Wednesday, April 9, 2014

Who Lived In Canaan Before the 12 Tribes of Jacob?

                                                                                                     
                                                                                                             

Nadene Goldfoot               Noah on the Ark, father of Shem, Ham and Japheth                                              
                                                                           Moses with the 10 Commandments

2,000 BCE:  G-d said to Abram (Abraham), "Go for yourself from your land, from your relatives, and from your father's house to the land that I will show you.  And I will make of you a great nation....and you shall be a blessing.  I will bless those who bless you, and him who curses you I will curse;  and all the families of the earth shall bless themselves by you.  

1311 BCE:  Moses was told by G-d, "from the hand of Egypt and to bring it up from that land to a good and spacious land, to a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Perizzite, the Hivvite, and the Jebusite.  (Exodus 3:2-17)

Before the Israelite conquest of Canaan around 1271 BCE, which was 3,285 years ago,we see that there was not one people occupying the promised land but 7 of them and also others in the surrounding territory.
                                                                           
                                                          Canaanites
1. Canaanites.  They lived in the land of Canaan, and traditionally descended from Canaan, son of Ham, son of Noah. Noah's sons were Shem, Ham and Japheth.  the Israelites were descended from Shem.   Canaanites were divided into 10 peoples who occupied the land between the Nile and the Euphrates Rivers.  The name "Canaan" appears in inscriptions from the 15th century BCE and from the 14th century.  The people who lived in Syria applied it to themselves.

Their origin appears to have been a mixture of Horites, Hittites, and Hebrews.  They date back to the Hyksos period in the 17th century BCE.  The Hyksos were semitic peoples who overran Egypt after the destruction of the Middle Kingdom.  Excavations in Egypt have found pieces with names similar to Hebrew.  They ruled in Egypt from about 1720 to 1580 BCE when the Israelites had entered and treated them  well.  The time of being slaves began after the expulsion of the Hyksos which means rulers of the foreign lands.   Canaanites were almost all killed or assimilated by the Israelites in the 13th century BCE when Joshua led them into the land.  G-d had told Moses that was to be their Holy Land.  The Philistines also attacked and killed the remnant of them in battle in the 12th century BCE and the Arameans in the north during the 11th century.  The remnants were under the rule of Kings David and Solomon and so were absorbed this way.  Later, the name of the Canaanites was saved only among the Sidonians and Phoenicians.

2.  Hittites were an ancient people living in Asia Minor.  They were powerful and this power extended southward to Syria in the 15th Century BCE.  Their main kingdom which started about 1650  fell in about 1200 BCE during the time of the Exodus. They lived in what is now Turkey.   Small Hittite kingdoms continued to flourish in northern Syria and the Eland along the Euphrates River.  These states were overrun by the Armenians and the Assyrians.

The Bible connects the Hittites with the Canaanites and shows that some lived in Canaan in an early period.  Abraham bought the cave at Machpelah from Hittites.  Esau took wives from the Hittite people.  The Hittites were one of the 7 peoples from whom the Israelites conquered Canaan.  Later, King David of Israel (1010 -970 BCE) had Hittite warriors, and his son, King Solomon (961-920 BCE) , had Hittite wives.

3.Amorites. They were one of the ancient people there.  What happened to them?  They were either killed or assimilated into the Israelites.  "Amorites" is mentioned in cuneiform and hieroglyphic sources where its significance is not constant.  Sometimes it was used as an ethnographic term meaning the Western Semitic tribes, and on others it was a geographical term, naming the whole area of Syria and what became to be called after 135 CE as Palestine.

From the middle of the 2nd millenium, and Abraham was born in the 2nd millennium BCE, there was an Amorite state in central and southern Syria which included the Lebanese Mountains and important harbor towns.  It was an important link between Egypt and Mesopotamia.  Egypt and the Hittites fought and struggled against each other, and the Hittites annexed it.

Amorites, dating from the days of Abraham, were living on both sides of the Jordan River, especially in mountainous regions.  Moses led the conquest of 2 Amorite kingdoms; Heshbon and Bashan.  At this period, the Amorites were no longer a pure western Semitic group but were mixed with other strains living in the same area, like the Horites and the Hittites.

Rabbinic and medieval literature spoke of "the ways of the Amorite."  They were talking about the folk-practices that were so alien to the spirit of Judaism.

4. Perizzites were one of the 7 Canaanite peoples living in Canaan before the Israelite conquest under Joshua. Their descendants were made tributary by King Solomon, so they hadn't all been killed.  Tributary means paying tribute to another to acknowledge submission to obtain protection or to buy peace.  A state that pays tribute to a conqueror.

5. Hivites were one of the 7 nations living in Canaan when the Israelites took possession of the land.  Gibeon was one of their main cities.  Joshua was forced to enter into a league with the Gibeonites under fraudulent means which was extended to the other Hivite cities.  Some of the Hivites lived in northern Canaan near Mt. Hermon.  (Josh. 9:17).   (Josh. 11:3).

6. Jebusites were a Canaanite people who settled in the land before the Israelite conquest.  They lived in the hill region around Jerusalem which they called Jebus.  Joshua defeated a Jebusite-led coalition.  Jerusalem was occupied only in the reign of King David.  The last Jebusite king was Araunah.  They remained in the city under King David and became tributary under King Solomon, so they had  paid a tribute to buy peace.   In the course of time, they were assimilated into the Israelite people. (Sam. 5:6-7), II Sam. 24:15).  

Arameans were a group of Semitic tribes who invaded the Fertile Crescent in the 2nd half of the 2nd millennium BCE in the time of Abraham and roamed between the Persian Gulf and the Amanus Mountains.  Aram and Israel had a common ancestry and the Israelite patriarchs were of Aramaic origin and maintained ties of marriage with the tribes of Aram. In fact, Shem's 5th child was Aram, so they were closely related, being from siblings of Shem.    In Akkadian sources of the 12th century BCE, the Arameans achieved considerable political importance not long after when independent Aramean states and princedoms like Aram-Dammesek, Aram-Naharaima, Aram-Zobah came into being in Syria and Mesopotamia.  The Aramaic language spread among the people where they lived and became current throughout western Asia.  The Aramean deity in Syria was Hadad, god of wind, rain, thunder and lightning.  Aran-Dammesek was the most important Aramean kingdom in Syria from the 10th to 8th centuries BCE and was called after its capital DAMASCUS.

Then you shall call out and say before Hashem, your G-d, "The Aramean sought to destroy my father; and he went down to Egypt and sojourned

 there, few in number; and he became there a nation - great, strong and numerous."

DEUTERONOMY (26:5)  This declaration is a brief sketch of Jewish history, which shows that the Land could never have been given to Israel without G-d's loving intervention.  The Aramean is the deceitful Laban, who deceived and  pursued our forefather Jacob.  (Rashi).  Updated 4/10/14.

Horites were another ancient people who originated south of the Caucasian mountains.  They invaded Syria and Canaan in the 17th century BCE, which would be just a little after Abraham's time of the 20th century BCE.  They mixed Akkadian mythology with their own tradition and were responsible for bringing Sumero-Akkadian culture to the Hittites.

They lived near Mt. Seir in Abraham's time but their land was conquered by the Edomites.  Egyptian documents from the 16th century call Canaan "Haru" whereas before it had been known as "Rutenu."  Scholars have identified the Haru with the Horites and believe that they were pushed back by the Amorites and Canaanites to the Mt. Seir region where they were later driven by the Edomites.  It was not always a peaceful area even then.

Edomites lived in Edom, which was also called Idumea.  It was a country in southeast part of Canaan which was also called  Seir since Mt. Seir was there.   It was mountainous and fortified easily for this reason.  The land was fertile.  It was south of the Dead Sea and bordered on the Red Sea at Eilat (Elath) and Ezion Geber.  The Edomites were Semites originally, traditionally the descendants of Esau, and lived by hunting.  Esau was the son of Isaac and the oldest twin of Jacob.  The patriarchs of Judaism were Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.  Esau had become Jacob's enemy over a fight about their birthright and receiving the firstborn blessing.  Jacob had tricked him into giving it to him, instead.  Esau was out to kill him for this causing Jacob to flee to Haran and not returning for 20 years.  The relationship between these 2 brothers symbolizes the relationship between the 2 nations developing into 2 hostile camps.  In the Talmud, Esau was synonymous with villainy and violence.  Esau in late Hebrew literature implies a course materialist.

They had forced out the Horites who were living there and were organized along tribal lines headed by a chieftain called an Allooph.  They later turned themselves into a monarchy with a king.  They were the traditional enemies of the Israelites.  They fought Israel's first king Saul and were defeated by King David who partly annexed their land.  They  regained their independence during King Jehoram of Israel's  reign but wars between the 2 states  happened often.  In the 8th century they became vassals of Assyria.  Assyria had attacked Israel in 721 BCE and carried off 10 of the 12 tribes.

When the 1st Temple was destroyed, the Edomites plundered and looted with the Babylonians who had attacked in 597 and 586 BCE.  They were then driven out from Seir by the Nabateans and so occupied southern Judah during or after the period of the Exile.  The Edomites were conquered by John Hyrcanus who forced them to convert to Judaism, and from then on they were a part of the Jewish people.  John was the son and successor of Simon the Hasmonean and ruled from 135 to 104 BCE.  He had been governor of Gezer, but after his father and 2 brothers were murdered by his brother-in-law Ptolemy, escaped to Jerusalem where he took over the power.  He became a high priest. but had a breach between himself and the Pharisees and was closer to the Sadducees.  In the end he calmed the country and his last years were peaceful.

King Herod (73-4 BCE)  was one of the descendants of the Edomites. He was the son of Antipater the Idumean by his Nabatean wife, Cypros.    During the Roman General Titus' siege of Jerusalem, they marched in to reinforce the extremists and killed all they suspected of having tendencies towards peace.  The name shows up in the Talmud as a synonym for an oppressive government, especially Rome.  It was used for Christian Europe as well.

Nabateans were people of Arab extraction who lived in Edom in the 6th century BCE.  Their capital was at Petra (Rekem).  They were nomads originally but soon learned to develop agriculture under almost desert conditions by an elaborate system of water conservation.  They fostered caravan trade and established a chain of agricultural settlements across the Negev Desert.  When the Seleucid Empire was falling apart, the Nabateans extended their power up to and including Damascus.  They came into conflict with Alexander Yannai.  The Romans overpowered them in 63 BCE.  their country was annexed in 106 CE and became the Provincia Arabia.  The Nabateans developed a remarkable Arab-Hellenistic culture, especially in their rose-red rock-cut city of Petra.  Petra lies in southern Jordan today and is their main city of interest.  It's now a UNESCO World Heritage center.

Hebrews, or in Hebrew called Ivrim, a descendant of Eber, grandson of Shem or one who comes from the other side of the River (Euphrates) in Hebrew-ever ha-nahar).  Abraham is called "the Hebrew" in (Gen 14:13).  The terms was later used interchangeably with Israelites in (Exod. 9:1).  Whether the Habiru and the Hebrews are the same is debatable, but it looks like it's true.  Hebrew was used instead of Jew in Europe but Israelite was more common.  Hebrew was the origin of Ebreo and Yevrei, the Italian and Russian words for Jew.

The only people remaining today from this time are the Jewish people who absorbed the remnants of the people who were living in Canaan at the time of the Exodus.  They are were either killed or absorbed into the Israelites.

Resource: The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petra
http://archaeology.about.com/od/ancientcivilizations/ig/Hittite-Capital-of-Hattusha/
http://jewishbubba.blogspot.com/2013/01/are-palestinians-canaanites.html


Sunday, April 6, 2014

Census Time of the 12 Tribes of Israel

Nadene Goldfoot                                                       

Moses was born in 1391 BCE and died in 1271 BCE as best as has been figured.  He led the Israelites out of Egypt and into the Promised Land which was Canaan .  When he started he was 80 years old  So it was in the year 1311 BCE that this exodus started.  He didn't make it as he took 40 years to get there, so died at age 120 outside of the land and Joshua had to take over his position of entering the land.  They found that it was important to take a count, a census of the tribes and this is recorded in the Torah twice under NUMBERS, one of the 5 books of Moses.

Every Jew was counted individually as they passed in front of Moses and Aaron at the beginning of their trek away from Egypt and presented proof of his tribal descent. This happened on the 1st of the 2nd month, in the 2nd year after their exodus from Egypt.    They received their blessing and guidance.  Once counted the tribes were arrayed around the Tabernacle, demonstrating that the presence of G-d was the starting point.  It was the central focus of the nation then and for always.  "Jews are a nation by virtue of the Torah."  It is their reason for being a nation,  their raison d'etre.  By accepting this they became a people and by following the Torah they remain a people.  They camped around the Tabernacle which held the Tablets of the Law and marched with it wherever G-d led them.  Our saying is, "More than the Jews have preserved the Sabbath, the Sabbath has preserved the Jews."  The Jews follow their law in that the Sabbath starts on sundown Friday night and ends on Saturday night with the showing of 3 stars in the sky.

The biblical commentator, Rashi, noted that at the beginning of NUMBERS it was G-d who counted the nation at every significant turn.  They were counted as individuals which shows the worth of every person counted.  It would have been easier to count them in masses but sheer numbers wasn't the point of the census.  Each person was to feel that they mattered and that they had a personal responsibility to grow and contribute.  Each tribe had their own uniqueness and each individual was precious in his own right.

Our 5 books of Moses in Numbers tells how the nation slid and an entire generation had to die through the 40 years of walking, but their children came out of it strong and courageous.  They were ready to claim their destiny as the heirs to the blessings of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob as they gathered around the Tabernacle ready to follow Moses.

The 2nd census was taken after the plague.This was a plague that killed 24,000 people who were part of the exodus.  The people  had settled in Shittim and  started seeing the women of Shittim who came over to them and were being very suggestive.  The foreign women invited the Israelite men to their feasts of their gods and they complied and started to praise their god, Baal-peor. Now,  sexual morality is the foundation of Jewish holiness and we are not to be immoral.  Balaam, a great magician,  counseled Balak, king of Moab,  to entice Jewish men to break their law and they did for the offer of sex. Balaam had told Balak that the only way to harm the people of Israel was to seduce them into sin. For only then would G-d punish His people.  One man was so brazen as to bring his paramour right to Moses and sinned in public view.  You can imagine what he was doing.  He was killed for doing this-the punishment of the period.    This evidently was the plague that hit the Israelite  men.   Then  G-d spoke to Moses and to Elazar, son of Aaron the Kohen and told them to take a census of the entire assembly of the Children of Israel, from 21 years of age and up, according to their fathers' houses, all who go out to the legion in Israel.

What we learn from this is that the 600,000 some people on the exodus did not march continually every day, but they did take a break once in a while and here that break led to the death of many for fornicating and starting to worship other gods.  It was not an easy task to change their habits. Here the Moabites were guilty of enticing them to sin in the hopes that G-d would then destroy them.  What has happened to the Moabites now days?  Do you think they are hiding out in some canyon someplace?  I'm afraid not.  They have long disappeared. They may be showing up in DNA tests as a few segments of genes, but as a people, known on this planet-no.  If there are descendants, they are not known as the Moabites anymore.   But Am Yisrael Chai.  The Jewish people are still here.  There are now 6 million Jews  in Israel according to the latest census.

TRIBE                                                        POPULATION      POPULATION      POPULATION
                                                              NUMBERS CH. 1      NUMBERS CH 26      CHANGE

1. Reuben                                             46,500                          43,730                          -2,770
2. Simeon                                             59,300                          22,200                        -37,100
3. Judah                                              74,600                          76,500                         + 1,900 
4. Issachar                                           54,400                          64,300                          + 9,900
5. Zebulun                                           57,400                           60,500                         + 3,100
6. Dan                                                 62,700                           64,400                         + 1,700
7. Naphtali                                          53,400                           45,400                          - 8,000
8. Gad                                                45,650                           40,500                          - 5,150
9. Asher                                             41,500                            53,400                        +11,900
10. Ephraim                                       40,500                            32,500                          - 8,000
11. Manasseh                                    32,200                            52,700                        +20,500
12. Benjamin                                     35,400                            45,600                        +10,200
TOTALS                                        603,550                          601,730                          -1,820

Resource: Tanach, The Stone Edition, ArtScroll Series, Mesorh Heritage Foundation
http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/246644/jewish/Balaam-and-Balak.htm

Wednesday, April 2, 2014

Sanhedrin Court of Ancient Israel

Nadene Goldfoot                                                                    

Israel was created as a kingdom when Saul  born in 11th century BCE from the tribe of Benjamin and was made its first king.  King David was the 2nd king and ruled from 1010 BCE to 970 BCE.  His son, King Solomon was the 3rd king who ruled from 961 BCE to 920 BCE.  When Solomon died, problems started with a revolt led by Jeroboam against Rehoboam, Solomon' son and successor in 933 BCE.  The seceding tribes were led by Ephraim.  The other tribes were Manasseh, Issachar, Zebulun, Naphtali, Asher, Dan, and Reuben and Gad and part of Manasseh. So the next king of Israel was Jeroboam from 933 to 912 BCE.  Hoshea was the last from 730 to 721 BCE.
                                                                               
                                King Solomon
Judah was created out of the southern part of Israel in the revolt.  Rehoboam was king and ruled from 933 to 917 BCE.  Their last king was Zedekiah from 597 to 586 BCE.

By the time the Romans occupied Judah, they came along and set up their own choices for rulers, like Herod.
                                                                     
The Sanhedrin, meaning an assembly of 71 ordained scholars who acted as both Supreme Court and legislature.  The head was the Nasi, usually a descendant of Hillel.  He was a scholar in the 1st century BCE and founder of a school called the House of Hillel and was an ancestor of a dynasty of patriarchs who held office until the 5th century.  He was born in Babylonia but had come back to live in Judah and earned a small living by doing manual labor while studying with famous teachers such as Shemaiah and Avtalyon.  He was appointed president of the Sanhedrin and worked with his friend but ideological opponent, Shammai. Shammai was concerned about the Romans occupying their country so set up many rules to keep the Jews from mixing with them as they were heathens.  His name Shammai is possibly identical with the Pharisee Sameas who rallied the Sanhedrin against Herod's attempt at intimidation in 47 BCE.    They were the last of the pairs (Zugot) of scholars.  He was noted for his humility and leniency.  Legal issues usually were solved by Hillel.  He is credited with writing the Golden Rule:  Don't do to others what you would  not want done to you.  How many countries of today had a supreme court of 71 judges before the 1st century?  Israel of today carries on with a supreme legal court system.

Resource:  http://jewishfactsfromportland.blogspot.com/2013/08/haplogroup-j1-and-j1c3d-or-cohen-gene.html

Saturday, March 29, 2014

Blood Moon, a Divine Sign For Israel? Passover and Sukkot-Great Importance

Nadene Goldfoot                                                                
   
In the book, Joel, it says:  “I will set wonders in the heavens and the earth: blood and fire and pillars of smoke; the sun will turn to darkness and the moon to blood before the coming of the great and awesome Day of Hashem” (G-d).  (Yoel 3:3).  Rashi tells us that Joel was the son of Samuel and a contemporary of Elisha and Joel, Nahum and Habakkuk.  All prophesied during the reign of Manasseh, king of Judah from 720 to 692 BCE.    

We have a rare occurrence "of 4 blood moons happening about every 500 years.  A blood moon is when the Earth comes between the sun and the moon, and the sun is shining through the atmosphere of the Earth and casts upon the moon a red shadow.  This makes the moon appear to be red."  "famous line refers to a blood moon, a lunar eclipse on Sept. 20, 331 BCE that happened right before the Arbela battle of Alexander the Great. A blood red moon has been seen throughout history as a sign of impending doom. However, these events are simply the result of a lunar eclipse, or when the Earth is aligned between the moon and the sun.

"According to NASA, there will in fact be an unusual series of four total lunar eclipses during 2014 and 2015. What is more, in each year the first eclipse occurs on the first night of Pesach and the second occurs on the first night of Sukkos."  The first night of Pesach (Passover) this year is the 14th of April (14 Nisan).  Pesach this year will have a blood moon.   Pesach lasts for 7 days in Israel 8 days outside of Israel, the last day being on the 22nd of April.

 A blood moon will also accompany Sukkot or Sukkah (Feast of Tabernacles)  which starts on the 8th of October 14 Tishrei) .  It lasts for 7 days and ends on the 16th of October.  It commemorates the special protection given the Israelites during their 40 year wandering in the desert and recalls the little booths they built in the fields and lived in during the exodus and during the harvest.

Blood moons will accompany  two festivals next year of 2015  as well.  This doesn't often happen. In fact, it's rare.   Although "since a blood moon happens fairly regularly, 4 appearing so closely together is extremely rare.    There have only been a series of blood moons like this a handful of times over the past 500 years.

"The Jewish Talmud (book of tradition / Interpretation) says; . If the moon's face is as red as blood, (it is a sign that) the sword is coming to the world." Therefore:  Blood Moon = sword coming; 

Often, such things as lunar eclipses seem to be forewarning of events to come, like if you have an earthquake, your house will shake and you might be in mortal danger.  The Jewish and Muslim calendar  is based on the moon while the standard world calendar is based on the sun.  Pastor John Hagee, an Evangelical Pastor based in Texas, has alerted many about the meaning of the blood moons.  He pointed out that rare appearances of 4 blood moons on these same feast days, Pesach and Succot, have coincided with major world events for Israel and the Jewish people.  


1.  He pointed out that in 1492 was the Spanish Inquisition where Spain expelled the Jews if they didn't convert to Catholicism, which was the only Christian religion at that time.  So that was terrible, and it affected the whole world's attitude towards Jews from then on.  On the other hand, Columbus discovered American in 1492, so that was a good thing because over a million Jews finally immigrated from Europe in the early 1900's and found it to be a haven compared to what they had been living through.  

2.  In 1967 we had the Six Day War when Israel won against a united Arab army made up of all the surrounding nations and was even able to recapture east Jerusalem.  What is bad is that the nations are trying to force Israel back to the 67 lines which would take east Jerusalem from our hands and put us in a position that is incapable of defending, surely to bring about the demise of Israel.  Netanyahu explained this with great patience after he was hit with it by Obama on live TV as to why Israel could not afford to go back-even for the sake of peace.  (Peace has often been held out as the cheese only to not be fulfilled.) 

For the first time in 2,000 years, Jerusalem and the State of Israel are together again.  Israel is not about to let this position unravel. 
I did not find 1967 listed but did find the following for 1968.  

  Lunar Eclipse               Jewish holiday of Passover and Sukkot                                                                                       
April 13, 1968
Total
April 12
October 6, 1968
Total
October 6
Pastor Hagee believes that the flag of Israel will be flying over the walls of the city of Jerusalem when Messiah comes, and it's going to be forever, he said.  Every nation that rises up in judgment against Israel, God will punish and punish severely."

As for Israel's biggest worry today,  'the only reason that Iran will not acquire a nuclear bomb will be that Israel chooses a military solution to that crisis," Hagee told CBN News.  He believes that if this happens, it will start a series of events that will change the course of world history.  He added that if Israel doesn't  take action, then it will still change the course of world history. Therefore, whatever happens between Israel and Iran will change the course of world history.  We're on the verge of something big, it sounds like, for Iran is very busy embarking on something pertaining to uranium and Israel has been threatened constantly by them.

However, getting back to the meaning of the 4 red moons, "A lunar eclipse must happen exactly at full moon. On a lunar calendar the fifteenth of the month (first day of festival of Pesach and Succot) falls on or within a day of exact full moon, so any lunar eclipse must be on or within a day of the fifteenth of the month. Hence, any lunar eclipse that happens near the equinoxes must fall on or within a day of Passover (spring) or Sukkot (autumn). Therefore the coincidence of these festivals with lunar eclipses is not as rare as Biltz implies."  He's " the founder of El Shaddai Ministries, a Hebrew roots resource and teaching ministry located near Tacoma, Washington.

"The first eclipse (March 20, 2015) is total. "Even more remarkable is that the total lunar eclipse of Pesach 2015 will be preceded by a total solar eclipse that will occur on Rosh Chodesh Nissan, two weeks earlier."   A total solar eclipse is said to be stunning and awe-inspiring. Therefore a total solar eclipse could be interpreted as a great sign to those who witness it. But how many people will witness this particular eclipse? The eclipse path is in the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. The only landfalls that the eclipse path will make are the Faroe Islands and Svalbard. The population of the former is 50,000 and the latter less than 3,000. The eclipse is of short duration, and the weather can be overcast much of the time at that latitude. There is a good chance that few people, if any, will actually see this eclipse."
The second solar eclipse (September 13, 2015) is partial and falls on Rosh Hashanah. Though many people have experienced a partial solar eclipse, most of them had no idea that anything was going on. This is because unless a partial eclipse is very close to being total, the sun is not appreciably dimmed. Not actually witnessing these events but instead just knowing that somewhere some sort of solar eclipses are happening seems to fall far short of being specific and spectacular signs of end times.

  In 2015 there is an eclipse on Rosh Hashana. on Sept 13, 2015.  
But according to NASA, only one of the four lunar eclipses will be visible from Israel – the one on the first night of Sukkos (September 28) in 5775/2015. Sukkot will start September 27th at sundown and end on October 4th.  ("Sukkos is directly connected to prophecies concerning the future collapse of the cultures of Yishmael and Eisav at the time ofMashiach. We know this from the astounding haftaras we read on Sukkos, describing the War of Gog U’Magog, the climactic war involving all of civilization, that will occur at that season." This comes from Roy S. Neuberger, author of the article in the Jewish Press.)  

A Christian minister, Mark Biltz, explains that  the the 2nd Coming of Christ must happen at Sukkot, and Jesus's crucifixion was at the time of Passover.  One of the key goals of El Shaddai Ministries Is to fight replacement theology by restoring the Jewishness of Yeshua, Jesus to Christians.  He argues that the unusual event of 4 lunar eclipses on these 4 dates has great significance.  He also mentions 2 solar eclipses in 2015 having prophetic implications.  This is pretty much what Hagee is following. 

 In 2017 Passover is celebrated from April 10-18)   April 11th is a full moon, full pink, named so by Native Americans as the pink in spring flowers.  I wonder if it shows up as redder in Jerusalem.  Sukkot occurs from October 4 to October 11th. October 5th is a full moon and already listed as a blood moon.  
Combine this with a recent find of a prophecy from 750 years ago by Rabbi  Judah the Pius in in Germany in the 13th Century  who said that 2017 was going to be significant.  He said that 1967 was the beginning of the END OF TIMES and 2017 would be the end of the END OF TIMES.  Events in between that he said would happen have happened.  Now, what will happen in 2017?  

Resource:  http://www.cbn.com/cbnnews/insideisrael/2014/February/Divine-Sign-for-Israel-Hagee-Explains-Blood-Moons/
http://prophecyproof.blogspot.com/2014/02/debunking-four-blood-moons-theory.html
http://www.pray4zion.org/TheComingBloodMoons.html
http://jewishbubba.blogspot.com/2014/03/bible-predictions-from-judah-pious-of.html
http://www.answersingenesis.org/articles/2013/07/12/lunar-eclipses-cause-blood-moons
http://www.chabad.org/holidays/default_cdo/year/2015/jewish/2015-Holidays.htm
http://www.vercalendario.info/en/moon/united_states-month-march-2015.html
http://www.sonoma.edu/users/v/vegalu/eschatology_files/blood.pdf
http://www.seasky.org/astronomy/astronomy-calendar-2017.html *****
http://www.jewishpress.com/indepth/front-page/eclipses-red-moons-and-chanukah/2013/11/27/
http://www.chabad.org/holidays/JewishNewYear/template_cdo/aid/671894/jewish/When-is-Sukkot-in-2013-2014-2015-2016-and-2017.htm
Update 4/1/14 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=--kA2-5z2zI theory debunked
    http://www.jewishpress.com/news/breaking-news/messianic-blood-moon-rising-on-passover-seder/2013/10/06/

Khamaeni, the Holocaust Denier and Why He's So Wrong

Nadene Goldfoot                                          

The Nazi, Adolf Hitler, plotting with The Arab Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini in Berlin, Germany on November 21, 1941. 

The Mufti  issued a fatwa, a summons to a holy war against BRITAIN in May 1941 and this was declared in Iraq.  The Mufti of Jerusalem  was then instrumental in the pro-Nazi coup.    However, when the Jewish immigrants  were attempting to get to Palestine by shiploads in the late 30's, Nazis were at the apex of attacking Jews in Germany.   Then  England decided not to follow the  mandate to create a Jewish State there.  Instead, they decided to re-admit former supporters of the Mufti of Jerusalem, the Arabs, into Palestine instead and forcibly kept the Jews out!

"Most Holocaust denial claims imply, or openly state, that the Holocaust is a hoax arising out of a deliberate Jewish conspiracy to advance the interest of Jews at the expense of other peoples. For this reason, Holocaust denial is generally considered to be an antisemitic conspiracy theory, frequently encountering criticism."  Holocaust deniers are calling themselves revisionists, lately.  They can call themselves many things, but I call them stupid.  
                                                                         
                                          Jews forced to go to Aushwitz on cattle trains.  

" Aushwitz was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany during World War II. It consisted of Auschwitz I (the base camp); Auschwitz II–Birkenau (the extermination camp)Auschwitz III–Monowitz (a labor camp to staff an IG Farben factory), and 45 satellite camps."  This was just one of many.  

Germans were good at many things, and the one thing they were outstanding in from the 30's onwards was in keeping records.  They recorded every minute of the Holocaust including all its ugliness.  To say that the Holocaust didn't exist is ridiculous.  There are so many records of every detail taken by the Nazis themselves. They took still pictures and moving pictures as well as moving picture news reports.   One would have had to have been either just born recently and kept from the library or if elderly, had been in some sort of prison where news never got to you.  Whatever Khameni of Iran's problem is  must be pure denial.  He is in big denial. Just recently he pronounced that "If Shoah did indeed take place, there is no certainty about what happened there."  

What happened there was brutality of Nazis and other anti-Semites who worked as fast as they could to slaughter 6 million Jews.  They gassed them and burned them in furnaces.  They shot groups who fell into already prepared pits.  They had decided that their economic woes were all the Jews' fault and so to deal with that and make themselves richer, they set about to kill a whole people.  To them, six million would have been a good start.  If they hadn't been stopped they would have continued to kill every Jew on the face of the earth.  Canada and the USA would have been the next site to find us.

Jews have been scapegoats for others to blame all the ills of the world on for centuries, ever since they lost their country in 70 CE to the Romans.  They have had to wander and depend on the emotions of the king of a county as to how he was feeling towards Jews at that moment.  Sometimes they asked them into a country to help out with their economic woes, as they were good accountants.  They were smart people.  Then, eventually that got in the way as it caused jealousy within the people of the land and eventually they were exiled.  In Germany's case, Jews had been there since before 1,000 CE and were loyal Germans, industrious people, and the first to be attacked for being "different" from all the other Germans. Being different meant that they weren't Christians.   

One way the Germans kept tract of how many Jews they had was through the use of IBM punch-out cards, made in the good old USA. They started their IBM-Nazi agreement in 1933.   The same type of cards were used in the USA on their Japanese in internment camps during the war, too.  The Germans identified and catalogued Jews in their programs executed in the 1930s to the selections of who lives and who dies in the 1940s.  Eventually everyone died.  They could have used a computer, but they weren't invented yet.  Hitler's identification program was essential for quick and efficient confiscation of their property, clothing, gold in their teeth, etc, and putting them in ghettos for storage, deportation, enslaved labor, and the ovens.  

Records of evidence are in our USA government archives that are public.  The Khameni should fly over sometime and sit down and read some of the evidence. Khameni cheers people who join him in this denial.   

What's frightening is that the USA seems to be basing their policy towards the Islamic republic, Iran, as being  an honest broker.  Why are they taking Iran at its word?  They have been lying to us before, and are lying now.  If it turns out that they truly are lying to us about uranium and their goals, Israel and the USA are heading into an abyss of no return.  An example of lying from Iran is "Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif  who had told ABC's George Stephanopoulos last September that reports that  Khamenei had openly denied the Holocaust were as a result of "bad translation" and were taken "out of context."  Not so.  He knew that's how Khameni thinks.  He's a consummate Holocaust denier since it really goes against Islam as well.  

Surely he has heard of the Nurenburg trials held in Nurenburg, Germany from November 20, 1945 to October 1, 1946, trying 23 leaders of the 3rd Reich of Nazi Germany.  After the atrocities of what the Nazis had practiced in trying to erase a whole people, the Jews, and other victims, they were put on trial and found guilty.  There's even a movie about it, Judgement at Nuremberg which was made in 1961.  This brought out the fact that their crimes were committed in violation of the Law of Nations or the Laws of War.  It was directed by Stanley Kramer and such famous people as Spencer Tracey, Burt Lancaster, Richard Widmark, Maximilian Schell, Werner Klemperer, Marlene Dietrich, Judy Garland, William Shatner and Montgomery Clift were in it.  An earlier version was broadcast as a TV episode of Playhouse 90.  Somebody, send Khamenei a copy of this trial!  

As it turns out, the Arabs put the pressure on the British to not fulfil their obligation to create a Jewish State in Palestine so that the Nazis could capture them all and kill them.  Those trying to enter Palestine in the late 30's and early 40's were turned away by the British who were mandated create the Jewish state and failed miserably. If the USA hadn't stepped into the war, Britain would have been taken by the Nazis.  I find it ironic that two of the judges at Nurenberg were British.   "Geoffrey Lawrence, 3rd Baron Trevethin, 1st Baron OakseyDSOTDKCPC (2 December 1880 – 28 August 1971) was the main British Judge during the Nuremberg trials after World War II, and President of the Judicial group." 

 One wonders if he was related to Lawrence of Arabia.  Thomas Edward Lawrence was #2 in a family of 5 illegitimate boys whose father was Sir Thomas Chapman. "an Anglo-Irish landowner, the last of the Chapman baronets of Killua Castle in Ireland."  They all took the surname of Lawrence when the parents, Sarah Lawrence and Thomas Chapman  lived together but didn't marry. Sarah Lawrence had given him the 5 boys.  He had daughters from his 1st marriage who Sarah was governess for.  Unless the judge was related to Sarah's Lawrence family, they were not connected.   

Israel is wary that Khameni is plotting to finish what Hitler started, and that is to exterminate all the Jews now living in Israel with his uranium plans of creating a weapon of some sort, most likely an A bomb.  

Different religions have tried to wipe out Jews.  First it was the Christian Crusaders of Europe starting in 1096 who attacked Jews as well as their target, the Muslims, and then the Spanish Inquisition culminating in 1492, the Holocaust of a Catholic Hitler who was quite irreligious but political from 1933 to 1945, and now the Muslim Arabs since 1948 who will not abide Jews within their circle of the Middle East.  Perhaps it is meant that Jews are to survive.  Our saying is Am Yisrael Chai!  The people of Israel live!  The world would be much better off if those who haven't would  just accept us. Note that not once have Jews been aggressive towards anyone in the world, but have had to be defensive against all the attacks in order to survive.  And survive we have!  

Resource:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holocaust_denial
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_during_World_War_II
http://www.ibmandtheholocaust.com/
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2204160/Darkest-atrocities-Nazis-laid-bare-secretly-recorded-conversations-German-prisoners-war.html
http://www.archives.gov/publications/ref-info-papers/79/index.pdf
http://www.thecommentator.com/article/4660/iranian_supreme_leader_s_holocaust_denial_not_a_mistranslation
http://www.algemeiner.com/2014/03/21/irans-ayatollah-khamenei-says-reality-of-holocaust-is-uncertain/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuremberg_Trials
http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/nuremberg-trials
http://www.pbs.org/lawrenceofarabia/players/lawrence.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Thomas_Chapman,_7th_Baronet


Thursday, March 27, 2014

Is It Man's Power Ruling the World ?

Nadene Goldfoot                                                           

                                                           Israel's IDF soldier from Ethiopia

The world is divided into power groupings.  There's the Middle East with the Arabs in contention with each other.  Power struggles there have been going on forever since the dawn of time.  Europe has been a seat of power struggles; England and France, Germany, Russia and eastern Europe.  There was Ireland's religious war between the Catholics and the Presbyterians.  The United States rose to be the most powerful after WWII, but like all powers, has slipped.  The Orient is vying for power with China in the lead. North Korea is vying with South Korea.  Japan was top dog not long ago.  Viet Nam was the scene of a very long war involving many countries.   What it takes to be powerful is money, population numbers and a powerful leader.                                                                    
                                                Moshe Dayan, 1967

The Middle East power struggles have always been happening.  King David's Empire of Israel goes back to 1010 BCE to 970 BCE.  They were overrun by the Assyrians in 721 BCE and then the Babylonians in 597 and 586 BCE.  Finally they lost Jerusalem in 70 CE to the Roman Empire.  Other powerhouses  were the Sabaeans and the Nabataeans, the Byzanatines and the Sasanids, the Umayyad Dynasty and the Abbasid Empire.   Then the Crusaders entered the competition from the West.  Finally there was the Ottoman Empire ruling for 400 years.  Mohammad had been born in 570 and died in 632 bringing an army of men demanding converts to Islam.  They had power and swept over much of the world.

Lee Smith wrote in "The Strong Horse, Power, Politics, and the Clash of Arab Civilizations in 2010 of all this power.  He concluded that the Arab world works from clashing with each other, not that anger and disorder is caused by the clash of civilizations between East and West.  Look at Iran and Iraq's war, for example.  Right now Iran and Saudi Arabia are at odds; two powers in competition-Sunni and Shi'a.
Power struggles right now are centered in the Middle East between Israel and the Palestinians.  The two Palestinian terror groups, Fatah, the new name for the PLO, and Hamas are having another power struggle of their own going on at the same time.  Fatah has gleaned much money from all the other Arab leaders in the Middle East and they control the official Palestinian authority power.  That money has not gone to the general community at large, but to individuals, for they have not been able to pay their utility bills to Israel who has been supplying them with such things as electricity, etc.
                                                                         
 It's now been found out that there are 1,700 millionaires or more among the Hamas terrorists living in "Horribly oppressed and besieged Gaza."  You can call them "welfare" millionaires.  This comes to us from no other than Abbas himself of Fatah.  He's telling the public that Hamas is corrupt and doesn't represent the Palestinian people.  For once he maybe telling the truth.  He and the rest of the Fatah faction were in Gaza also but were thrown out when Hamas got the power through elections demanded by Obama, and of course these elections may not have been very truthful.  How much it resembles other places like Russia in an election where people are forced to vote one way or risk their life is the question.  Sometimes I've even wondered about our elections in the USA!   Abbas explained that Hamas imposes steep taxes on its citizens for goods entering from Egypt and Israel, and that this money finds its way into Hamas officials' pockets.

And of course we know that the tunnels some poor slaves are digging for Hamas allow entrance of rockets, mortars and missiles that are to be fired against Israel, another donation, no doubt of encouraging anti-Semitic countries.  If they're short of the actual ammunition, they make them  with materials they sneak in through those tunnels.  That's why they love flotillas.  They may be able to get in weapons to use against Israel that way, too.   They don't really have a need for other things because they're being supplied by Israel daily.  .

Abbas must be feeling slighted.  Even Arafat was a millionaire many times over.  His PLO group didn't get all the money donated, either.  Money from both groups have come in through foreign aid, black marketeering and corruption.  Abbas has a son who lost his monopoly on imported cigarettes when Hamas took over Gaza.  "Abbas said that 800 millionaires and 1,600 near-millionaires control the tunnels at the expense of both Egyptian and Palestinian national interests."    So now we know that tunnels have created over 1,000 millionaires.  Gaza also has huge construction industry, luxury hotels and all the other amenities of a nice city.
I wonder if they have to pay the dissidents who are anti-Israel activists claiming aloud that Gaza is a concentration camp.  They don't know about the 5-star hotels there.  I've seen many a time the beautiful outdoor shuks with all the fruits and veggies that look like those  in Israel, Italy and even the USA who are into such things today.  I've seen all the Israeli trucks driving with daily with supplies.  They're not hurting, except from their own leaders as usual.

    At the eve of the "final solution" to the "Jewish Problem," the Mufti and Adolf Hitler                                                                 confer in Berlin, November 21, 1941.
Ruth R. Wisse wrote in Jews and Power in 2007 about the Jews who lost all their power in 70 CE and have been powerless for almost 2,000 years.  "They have been exiled, landless, stateless, abused and slaughtered -6 million of them.  She explains how a "creative remnant of Jews managed to survive despite being dependent on anti-Semitic countries they lived in and then were exiled out of so many times.  Their powerlessness often had to turn into appeasement and accommodation while relying on the hope of a divine justice".  She wonders if we have matured enough since we were altered by an accustomed and venerable Jewish psychology.  Michael Oren wrote of her book that "we are in a deep political and moral confusion and that her book is a cogent call for clarity."  .She covers the Jewish world from the Kingdom of David to the Oslo Accords.  She offers a radical new way to think about the Jewish relationship to power.  Religious Jews thought that upholding the covenant with G-d was a treaty with the most powerful force in the universe and that Jews could pursue their religious mission on a moral plain to be the light for the world and to show people how to live ethically and morally.  We were actually politically weak which increased our vulnerability to be scapegoated and the violence from power-seeking nations have cast Jews as perpetual targets.

  I opened to page 161 and read:  "The special ingredient of Palestinian nationalism that really does set it apart from, say, Jordanian nationalism, or that of Syria or Egypt, is its basis in antagonism to Israel and its usurpation of Jewish symbols, history and identity."  She goes on to say that for Palestinians, their important date of the calendar to commemorate is May 14, 1948, the day of Israel's founding.  On this date they have borrowed the Jewish history of the destruction of the Temple and  the mass murder of the Jews of Europe in the Holocaust to make this date their nakba, their Palestine's endless Holocaust to play on their emotions.   They go on and on about it.
                                                                         
                                     IDF on the way to the front in one of the wars

The Jews of Israel were finally in their own land again, not thinking of power of ancient days, but of survival.  They could only think for 15 minutes and were attacked by all the Arabs of the Middle East in the War of Independence which really started on 29 November 1947 when the partition of their land was announced and the Arabs refused and their anger ignited.  Armistice Agreements were signed in 1949.  Israel had won.  They had their power back!  They were tested again in the Sinai War that lasted from 29 October until 5 November 1956.  They were tested again in the Six Day War from 5 to 11 June 1967 where they knew they had their power back because the odds were so against them, and they inadvertently regained lost land from 1948 back in their power again just by defending themselves with fervor, for each time they know it's win or die.Jews have nowhere to run.  They faced more testing of their power in The War of Attrition
 that lasted from 1968 until the cease-fire on 7-8 August 1970, and then again in the War of 1973. More testing came on Israel's most holy day, the day all Jews can be found in a synagogue, Yom Kippur, asking forgiveness while fasting.  It was October 6, 1973  and this Yom Kippur War  lasted until a cease fire was called on October 22nd.  In this war Syria alone lost 4,000 men, 1,100 tanks and 168 planes.

In 1982 Palestinians had been attacking from the north in Lebanon and Syria and finally Israel went up, led by General Sharon, with Lebanon's Christian militia to stop the shooters.  The Christians took the lead and slaughtered the Palestinian terrorists on their own accord, but Sharon had to take the blame, but he insisted he had no idea of what they were going to do when they said they could put a stop to it and wanted the honor.  I think this taught Israel not to count on others to do their work.  At other times when the UN force was there to protect Israel, they left the minute the Arab leader asked them.

Tiny Israel is sitting on only 8,000 square miles and has just 7.7 or 8 million people now of which 1.7 million are Arabs.  It's the smallest state with the smallest population and has power. It's up against 22 Arab nations that are nearby while 48 Muslim majority countries are always siding with them and ready to help against Israel.

 Israel  has a powerful army, and powerful intelligence.  Jews in the world make up only 1/4 of 1% of the world population.  Jews have won 40 times more than expected for Nobel prizes from 1901 to 1990 by winning 160 of  the 89 years.  They are 1st or 2nd in being the highest start up nation in businesses.  Israel helps their friends in all matters that they may know more about and can help; in agriculture and defense.  They produce ideas such as inventions in medicine.  I could go on and on. They may be small but offer much to the world.   They do this when everyone is against them, so suffer from physical as well a psychological abuse from the world.  Israel does not get its power from oil like their Arab neighbors.  It's had to use their brains to have power. I can say that most of Israel, at least, still is dependent on the feeling that G-d is with them if they follow G-d's expectations.  All religions lay  money down on betting that the mashiah is on THEIR side at the end of times.  Who will have the power then?  All?  None?  One?
                         
Resource: http://www.frontpagemag.com/2014/dgreenfield/palestinian-authority-1700-hamas-millionaires-in-gaza/#.UzPWebCqoHw.facebook
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3621090,00.html
Facts About Israel, Division of Information, Ministry for foreign affairs, Jerusalem
Middle East-Past & Present by Yahya Armajani and Thomas M. Ricks, textbook in PSU.
http://judaism.about.com/od/americanjewry/a/accomplishments.htm