepid."  He sat in the Rockefeller building.  Actually, his job was to find companies aiding the Nazis, which was a good thing.  This leaked information was sent to FBI director J. Edgar Hoover who took no aggressive action.

Roosevelt was using the British wiretap team to dig up dirt on his political opponents.  Before the 1940 election, the Nazi (3rd Reich) tried to intervene in American politics by giving 7 US senators and 13 congressmen campaign contributions.   Most of the isolationist wing of Congress was bought and paid for by Berlin. 

 Senator Burton Wheeler from Montana  sent Nazi propaganda by mail using his privileges.  At the time, the Nazis had more money than sense if they thought Wheeler could win a national election.

It's a pretty big shock to find that the information put out to the general public about the Dulles brothers leaves out so much about them now exposed.  George Orwell said, "Omission is the most powerful form of lie, and it is the duty of historians to ensure that omissions do not creep into the history books."  

This happened under the Republicans, the political party we are now depending on to do the most for Jews and Israel.  Yet we have seen a remarkable increase in  active overt anti-Semitic acts against Jews lately harming their cemeteries and community centers.  This has been blamed on present president Donald Trump, a Republican, even though his daughter and grandchildren are Jewish as well as his son-in-law who he likes and respects very much.  Trump was brought up as a Presbyterian.  However he may have felt about Jews in his youth, his daughter has developed his understanding for the Jews today, since she fell in love with a Jewish man who also finds favor in Donald's eyes as much, too.  As a Jew, I feel very comfortable with Donald Trump standing up for the Jews of the USA and of Israel.  His major talent has been honed to be a negotiator, so let's see if he can do the impossible;  bring the Palestinians around to favoring life instead of death and peace instead of war.  Now this includes the insufferable Hamas as well as Fatah; known terrorists.

The FBI were doing surveillance on Jews during what we now call the McCarthy era.  American Jews were placed in the basket along with Communists to spy on.  (p. 187). Before Pearl Harbor of Dec. 7, 1941, Herbert Hoover was busy chasing "Irish Jews" and Jewish communists but had turned a blind eye toward the American Nazi sympathizers.  He didn't like to ask any Jews for help, of course.  Any Jewish informants he had were also spied on.  Ha!  Hoover figured that all Zionists were potential Communists terrorists.  Anyone who supported Zionism or sent money to Palestine Jews was either a Communist or a terrorist to him or both.  If any Jew emigrated to Palestine at this time, he labeled them a Soviet agent in disguise.
James Vincent Forrestal was the last Cabinet-level United States Secretary of the Navy and the first United States Secretary of Defense.   Forrestal was a supporter of naval battle groups centered on aircraft carriers. 
This is the sort of anti-Semitism put out by James Forrestal, Defense Secretary.  He had been continuing a wiretap link on Jews between the FBI and British intelligence behind President Truman's back!  Truman had ordered it shut down on Sept. 28, 1945 when he issued an executive order abolishing the Office of the Censor that stopped the interception of American telegraph cables, but they were continually intercepted anyway, and now sent to Forrestal's Army Security Agency which continued the bugging under the code name, "Operation Shamrock."  No one knew if they were legal from 1945 through 1946, so finally Forrestal called in  the officials of companies asking them to continue as this had wide national security needs.

Loftus and Aarons wrote their book showing the betrayal of Israel.  Moslem crimes against minorities almost never make the press but are now.   CNN did one this morning on a Muslim minority attacked by ISIS.  Americans have had 7 recent scandals;  Watergate, debategate, Irangate, Contragate, Iraqgate, savings and loans scandal and Hillarygate.   Our Western media succeeded in only one investigation.  The press finally got to Nixon because someone in the intelligence community spoon-fed them the story.  They couldn't  go out and find it themselves.

They conclude that the American press hasn't been able to commit sufficient resources to develop its own expertise in intelligence matters and have simply abandoned any pretense of long-term investigations.  Dan Rather said to a group of broadcasters, "We should all be ashamed."  

Today all we hear about is the spying on the Trump Tower by Obama that Trump believes has happened.  It's not so outlandish.  We've been spied upon.  I'm on my 4th book by Daniel Silva about an Israeli spy named  Gabriel Allon who is the hero.  In it I'm learning much about what spies are capable of doing very secretly.  It's called "Portrait of a Spy."  The 3rd book was called " The Rembrandt Affair, also telling about spy capabilities.  A lot is done with things connected to computers, and planting minuscule things.  That's why they meet in parks, so they can talk without being heard.

We know that facebook is quite the spy.  They know from what we type what we will buy.  We common folk have no idea who or what could be spying on Trump, but he has an idea.  We learn that on the surface, Britain and the USA and others have professed to be ardent allies of Israel, but through their intelligence services have betrayed Israel's secrets to the Arabs with the motivation of oil and multinational profits which must be had at any price through international covert policies.  If they have had this practice on the Jews, they might do it on--say ---a president they do not respect.

 If the FBI or the CIA say, "NADA has spied on the president", well, with our history, who knows?  Have we vetted our own people lately?  We cannot forget the mistakes of Hillary and the findings on her computers.  It's these things that cost Hillary her position, not Russia trying to get us all to vote for Trump.  We who did,  did it without Russia's help.  Hillary's actions, and especially Obama's  did it for us.  Trump used his business sense.  He played to the electoral votes.  He's a ham actor at heart, and it worked.  That's why he thinks of himself as a "winner."  He plays to win.

It took me over a year to read The Secret War Against the Jews.  I could only take so much at a time and had to leave room to cry a lot over what our country did to us.  That's why I trust little today. Just like, you can't trust a book by its cover, I now see that anything can be possible. Many people walking around are wolves in sheep's clothing.  They are spies for their own profits.

Resource:  John Loftus and Mark Aarons, "The Secret War Against the Jews"

Tuesday, March 14, 2017

Israel Update: In the Center of Constant Danger From 8 Groups

Nadene Goldfoot                                            
Israel is in the center of a storm; surrounded by Arab nations plus Iran-all bent on taking her land and destroying her people.  All the while, the rest of this planet has learned pretty much to live in peace and with the art of negotiating with each other, all except Russia, that is, the largest one of all who thinks that Ukraine actually belongs to their union and just got it back; that's all.  Of course.  It's as if California ceded from our union of 50 states and we just went down with a little muscle and returned her to where she belongs, retrieving her after her moment of insanity.  On the whole, life is better than the Middle Ages, but tell that to IS, who thinks they still are, fighting not only with modern weapons but close up work is done with swords in cutting off heads.
Israel is only 8,000 sq miles big and these countries outnumber her by 650 to 1 in size.  Within this little state lives 7.7 million people of which 6 million are Jews, so are outnumbered by 56 to 1 in population.
Jerusalem United since 1967 
IS has brought instability to the region and so we see Russia, the USA and others coming to the rescue and fighting against them.  Israel banks on the USA for security assistance in case they need it, and so far have been fighting the fight alone, with the help of arms from their big brother.  The USA, our only friend is more important than ever before.  Look at what they are facing.

From Judea and Samaria (West Bank) we see the Arab leaders raising tensions and are spurring a rise in terrorist attacks which they have always done sporadically .  First Arafat was their leader, the old PLO chairman, and now Abbas has taken his place, age 82.  They are still PLO's at heart, ready to return to terrorism with the right words from Hamas.  In the meantime, Hamas and Fatah struggle against each other for leadership of both in a future Palestine State.  Judea and Samara are on Israel's eastern border.
Hamas rocket ranges can hit Tiberias in 3-5 minutes,
Tel Aviv in about 30 seconds, Ashkelon in 6-10 seconds
and Sderot-on the border, without warning.  
Gaza,   since putting in Hamas terrorists for their leadership, continue to attack Southern Israel.   The problem is that they continue to get more assistance from the other Arabs and now, Iran. Hamas is actively rebuilding its terror infrastructure and are stockpiling more advanced rockets and building new tunnels into Israel.  Gaza is on Israel's western border

Iran gets their their assistance from the Russians, but has enough of their own money now to carry out their threats to destroy Israel.  Their damage so far is to foment chaos throughout the Middle Est inciting civil strife and destruction in the other nations. of Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Yemen and Bahrain.  The terrorists attempting to get into Israel are actually their proxies.

Jordan, a pro-Western monarchy, is being challenged by IS, the Islamic extremists.  Jordan is suffering from economic strains from the flood of Syrian refugees that are living there.  They have always joined their Arab neighbors in attacking Israel, but have signed a peace pact .  Jordan is on Israel's eastern border.

Egypt's Sinai Peninsula, the area Israel took in 1967 and gave back in the peace process, has become lawless, with militant Islamists growing in power.  they are waging an insurgency against the Egyptian government and threatening attacks on Israel at the same time.  Sinai is on Israel's southern border.
Rockets from Syria and Lebanon aimed at Israel
Shot by Hezbollah, they can reach Safed in 10 seconds in northern Israel,
Haifa in 25 seconds, Netanya in 50+ seconds, Tel Aviv and Ramallah in 75 seconds,
Beersheba in 120 seconds
Lebanon is on Israel's border.  The state most friendly when there was a Christian president and Major Hadad of the Christian Militia, it's now in the hands of Hezbollah which is backed by Iran.  Hezbollah, a terrorist group, have more than 150,000 rockets, many of which are capable of striking any location in Israel.  Their rockets can reach large population centers.

Syria is on Israel's border in one small spot.   In the Bible days, people wandered back and forth from Syria to Israel without harm.  Here are Islamist radical groups affiliated with al Qaeda AND the Islamic State (IS).  These terrorists have taken over large swatches of Syrian territory already.  Assad, the president, is hanging in there in Damascus, probably the only city not harmed by bombing by his forces and these other forces while Russia has been bombing indiscriminately as can happen, even hitting a hospital, something the USA had also done in Pakistan, so I'm told.  War is hell.  People are killed; cities are destroyed, animals go hungry and die painfully.  To top it off, the Middle East is one of the hottest areas on the planet, so all this that happens is done with lots and lots of sweating.
Update: 3/17/17 Syria lobbed a missile at Israeli jets; one landed outside Jerusalem after jets attacked Hezbollah in Syria.

Iraq has now become THE ISLAMIC STATE.  It is dedicated to murdering all those who disagree with their views of Islam.  They are holding much territory and resources.
IS is a threat to all the states that are enemies of Israel.  Aleppo, Syria has been destroyed because of them.  Saudi Arabia has conferred with Israel in thinking of  the proverb  of;  "the enemy of my enemy is my friend" or one can say, "my enemy's enemy is my friend."   Saudi Arabia was quite the instigator before IS, being the most religious center.  They wouldn't even allow a Jew to put one step on their sand.  It's Saudi Arabia's citizens who caused 9/11 in New York in 2001-an attack on the USA of the greatest magnitude killing over 2,000 innocent civilian people.
Jerusalem-3 major religions represented: Judaism, Christianity and Islam
IS does not have the Levant, which includes Israel, Jordan and Egypt.  I notice that the makers of the map above did now show the capital of Israel being Jerusalem with a star.  Though Jerusalem as always been the capital of Israel, both in Biblical days and since 1948, officially the whole city of Jerusalem came back to Israel after fighting the 1967 War.  To Israel, it is certainly their capital. Even Israel was slow to declare it their capital to the world.  "In 1980, the Knesset declared that "Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel," but this law was declared null by the U.N."  Of course-they are always against Israel.   The Knesset is there, but the rest of this planet is afraid to admit it, and keep their centers in Tel Aviv on the sea for fear of angering the Arabs.   This is the 50th year that Jerusalem has been the capital and that Jerusalem was united by Israel.  It's really a Jubilee Year.  Even Jordan is still busy trying to disprove that Jews ever inhabited any part of "Palestine-the Roman renaming.."

Resource: AIPAC
Book: Messages From A Syrian Jew Trapped in Egypt-describes refugee camps in Syria and Jordan.

Monday, March 13, 2017

Jews of Sicily

Nadene Goldfoot                                    
We think of Sicily being just part of Italy and their history, but it is an island very close to Italy and was formerly an independent kingdom.  Remains of archeology and literature show that Jews lived in Sicily in the Roman days, perhaps as early as the 1st century BCE.  

Italians could have some Jewish genes.  "Jews were the only ones to migrate to Sicily instead of invading. Nobody knows exactly when they came but they were here before the Moors invaded."   
Pope Gregory I, born in 540 in Rome  who protected the Jews, shows an active settlement of Jews in Sicily  in the 6th century. " Gregory wrote of limiting the Jews from exceeding the rights granted to them under imperial law - particularly in relation to the ownership of Christian slaves."  Pope Gregory was going against many of the positions towards Jews taken at the 1st Constantine Conference. 

 "In Epistle 1.14, Pope Gregory expressly disapproved of the compulsory baptism of Jews.
June 591 : "Censure of Virgil, bishop of Arles, and Theodore, bishop of Marseille, for having baptized Jews by force. They are to desist.
"For it is necessary to gather those who are at odds with the Christian religion the unity of faith by meekness, by kindness, by admonishing, by persuading, lest these...should be repelled by threats and terrors. They ought, therefore, to come together to hear from you the Word of God in a kindly frame of mind, rather than stricken with dread, result of a harshness that goes beyond due limits."
It continued during the Arab occupation period fro the 9th to the 11th centuries as Mohammad had died in 632 and his proselytizers were quickly moving across land to spread Islam.  The Arabs left a profound impression on the language and culture of Sicilian Jewry.  

The Jews' high point of their prosperity under the Norman rulers.  In the later Middle Ages, Jews were thickly settled throughout Sicily, and number about 40,000.  In the 15th century, the head of the Jews was the Dienchelele, appointed by the king.
 From 1282, the island was ruled by the House of Aragon and closely influenced by Spanish ideas and event, that that by 1391, There was a devastating wave of massacres, and another in 1474.  The Spanish Inquisition was introduced in Sicily in 1479.  As part of the Aragonese territories, Sicily was included in the edict of expulsion from the Spanish dominions in 1492. (In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue).  "When the decree of banishment, dated March 31, 1492, reached Sicily, there were over 100,000 Jews living in the island in 52 different places." Most of the Jews exiled found their way to the Italian mainland and the Levant area of the Middle East that includes Palestine.  
By 1785, an unsuccessful attempt was made to attract Jewish settlers again to Sicily.

"Most of Sicily's Jews had been fabric dyers or merchants. Many owned small stores. At times Jews lent money or practiced medicine, but legislation occasionally restricted their activity in these fields. There are even a (very) few cases of Jews owning landed estates, but these were typically fiefs (smaller feudal properties) rather than counties or baronies, and actual farming was undertaken by Gentiles.

In Sicily the Jews who remained after 1493 and became Catholic (comparable to the conversos of Spain) were called neofiti (neophytes).  Today's Jewish population is insignificant.  

For those wondering if they bear Jewish roots and know they came from Sicily,  "it is not possible to simply consult a list of supposedly "Jewish" Sicilian surnames, without knowing anything about a family's history over several centuries, and instantly ascertain Jewish ancestry before 1493."  It's because of the strong Arab influence in naming.  "There's nothing more illogical than a statement by a Sicilian who cannot trace his family history to before 1800 swear that his patrilineal Catholic ancestors were "Jewish" until 1493." says the bestofsicily research.                                    

Here's where DNA testing comes in.  "Genetic genealogy is a growing field. Companies such as Family Tree DNA (in the US) can confirm a haplogroup and even identify a haplotype typical of Jews, such as the Cohen Modal Haplotype. It is presumed that in Sicily most Jewish families were in Y haplogroup J1 or J2. But so were most non-Jews descended from Greeks and Arabs, and many of them also have the Cohen Modal Haplotype.
The point to be made regarding genetic genealogy, useful as it is, is that in the great majority of cases it answers a few general questions but not too many specific ones. It should be pursued in combination with "traditional" documentary genealogy, not apart from it.
Without documentary research, even a "coincidence" cannot prove Jewish ancestry. For example, having an allegedly Jewish surname (that is non-Judaic onomastically) and testing positive for the Cohanim Modal Haplotype does not conclusively establish a Jewish link. The Cohen model is of the J1 haplogroup and J1's are also found in Arabs as well, being both came from Abraham as the Bible shows and DNA agrees.  

One Sicilian man, husband of a writer below in references, wrote,  "For Hubby, we got 81% Italian, a lot of “broadly southern European” and a little “broadly northern European” (this means they cannot work out exactly where it comes from), a little bit of Spanish and a little more French and German, about 4.4% Middle Eastern and North African, and about 1% west (sub-Saharan) African.  There are plenty of national and ethnic groups in the list of invaders which did not make an appearance in my husband, but which might be heavily concentrated in other Sicilians. Based on Sicilian people who have told me their DNA, the variety is immense. Some had as much as 24% Middle Eastern DNA in their report. Some were 20% German. One was nearly a quarter Greek."

"The personal names adopted by the Jews were often local in origin, or were Latinized Jewish names, as Angelo, Donato, Benedictus (= Baruch), Gauden (= Simḥah). The intimacy between the Jews and some of their Christian fellow citizens is shown, for instance, by the fact that in Castrogiovanni a Christian acted as godfather at the circumcision of a Jewish boy."

"The expulsions and conversions in the Kingdom of Naples (most of peninsular Italy south of Rome) were essentially complete by 1553. A greater residual presence of Judaic traditions was preserved in some isolated localities in Apulia, Calabria and Basilicata.
Sicily has scant archaeological traces of Judaism - no standing synagogues (except those over which churches were built) but a few inscriptions and the vestiges of two mikvahs (ritual baths), in Siracusa and Palermo."  This is from " Luigi Mendola is a historian based in Sicily. and writer of bestofsicily website.  
Brunetto and Dante
Let's take Brunetto Latini, a name found also as a surname in Sicily.    Did he have Jewish roots?   "Brunetto (c. 1220 - 1294) was a prominent guelph (The name Guelph comes from the Italian Guelfo and the Bavarian-Germanic Welf. It is a reference to the reigning British monarch at the time Guelph was founded, King George IV, whose family was from the House of Hanover, a younger branch of the House of Welf sometimes spelled as Guelf or Gwelf) who spent many years living in exile in Spain and France--where he composed his encyclopedic work, Trésor ("Treasure": Inf.15.119-20)--before returning to Florence, Italy in 1266 and assuming positions of great responsibility in the commune and region (notary, scribe, consul, prior).  He was "One of the most important figures in Dante's life and in the Divine Comedy, Brunetto Latini is featured among the sodomites in one of the central cantos of the Inferno.Although the poet imagines Brunetto in hell, Dante-character and Brunetto show great affection and respect for one another during their encounter in Inferno 15.   Was there any religious reason about Brunetto that Dante thought he would end up in hell? Did Dante suspect Brunetto of having Jewish roots?  

On, the implication is that Brunetto  was guilty of" denying and has blasphemed the deity.  "   Dante and Brunetto did show they liked each other, probably because both were poets.  

One needs to take an autosomal test at a DNA company to find out about one's roots and what people they would match today with some of the same genes found on our 23 chromosomes.  familyfinder is such a test at FTDNA. also is an autosomal test as well as 23&Me.  

I have found out that I have deep Italian ancestry through DNA and through DNA's triangulation work, found out for sure that I'm related to a very important Italian family;  the Kalonymus family of southern Italy.  I'm Ashkenazi and Italians would be Sephardim.  "  8% of my DNA comes from southern Europe from Spain to Italy to Greece.  3% came from the Middle East of Asia Minor.  I used FTDNA.  

Members of the Kalonymus family resettled in Mainz and Speyer, Germany.  These are cities that became Jewish centers and were some of the first attacked besides Worms by the Crusaders. "
The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia from Sicily

Saturday, March 4, 2017

Pashtos of Afghanistan and Pakistan and DNA

Nadene Goldfoot                                              
Tribal and religious leaders in
Southern Afghanistan
We have good reason to believe that some of these Pashtun tribes were descended from the Lost 10 Tribes of Israel, taken away by the Assyrians in 722-721 BCE, almost 3,000 years ago.  They believe this as well as the reference below shows.

I've met several Pashtos online in discussions about DNA.  My father's line is Q, which makes
up 5% of the Jewish male population of today,  and first was 
labeled as Q-M242, or Q1b1a, then with further testing now is called QBZ67.  One of his
matches with the 1st test  was a Pashto.  I then figured we had a connection through DNA.  
Charles Goldfoot, brother
also Q  (M-242)/Q1b1a
Maurice Goldfoot,
fighting under "Billy Meshke"
of Q1b1a (Y haplogroup) DNA

updated to: QBZ67

 My father is related by DNA with about 16% of the Pashtuns!  This shows we were connected most likely before 721 BCE when the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel were taken by force by the Assyrians.


My father's line 
would start in Germany after leaving Jerusalem in 70CE with the Romans destroying everything. 
At one point they received the surname of Goldfus.  
From there they finally ended up in Lithuania at least by the 1800s CE.  

"Some anthropologists lend credence to the oral traditions of the Pashtun tribes themselves. For example, according to the Encyclopaedia of Islam, the theory of Pashtun descent from Israelites is traced to Nimat Allah al-Harawi, who compiled a history for Khan-e-Jehan Lodhi in the reign of Mughal Emperor Jehangir in the 17th century. The 13th century Tabaqat-i Nasiri discusses the settlement of immigrant Bani Israel at the end of the 8th century CE in the Ghor region of Afghanistan, settlement attested by Jewish inscriptions in Ghor. Historian André Wink suggests that the story "may contain a clue to the remarkable theory of the Jewish origin of some of the Afghan tribes which is persistently advocated in the Persian-Afghan chronicles." 
Descendants of King of Israel Saul "Called Talut by Pashtuns" of Tribe of Benjamin

1   King of Israel Saul b: in abt 10000 BCE
. 2   [1] Michal the First, Daughter of Saul
..... +[2] King of Israel David b: in 1000 BCE Bethlehem
. *2nd Husband of [1] Michal the First, Daughter of Saul:
..... +Phalti
. 2   King at Mahanaim Eshbaal
. 2   Merab
..... +[2] King of Israel David b: in 1000 BCE Bethlehem
. 2   Jeremiahin /Pashtun

..... 3   Afghana /Pashtun, Commander in Chief

These references to Bani Israel agree with the commonly held view by Pashtuns that when the twelve tribes of Israel were dispersed, the tribe of Joseph, among other Hebrew tribes, settled in the Afghanistan region. This oral tradition is widespread among the Pashtun tribes. There have been many legends over the centuries of descent from the Ten Lost Tribes after groups converted to Christianity and Islam. Hence the tribal name Yusufzai in Pashto translates to the "son of Joseph". A similar story is told by many historians, including the 14th century Ibn Battuta and 16th century Ferishta."            
Descendants of Joseph

1   Joseph b: in Canaan, 18th-16th centuries BCE? Hyksos period (2500-1587 BCE)
.. +Asenath b: in Egypt
. 2   Manasseh b: in Egypt
. 2   Ephraim b: in Egypt
Pashtos visiting in Jerusalem
Here they are at the Western Wall.  Their family genealogy

is well kept.  They say they are descended from King Saul. 

 There are conflicting stories that could have to do with the fact that Babylonia came to Israel 
and took more people away in 597 and 596 BCE as well.  So some could have become slaves 
at different periods.                         
Imran Khan, politician and cricket star in Pakistan, a Pashto
belonging to the Niazi tribe

Pakistan:          30,699,037 Pashtuns in 2008, 2nd largest ethnic group

Afghanistan      13,750,117 Pashtuns in 2016

Total                  49 million in 2009
"The haplogroup R1a (Y-DNA) is found at a frequency of 51.02% among the Pashtun people. Paragroup Q-M242 (xMEH2, xM378) (of Haplogroup Q-M242 (Y-DNA)) was found at 16.3% in Pashtuns. Haplogroup Q-M242 is also found at a frequency of 18% in Pashtuns in the Afghan capital of Kabul.

After 3,000 years of separation, it is amazing that there is this connection.  Though I haven't found anyone yet that shares any actual chromosome segments of our DNA yet, we came from the very same branch.  I know there are several listed under my brother's Y haplogroup at FTDNA.  

The fact is that both Arabs and many Jews both carry the male Y haplogroup of J, J1c3d, or the Cohen gene, as Jews call it.  It also  shows that our Biblical history is accurate in saying that we both came from Abraham.  The story is that we came from Abraham's son, Isaac, his 2nd son by Sarah.  It was when Abraham and Sarah thought that she was barren that she gave permission for him to father her young Egyptian  handmaid, and so he took her as a wife and she bore Ishmael who became the father of the Arabs.  

As I understand it, they live in Pakistan in their own territory in tribes, and live in the same
area as their clans  which sounds like a reservation similar to our Native Americans do in Oklahoma.  They follow their own well-developed culture with their own standards called Pashtunwali-a set of ethics, as well as being Sunni Muslims.  Many light candles on Friday night such as we Jews do.  There are other things that they do which caught the attention of Dr.  Shalva Weil of Hebrw University in Jerusalem,  who traveled to Pakistan and studied them, coming back feeling they were indeed people of our lost Ten Tribes.  "Prof. Shalva Weil is a Senior Researcher at The Research Institute for Innovation and Education at the Hebrew University. She focuses on Indian JewryEthiopian Jewry, and the Ten Lost Tribes and specializes in qualitative methods, violence, gender, ethnicity, education, religion, and migration.  She's a Social Anthropologist.  In 1991, she curated an exhibition at Beth Hatefutsoth: the Museum of the Jewish Diaspora on the Ten Lost Tribes entitled "Beyond the Sambatyon: the Myth of the Ten Lost Tribes."

Update: 3/7/17:  Yasmin Eliaz is a Master’s student in Political Science at Bar Ilan University. She specializes in Afghanistan and works as a research assistant at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Read other articles by Yasmin.

Lately, the police in Pakistan have been rousting them in their search for ISIS terrorists, causing much pain and grief.  One problem is that militants are hiding in Afghanistan with the purpose of fomenting violence inside Pakistan.  

Reference: ********** *****

Friday, March 3, 2017

Israel's 1949 To Contested May 14, 1967 Armistice Lines

Nadene Goldfoot                                              
1949 Armistice Lines 
Former President Barack Obama called on Israel to return to armistice lines drawn up in 1949 with Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Egypt.  These lines had not changed since 1949 by her 19th birthday on on May 14, 1967.  Within 3 weeks, everything would change:  the Six Day War.  What Obama wanted was for Israel's people to leave  their homes in all the cities and towns they were living in  of Judea and Samaria, their ancient homeland.  Impossible!  Even President Bill Clinton didn't expect that and it wasn't the deal made then.
Since her inception on May 14, 1948 when Israel announced she was a state, she was attacked within 5 minutes and was engaging in her War of Independence.  This had actually started on November 29, 1947 when Arabs attacked her, responding with much violence to the United Nations resolution on Palestine, and it lasted until the signing of the Armistice Agreements in 1949.  An armistice  is a temporary suspension of hostilities by agreement between the 2 sides; a truce.  That was a terrible time when Israel was invaded by the regular armies of Egypt, Transjordan, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon and a Saudi-Arabian contingent and  "contingents from Yemen, Morocco, and Sudan also joined the war.  6,000 Israelis were killed in the War of Independence;  out of a population of 650,000, more than in all the subsequent wars combined.                        
King Feisal with black beard, without a hat in front row
Now, the leading Arab, Emir Feisal, knew what was going to happen and was okay with it, and that the fact was done through the UN, but his arch enemy, another Arab, the Sherif of Jerusalem, was highly against it and arranged to have demonstrations of angry Arabs in Jerusalem riot and thus cause the British to panic and to appease them, and take a stand against the Jews.
Israel's Spitfire in 1949. 
After the Arab armies had been driven back, a truce was called and negotiations for an armistice began.  This in itself was a miracle.  Who would have guessed that this declaration of statehood would have caused a war against a people completely unprepared with only ragtag groups of fighters?  They had the will and the need to win, and felt that G-d was on their side.  After all, some of them had just survived the Holocaust.
.   Then came the Sinai War from October 29th until November 5th, 1956.  This important event was a 7 Day War brought about with Russia's helping the Arabs with arms.  Egypt and Syria had blocked the Suez Canal and the Gulf of Eilat, stopping Israel's ability for shipping plus causing attacks by the fidayun units from Egypt and the Sinai, Gaza Strip and elsewhere.  Egypt had been developing military bases near the frontier lines of Israel along the Sinai.  Then Jordan had to join this 2-some.  The fighting took place from October 29, 1956 to November 5, 1956.  and again Israel won the battles and ended up occupying the Sinai peninsula and the Gaza Strip.  This ended the Egyptian army's concentrations in Sinai along Israel's frontier lines, the blockade of the Tiran Straits so that Israel could not connect shipping between Africa and Asia.  She gained free passage through the Gulf of Eilat when 11 other states and the USA recognized Israel's right to free passage.  At this time the UN emergency Force in Sinai was established and also in Gaza so that Egypt and Israel were separated to prevent another war.  However, things don't always go as planned, and Egypt did return  the very next day after Israel's forces left the Strip in March 1967.  The promise given to Israel was NEVER honored in that the Suez Canal for transit of goods to and from Israel would be open to them.
                                                    CALM 10 YEAR DECEPTION
Armistice lines from 1949 to 1967
The yellow sections are demilitarized zones
Or did the Arabs even try?  The UN force remained for 10 years.  Clashes did happen along the frontier, but was quietest from Egypt's side.  The Gulf of Eilat was open, but turned out to be an illusion of calm.  Egypt was planning all the time, and we know this from the speeches they gave and from the letters Gamal Abd al Nasser wrote.
In the summer of 1967, at the outset of the Six-Day War of June 6th, the Government of France imposed an embargo on the supply of arms to Israel, and cancelled a transaction involving the supply of Mirage-5 fighter aircraft that were to be delivered to Israel as of December 1967. This embargo threatened Israel’s ability to defend itself, and the Israel Ministry of Defense consequently decided to assign the highest priority to the design and manufacture of a fighter aircraft – a “Blue and White” product by IAI.  Israel was good at designing, but lacked the money.  
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Israel manufactured the Nesher fighter aircraft that were based on the French Mirage design. These aircraft were supplied to IAF until 1974. In the early 1970s, concurrently with the manufacture of the Nesher aircraft, an effort to characterize and design a more advanced fighter aircraft was initiated. The new aircraft was designated Kfir.                                                                        
A4's now retired  in  2015 after 48 years of service“The Skyhawk era in Israel was opened on December 29, 1967 , after the Six Day War, when the first four Skyhawks were unloaded from a ship which arrived at the Haifa Port and absorbed into the “Valley” and the “Flying Tiger” Squadrons, established especially for the arrival of the new aircraft.”The “War of Attrition”.”During the “Yom Kippur” War, the Skyhawk Squadron aircrews took off to about 1000 operational sorties in the southern front. About half of the aircraft were hit during combat and six aircrew members ejected from their aircraft in enemy territory, and seven were killed,” according to the Air Force.

By the 19th birthday on May 14, 1967, Israel was extremely vulnerable to attack.  Along the Mediterranean coast, it's middle strip was nowhere more than 10 miles wide, at one point only 9 miles wide this narrow waist of Israel was where Israel's main population lived.  Tel Aviv was here, and smaller towns of Ramat Gan and Petah Tikva, Bat Yam and Holon, Herzliya and Netanya.  This was the main commercial and industrial area.  "On the east were the mountains of Ephraim where the Arabs of the Kingdom of Jordan were living.  Israel's central area was open to be shelled by shellfire, clear through from border to border, without a single gun having to be moved across the frontier."

The rest of the state was vulnerable.  In the NE, the Huleh plain had been created out of a swamp, and now was dotted with Israel's green villages, but in this place that was as flat as a billiard table, was an overhang of the Golan Heights, and the heights were then held by the Arabs of Syria.  The Syrians liked to rain down their ammunition upon this fertile Israel.

To the SW was the Sinai desert and of course had sparse population but was well used by the Egyptians with their military airfields and they were within 3 to 10 minutes flying time from Israel's densely population coastal strip.
Assad president since 2000.   He is a son of Hafez al-Assad, who was President of Syria from 1971 to 2000.
It was Nureddin al-Atassi who was president in 1966.  "
Nureddin al-Atassi was overthrown when a falling out occurred between Salah Jadid, the real ruler of Syria from 1966 to 1970, and Hafez al-Assad, the Minister of Defense.Assad initiated a coup in 1970.
Syria started the progress of another war.  In February 1966, they had a revolution, their 9th since 1949.  My, they were an unstable state.  The left wing of the Ba'ath Party, who enjoyed the backing of the USSR, seized power in 1963 with Amin al-Hafiz in February 1966. .  The new Government's policy was of hostility and hatred towards Israel.  They taught:

1. Waging a people's war of liberation against Israel
2. Syria activated terrorist organizations against Israel from its own and other territories
3. The Syrian army on the Golan Heights, shelled Israeli villages in the Jordan Valley below.
4. The Syrian government persisted in diverting the sources of the Jordan River and deprive Israel of the water vital to its citizens and its development.
5. Tension grew between Syria and Israel, exploited in the middle of May by the USSR, Egypt and Syria and produced the escalation leading to the 6 Day War.

Even though Syria is now run over by ISIS terrorists, Bashar al-Assad is still president and holds onto Damascus.                                              

                                                  June 5, 1967
Along the armistice lines of 1949, called the frontier, with just minor insubstantial modifications, that Israel has since then been called on to return, even by her friends, the USA during Obama's term.  This was only an Armistice line of 68 years ago, and times have changed radically.
On June 6, 1967, a shell was fired from the Arab village of Kalkilieh and it sailed southwestward through half its length and all its width and exploded half a mile from the Mediterranean beach, into an apartment near Masaryk Square in Tel Aviv.
The Uzi, Israel's submachine gun The first Uzi submachine gun was designed by Major Uziel Gal in the late 1940s. The prototype was finished in 1950. First introduced to IDF special forces in 1954, the weapon was placed into general issue two years later. in 1956. 
The IDF placed its first orders for the Uzi in 1954. 
All in all, the IDF repelled the Arab world’s combined assault in 1948 with just two hundred machine guns, ten thousand rifles and 3,600 submachine guns. The IDF’s victory came despite its reliance on a motley collection of surplus small arms from around the world, from British small arms and Enfield rifles to surplus Axis equipment—particularly from Czechoslovakia. Some of Israel’s earliest defenders used their own civilian sporting rifles and shotguns. This prevented universal training and was a logistical nightmare, as the different weapons used dozens of different ammunition types.
Israel had waited for 3 weeks from May 15th for international action to stop the escalation and remove the threat from its frontiers, but it didn't happen.  The Great Powers and the UN were incapable of making any change in the situation.
During 1967 War, Israeli tanks moving towards Golan Heights
 On June 5th, war broke out, again instigated by the Soviet Union spreading false reports that Israeli forces were on the Syrian frontier when in reality Egypt was concentrating a bulk of its army in Sinai of 90,000 men and 900 tanks, and their demand that the UN emergency Force to withdraw and stop serving as a barrier between Egypt and Israel. Then Egypt closed the Straits of Tiran and called for war.  Egypt was the leader and the rest created a war pact against Israel, so there were the armies of Jordan, Ira and Syria concentrating their forces along the frontiers with Israel.  "In simultaneous action, the Arabs set in motion all the available means of communication with the world at large to make known Israel's forthcoming annihilation.

Even while Israel was surrounded on its borders by these nations' armies, she destroyed them in 6 days. Israel had struck at Egypt first, then fought on the 3 fronts surrounding her.   Cease-fire lines were established along the Suez Canal, Jordan River and the Golan Heights.  The Straits of Tiran were opened for navigation, and Jerusalem was finally united as one city once again.  

These 18 years of hostilities against Israel on every front broke every relevant paragraph in the Armistice Agreements of 1949, which all the states had negotiated and signed and which theoretically governed their relations with Israel.  This was when there were no 'occupied territories' to complain about.  Then, Israel was pressed and urged from many sides to always make the concessions.  Usually it was territory, but then the Arab refugee problem was named as the prime cause of Arab intransigence, as the fons et origo of all the trouble in the Middle East.  That was then proclaimed the major obstacle to peace.  Today it is the land won back from Jordan's aggressive attack that some Israelis have dared to build on.

That wasn't the end of the fighting, however.  The War of Attrition kept on from 1966 to 1970.  The Arabs had a meeting in Khartoum and had decided on NEVER having peace with Israel, NEVER negotiating with Israel, and NEVER recognizing Israel.  They intended to wear down Israel's determination to having peace with secure borders.  This was conducted along the entire cease-fire lines but mainly along the Suez Canal and the Jordan River.  Sporadic terrorist operations were conducted by the Palestinian terrorist organization in the administered areas and, to a lesser extent, inside Israel itself.  It failed everywhere.
Yom Kippur, day of 25 hour fasting and praying in the synagogue
for Jews
Israel, on the other hand, followed their Open Bridges policy since 1967 on its frontier with Jordan, allowing Arabs from the administered areas to travel to neighboring Arab countries, so as to maintain their family ties as well as for business, education and other purposes.
Moshe Dayan during the 1973 Yom Kippur War 

What happened?  1973's Yom Kippur War.                       

Egypt finally signed a peace treaty with Israel on March 26, 1979.  To get it, Israel agreed to a complete withdrawal of its armed forces and civilians from the Sinai Peninsula which Israel had captured during the Six-Day War in 1967. Egypt agreed to leave the area demilitarized. Jordan signed a peace treaty on October 26, 1994.  The treaty settled relations between the two countries, adjusted land and water disputes, and provided for broad cooperation in tourism and trade. It included a pledge that neither Jordan nor Israel would allow its territory to become a staging ground for military strikes by a third country.  It took 27 years to get Jordan to come around after their Khartoum Conference and their 3 NO's.  
Jews are living in the settlement of Kiryat Arba and in the nearby ancient city of Hebron, which has sites that are holy both to Jews and Muslims.
Resource:  Book:  Battleground-fact and fantasy in Palestine by Samuel Katz
Booklet:  Facts about Israel, Division of Information, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Jerusalem*