Wednesday, June 22, 2016

Madagascar Finally Has a Jewish Neighborhood

Nadene Goldfoot                                                               
Hitler spoke with Arab leaders before WWII.


Islamic leader, Haj Amin al-Husseini,
Sherif of Jerusalem, wanted Jews out
of Palestine.  

Hitler in the 1930's blamed all the economic depression Germany was suffering from on the Jews.  Everything was their fault.  It was a rehappening of events that had been occurring for the past 2,000 years to Jews.  They had been in Germany after losing Jerusalem to the Romans in 70 CE, and they had even served in WWI two thousand years later in 1914-17.

Germany wanted France to get rid of their 10,000 Jews and be Judenrien, so on December 9, 1938, the French Foreign Minister, Georges Bonnet, informed the German foreign Minister, Joachim Von Ribbentrop, that to do that they would have to ship them out somewhere, and where?  The Final Solution of the Germans had not yet been thought of, but were thinking along the lines of mass emigration somewhere.
                                                                     
Madagascar along the coast
Three months later  on March 5, 1938, Adolf Eichmann was put in charge of researching and creating a plan to give to the chief of the Security Police (SIPO)'s Reinhard Heydrich with a "foreign policy solution as it had been negotiated between Poland and France called the Madagascar Plan.   Then it was forgotten about and not thought of till summer 1940 after the fall of France.

A little earlier, Captain Dryfus of France  was the cause of a political scandal that from its beginning in 1894 divided France until it was finally resolved in 1906. He was accused of treason, acting for the Germans and was innocent, but suffered anyway by being found guilty. Dreyfus was imprisoned on Devil's Island in French Guiana, where he spent nearly five years. The conviction was a miscarriage of justice based upon faulty espionage and blatant antisemitism, as well as a hatred of the German Empire following its annexation of Alsace and part of Lorraine in 1871  .It caused Jews to realize that they needed their own country.  They thought of Africa, but disbanded the idea.  There was no burning desire to live there, but there was for their ancient homeland that had now been called "Palestine."  
                                                                           

Madagascar, a huge island nation off the southeast coast of Africa, is home to thousands of animal species – like lemurs – found nowhere else, plus rainforests, beaches and reefs. Near the busy capital, Antananarivo, is Ambohimanga, a hillside complex of royal palaces and burial grounds, as well as the “Avenue of the Baobabs,” a dirt road lined by massive centuries-old trees.  It is the 4th largest island in the world made up of 587,041 km2(226,658 sq mi)

The island of Madagascar had colonization possibilities he found from the French Colonial Office.  He included his evacuation plan for 4 million Jews to be shipped there over a period of 4 years.  It would be financed by a special bank that would be managing confiscated Jewish property and by contributions exacted from world Jewry, or blackmail.  He had also advocated creating a police reserve as a giant ghetto, much like the Pale of Settlement was only much worse.

The plan included compensating the 25,000 French citizens living on the island already.  The control would be transferred to Germany under a mandate.  The ports were to become German naval bases if the German navy desired.  Suitable areas of the country would be excluded from the Jewish territory and made Judenterritorium for the construction of air bases..  A German Police Governor under the administration of the Reichsfuehrer SS would be in charge of the island. Apart from this, the Jews would administer their part of the land and have their own mayors, police, postal and railroad administration.  The Jews would be jointly liable for the value of the island.  This plan was a Mandate and Jews would not get German citizenship, but those deported there lose their citizenship of European countries from the date of deportation and would be residents of the Mandate of Madagascar.
                                                                       
Tower of David in Jerusalem 
The whole idea was to prevent Jews from creating a Jewish state in Palestine.  They wanted Jerusalem to be out of the hands of the Jews and only be for the Christians and Islamic people.  American Jews would see that Jews on the island were kept alive only by the good behavior of American Jews.

Gossip caused the plan to leak out and it was published in Italy in July 1940.  by August, the 3rd Reich endorsed the plan.  The American Jewish Committee was much alarmed and they published by May 1941 a special report about this that sought to demonstrate that Jews couldn't survive the conditions on the island.

By summer 1940, the Nazis had already come up with their novel idea of a different Final Solution; their extermination program. So, by February 10, 1942, the Madagascar Plan was officially shelved and replaced with the evacuation to the East of Jews.  They expected to get all Jews out of Europe so they could control it all.  Rademacher had signed the agreement in Berlin on July 3, 1940.   Instead, they slaughtered 6 million Jews in the most despicable ways, and the utter horrid thing is that they were helped by many Europeans.
Madagascar Natives went  shopping, perhaps. 
Today, a Jewish community "was officially born in Madagascar last month when 121 men, women and children underwent Orthodox conversions on the remote Indian Ocean island nation better known for lemurs, chameleons, dense rain forests and vanilla." Of course they were not from the European Jews of WWII, as they never got the chance to live there, despite the almost impossible conditions they would have had to face.  They had a worse situation.  


These people who converted to Judaism on the island were  followers of various messianic Christian sects and had  become disillusioned with their churches and began to study Torah.  The conversions, which took place over a 10-day period, were the climax of a process that arose about five to six years ago.
Through self-study and with guidance from Jewish internet sources and correspondence with rabbis in Israel, they now pray in Sephardic-accented Hebrew and strictly observe the Sabbath and holidays.
The conversions were facilitated by Kulanu, a New York-based nonprofit that specializes in supporting isolated and emerging Jewish communities, but were initiated by the residents. 
" Rabbi Gerald Sussman of Temple Emanuel on Staten Island in New York said that   "“We are in the process of reconstituting the Jewish people, which would have been more numerous had it not been decimated by the Holocaust and had we not lost millions of Jews in Arab lands.”

Resource: http://www.israelandstuff.com/rebirth-madagascar-community-chooses-to-return-to-their-jewish-heritage
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/Madagascar.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dreyfus_affair

Saturday, June 18, 2016

German-Jewish Problems from 1348-1349: Black Death

Nadene Goldfoot                                                 
The Plague, a painting in Madrid Museum

The Black Death was an not just an epidemic, but a pandemic  outbreak of bubonic plague in Europe around 1348 that spread through Asia and Europe  that killed between one-third and two-thirds of the population in less than five years.  It killed 25 million people then over a period of 50 years.  The plague stopped during the winter years.  Spreading across Asia first, people thought it was over by 1348.  The epidemic spanned from China to England to North Africa, transmitted along the Silk Road and other trade routes.  It was an epidemic that killed much of the population of Europe.  It led to murderous attacks on many Jewish communities because they were the first thought to have caused it.  "The Black Death lingered on for centuries, particularly in cities. 

Outbreaks included the Great Plague of London (1665-66), in which one in five residents died." Jews had already been expulsed from England in 1290 and weren't allowed back until 1655.  
                                                                                  

This happened in Germany even more than other countries because the masses of people were so superstitious that this charge, originating in Savoy, was that Jews had caused the disease by poisoning the wells.   

The truth was that Jews were less exposed to the plague because of their being shunned by the German Christians and were segregated from them in their own communities.  The Jews followed their dietary and hygienic laws and this protected them but made them more suspicious to the gentiles as they were looked upon as killers of Christ and evil.  

Pope Clement VI issued a bull condemning the libel.  He ordered the Jews to be protected.  They population ignored this, and there was hardly any Jewish community that didn't suffer from Alsace eastward from attacks.

Emperor Charles IV even went along with the attacks in return for a share in the booty.   The guilds for the lower nobility and the lower patrician classes were against their Jewish supporters.  Those who owned money to Jews welcomed the opportunity to kill their creditors.

In Germany alone, attacks on Jews took place in about 350 places, while 60 large and 150 small communities were absolutely exterminated!

Many towns from then on banished the Jews for all time, although some soon changed their minds.  This was the greatest disaster that happened to Germany Jewery in the Middle Ages.  Attacks on a smaller scale took place also in Poland, Catalonia and northern Italy.  
                                                                          
Suffering from blisters of bubonic plague 

"The first well-documented pandemic was the Plague of Justinian, which began in 541 CE. Named after the Byzantine emperor Justinian I, it killed up to 10,000 people a day in Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, Turkey), according to ancient historians. Modern estimates suggest half of Europe's population was wiped out before the plague disappeared in the 700s."  This means that the Middle Ages pandemic was the 2nd round of the bubonic plague.                                                                     


What caused it in the first place?  Mainly, it was rats that carried fleas that bit people.  "The animal reservoir for plague includes mice, camels, chipmunks, prairie dogs, rabbits, and squirrels, but the most dangerous for humans are rats, especially the urban sort. The disease is usually transmitted by the rat flea,Xenopsylla cheopis."  This cause wasn't found until 1859.  during a 3rd epidemic in China that started in 1855.  However, "The second way the plague was spread was through the air.   People were infected with it simply by inhaling."

"The most common reason  thought by Christians was that it was the wrath of God. The times were fanatically religious, and one of the ways God got even, so to speak, was by punishing man. This is especially confirmed in Christian mythology with the idea of the Four Horsemen of Apocalypse, one of whom is pestilence. This Horseman of Pestilence was their interpretation of the plague."  They blamed the corruption of the church, or for not stopping the Muslims during the Crusades.  They finally blamed the Jews just for living there  " because they had allowed the Jews to live in their midst as Jews. This reason became widely accepted. Therefore, in many communities throughout Christian Europe the formula and prescription of saving the community from the plague lay in either converting, exiling or murdering the Jewish population.  No wonder we today are down to only 14 million Jews in the world, about 0.02% of the world population.  

How did people suffer?  "Bubonic plague, the disease's most common form, refers to telltale buboes—painfully swollen lymph nodes—that appear around the groin, armpit, or neck.

Septicemic plague, which spreads in the bloodstream, comes either via fleas or from contact with plague-infected body matter.

 Pneumonic plague, the most infectious type, is an advanced stage of bubonic plague when the disease starts being passed directly, person to person, through airborne droplets coughed from the lungs. If left untreated, bubonic plague kills about 50 percent of those it infects. The other two forms are almost invariably fatal without antibiotics."

The Italian writer Giovanni Boccaccio lived through the plague as it ravaged the city of Florence in 1348. The experience inspired him to write The Decameron, a story of seven men and three women who escape the disease by fleeing to a villa outside the city. In his introduction to the fictional portion of his book, Boccaccio gives a graphic description of the effects of the epidemic on his city.

"The symptoms were not the same as in the East, where a gush of blood from the nose was the plain sign of inevitable death; but it began both in men and women with certain swellings in the groin or under the armpit. They grew to the size of a small apple or an egg, more or less, and were vulgarly called tumours. In a short space of time these tumours spread from the two parts named all over the body. Soon after this the symptoms changed and black or purple spots appeared on the arms or thighs or any other part of the body, sometimes a few large ones, sometimes many little ones. These spots were a certain sign of death, just as the original tumour had been and still remained."

Most victims of the pandemic were buried in mass graves.  Civilization up to that time with its laws of behavior was abandoned and it was every man for himself.  

Resource:  The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia
https://www.chegg.com/homework-help/definitions/black-death-45
http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/health-and-human-body/human-diseases/plague-article/
http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/plague.htm
http://www.jewishhistory.org/the-black-death/

Thursday, June 16, 2016

Sephardic and Hidden Jews (Marranos) of Jamaica

Nadene Goldfoot                                                        

                                                                                 
Jews  were living on the island of Jamaica in 1577 and were free to live and work there.  

The English occupied this island of Jamaica in 1655.  It wasn't until the British  took the island in 1655 that Jews were permitted to practice their religion openly and establish a Jewish community, including synagogues and cemeteries. 
                                                                           

Columbus had sailed from Spain in 1492 and bumped into islands that were close to North America.  "He  visited Jamaica on his second trip to the New World and in 1503 claimed it for Spain. The island was granted to Columbus’ descendants as a personal possession."  

 Many believe that Columbus could have been a Marrano Jew of Italy.  He wrote to his son in the Hebrew script.  This was the time that Spain had the Spanish Inquisition starting and Jews had to either leave Spain or convert to Catholicism.  Thus, when a family couldn't afford to leave the country, they hid the fact that they were Jewish;  thus the term, and a negative one it is, of Marrano.  They were hidden Jews.  They went through the pretense of being Catholic.  
                                                                             
Secret Seder in Spain during Spanish Inquisition by Marranos (Anusim) 
By 1655, some Portuguese Marrano were probably already residents on the island.  Many Sephardim of Marrano origin established themselves shortly after 1655, and in the course of the 18th century, when the island's economy was doing very well, the Jewish settlement developed which benefited from the immigration of both the Portuguese Marranos and of the present Jews of that day.   Sephardi as well as Ashkenazi Jews who came from Europe, mainly from England had come here to settle.

"In 1577, Jews were free to live and work on the island, but it wasn't until the British conquered Jamaica in 1655 that Jews were permitted to practice their religion openly and establish a  Jewish community, including synagogues and cemeteries.

Even on this distant island, the Jews were subjected to many restrictions until 1831, and had played an important part in the life of Jamaica.  They filled every public office.

With the decline in the island's prosperity in the 19th century, the Jewish community diminished, and contributed some of the outstanding families in Jewish life in England, like the Henriques.

 The Henriques family that fled Portugal during the Spanish Inquisition in the 17th century are all descended or related to the patriarch of the family, Henriques Dias Milao-Caceres  (1528-1609).   He was a wealthy businessman from Lisbon, who was arrested by the Spanish Inquisition during the Iberian Union on charges of not having paid taxes, having dealings with the Jews, and for having attempted to flee the country before trial.  Most of his family and entourage who had not managed to leave the country on time, had also been arrested and interrogated by the Inquisition. At the age of 82, Henriques Dias Milao-Caceres was sentenced to death, along with his man servant who was believed to have converted to Judaism in secret, and a female member of the family. They were burned at the stake on the 5th of April, 1609. The rest of the family members, whom had had their lives spared, were forced to witness the execution. Those witnesses took on the surname Henriques, in memory of Henriques Dias Milao-Caceres, thus beginning of the Henriques family as we know it today. Those who adopted the surname include Henriques Dias Milao-Caceres' son, Paulo (Moses) de Milao, his daughter Beatriz (married to Alvaro Dinis Yachia Eanes), and his grandson, Reuben Eanes (son of Beatriz).
                                                                                   
There were formerly communities in Spanish Town, Falmouth, and Montego Bay, but the only one remaining is that of Kingston where the majority of the island's 300 Jews lived in 1990, and 200 today.  There is little choice for them but to intermarry today.  They have been one of the world's oldest Jewish community, so they will either leave or assimilate.  The island is about 90% Black.  If someone says they had a white great grandfather, he most likely was Jewish.
                                                             
Richard "Dick" Bogle
I was interested in Jamaica when a Black friend of mine from high school, Richard Bogle,  told me about his family's history.  His ggrandfather, Richard Bogle,  had been born on the island to a native woman and a sea captain.  I had started to be very interested in genealogy and soon found a sea captain by the surname of Bogle.  In doing searches, I found many Jewish names.  I believe his ancestor left the island at age 12 and by that time, Blacks were freed, which was way before this happened in the United States.  England at that time was progressive.  His ancestor stowed away on a ship and reached Missouri, hopped on a famous wagon train and got out to California, panned for gold and struck it rich, opened a bank and loaned money.  Dick, my friend, became a policeman, then detective, and wound up as a TV news personality in our town which led to becoming an important member of the city council.  His family genealogy.  was so interesting that I wanted to see it made into a movie.

Resource: http://www.aish.com/jw/s/Jews-of-Jamaica.html?s=mm
The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia
http://www.timesofisrael.com/jamaican-jews-see-intermarriage-conversion-as-their-future/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henriques_family
http://www.heymannfamily.com/Heyman%20Family/Ancestors%20Web%20Pages/The%20Family%20de%20Milao.htm  on Henrique.
http://www.oregonlive.com/portland/index.ssf/2010/02/dick_bogle_pioneering_african.html

Saturday, June 4, 2016

Anti-Semitic European Statistics in Today's End of Times Days

Nadene Goldfoot                                                      
75 years ago, The Sherif of Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini met
with Hitler in Germany  to discuss getting rid of Jews.  Nazism has
been captivating anti-Semites of all countries to this day..  
        
In the past 136 years, from when Russian Jews were escaping constant pogroms and taking the initiative to brave the waters and get to Palestine, their original home of Judah, to day, we see we are heading right for the anti-Semitism found in the 1930's for the same old reasons plus one new one.

Europe is not winning any battle against this upheaval of anti-Semitism.  Their situation has changed with an abundance of Muslim refugees entering their lands of Sweden, France, Germany, England, etc.  I'm afraid they've brought no only their children but their attitude towards Jews and Israel.
                                                                         
At the end of 2013, Europe's European Union's Fundamental Right's Agency did a sweeping survey of Jews living in Europe.
                                                                 
1. 66 2/3%  Jews found anti-Semitism affecting them.
2. 75% of Jews said anti-Semitism had worsened since 2008. This was an increase in the past 5 years.
3. 50%of all European Jews fear being victims of anti-Semitic rhetoric.
4. 50% of all European Jews fear being the victim of physical assaults.
5. 25%  of all European Jews avoid Jewish sites because of fear of attacks.
6. 60 % of all European Jews heard or saw someone anti-Semitic claiming the Holocaust was either an exaggeration or was a downright myth.
7. 66 2/3% of all European Jews violently assaulted were too afraid to report the crime to local police.
8. 84% more French anti-Semitic attacks on Jews since the murder of 4 Jews in the kosher supermarket in Paris, reported by Service de Protection de la Communaute Juive (SPC). 

                                                             NEWSPAPERS

1. The Guardian newspaper reported that anti-Semitic attacks in UK are at the highest level ever recorded.
2. The Jewish Telegraph Agency reported of anti-Semitic attacks in France climbed 84%E AFTER the Kosher shop killings.
3. The Business Insider reported about Hungary's anti-Semitic Jobbik Party spreading across Eastern Europe.
4. The Atlantic asked in print, "Is it time for the Jews to leave Europe?  The answer would have to be, to where? and that would of course be Israel, for it's very hard for Jews to get into other places.  The Syrians are first in line and not exactly welcome anywhere, either.
                                                                                     
Anti-Semitic act in Jewish cemetery in France, 2010. 

                                                              A Few of the ACTS OF VIOLENCE
1. Malma, Sweden:  has been the site of many acts of violence against it's Jewish population who came there looking for refuge from WWII. Many of  the 3rd generation of Jews have fled to Israel after much anti-Semitic acts.  I've been writing about this situation in several articles.

2.  Paris, France:  A 13 year old Jewish boy just outside of his school was viciously beaten and taunted by a group of nasty thugs calling out, "Take that, dirty Jew."
                                                                               
 4 young men killed in Paris Supermarket 
3. Paris France:  The kosher supermarket where anti-Semitic killings took place after the terrorist attack at the Charlie Hebdo newspaper.  They killed 4 Jews before the police killed the gunman.

4. Brussels, Belgium, where so much trouble has been brewing lately, the Parliament received a letter accusing Jews of being "thieves, murderers, liars and degenerates."

5. Amsterdam, Netherlands:  where Sephardic Jews left to live in New Amsterdam, America, which became New York: Elderly Holocaust survivors, Diana and Shmuel Blog,  were attacked verbally and beaten by 2 men who said to them, "Dirty Jews, you don't need your jewelry anymore.  You've been wearing it for too long.  Now it's all ours."

6 Copenhagen, Denmark: During a bat mitzvah (girl) celebration at the Jewish Community Center near the Great Synagogue, the security guard, Dan Uzan age 37, was shot and killed by an Islamic jihadist.  Evidently this was not a robbery but about murdering a Jew to cause fear.

7. Manchester, England,  major city in the northwest of England, where writer Victor Sharpe has told of seeing  growing anti-Semitism every time he visited his mother,  4 teen-aged  Jewish lads were attacked by 4 anti-Semites which left the 17 year old in hospital with a brain hemorrhage.  A hate attack.  London's new mayor is Muslim.  "Sadiq Khan is excusing Muslim terrorism as some punishment from G-d Almighty on a non-Muslim population, as if people, (Jews)  deserve it.  You just cannot excuse such terrorism.  He's getting away with it.  Now he's in a seat of power as a Mayor. Is he going to stop anti-Semitism in London? Time will tell.  

8.  St. Polten, Austria:  A Jew  outside a mall wearing a Star of David was violently assaulted by thugs who called him a F***ing Jew.  A hate attack.

9.  Zurich, Switzerland; land of people who haven't mixed into wars, has a neo- Nazi rock group.   Amok, one of their members, spat in the face of a Jewish man who was leaving a synagogue.  Amok shouted, "Heil Hitler!"  Is this "freedom of speech"  or is it hate speech.  I'd say hate speech that will undoubedly lead to other actions.  

10. Warsaw, Poland:  where thousands of Jews were slaughtered in WWII, Poland passed a ban on kosher meat, and has said it is now illegal to kill or sell such.  So now vandals desecrated the fence outside the Jewish cemetery.  Good thing there was a fence or they would have tipped or and broken the headstones as well, as other places have found.  Why the ban on kosher meat?  It's a way of killing cows that is the most humane with the least amount of pain if any.  Poles marked their anniversary of the decision from their Constitutional Tribunal with this announcement. They're not trying to spread Vegetarianism or even Veganism.  They're just against Jews living in Poland.  The records show that there were more than enough Poles helping the Nazis during WWII in rounding up Jews and other matters.

11. Grassina, Tuscan, Italy, where Jews who could went to escape the Holocaust and perhaps board a ship for Palestine, anti-Semitic vandals spray-painted "Jews to the gas," and painted swastikas on the Jewish Community Center.  Younger Italian Jews in 2015 were planning to most likely leave. The old cannot, and will stay.  This is the situation.  Older people have the hardest time picking up and leaving a country.  They become victims.  Jews in Italy have lived there since Biblical times.

12. Bilbao, Spain in the north,:  A Jewish teenager was attacked by a gang of neo-Nazis who carved swastikas into his arm. The attackers kicked and punched the teen after carving a swastika and the number 88 into his arm with a razor blade."

We may be only 0.02% of the world population, with 6 million living in Israel and about 6 million in the USA, but the rest are spread over European countries and South Africa and different islands and South America.  There are good people in over 100 countries on 6 continents who are not anti-Semites, but Europe is just not doing the job, and most  the remaining 2 million Jews live in Europe since we have about  only 14 million in the world.   This anti-Semitism is reaching a boiling point which makes the present time the most dangerous for Jews living there since WWII.  Complacency leads to disaster, and I don't see many making a move to correct this situation in Europe.
                                                                             
The EU (European Union) has a Parliament President, Martin Schults.  They have a European Commission President, Jean-Claude Juncker.  They have a European Council President, Donald Tusk.  They must do everything possible to prevent more anti-Semitism in Europe.  What's odd is that the Arabs have not wanted Jews back home in what was being called "Palestine."  However, it's now with their help that European Jews are fleeing to Israel from persecution once more, like they were being treated by the Nazis and by the Russian pogromists.  It's the story of our history.  We do indeed need our one and only state of Israel.

 Resource: World Jewish Congress, American Section, New York, NY, USA
http://jewishbubba.blogspot.com/2013/05/malmo-sweden-and-anti-semitism-goes.html
http://jewishfactsfromportland.blogspot.com/2013/07/ongoing-hatred-in-malmo-sweden-for.html
http://jewishfactsfromportland.blogspot.com/2012/05/viciousanti-semitism-in-malmo-sweden.html
http://jewishfactsfromportland.blogspot.com/2012/03/anti-semitism-in-sweden-tennis-davis.html
http://jewishbubba.blogspot.com/2015/02/timeline-anti-semitism-in-europe.html
http://jewishbubba.blogspot.com/2014/01/europes-anti-semitism-lying-fallow-has.html
http://jewishbubba.blogspot.com/2013/04/attack-of-orthodox-jewish-man-on-new.html In New York
http://jewishbubba.blogspot.com/2016/05/how-londons-first-muslim-mayor-uses.html
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/religion/11345643/Paris-shootings-anti-Semitism-Its-OK-to-blame-Jews-again.html
http://www.cnn.com/2016/02/17/opinions/europe-anti-semitism-thriving-oren/, by Michael Oren.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antisemitism_in_Europe
http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/200402, Manchester, England attack 9/7/2015
http://www.jpost.com/Diaspora/Neo-Nazis-gang-carves-attacks-Spanish-teen-cares-swastika-into-arm-415478

.  .  





Syria-Palaestina, How It Got the Name of Palestine

Nadene Goldfoot
                                                                         
Herodotus, b: 484 BCE in
 
HalicarnassusCaria (modern-day BodrumTurkey
When people talked about "Palestine,"  what were they talking about?

From the time of Herodotus, Greeks had been calling the Jewish Homeland "Syria-Palaestina" or as we called it, Palestine from the Philistines, enemies of the Jewish people such as King Saul and King David.  "The first clear use of the term Palestine to refer to the entire area between Phoenicia and Egypt was in 5th century BC E Ancient Greecewhen Herodotus wrote of a "district of Syria, called Palaistinê" in The Histories, which included the Judean mountains and the Jordan Rift Valley In the treatise Meteorology . 
                                                                       
The Philistines had been a thorn in the side of the family of Abraham ever since the first period.  They came in waves.   They believed in multiple gods, and Dagon, seen in the form of statue, was the leading one. Others were Astarte and Baal.  The Canaanites of the land were using their gods as well.   Canaanite religion was polytheistic, and in some cases monolatristic. Dagon was also their god.  "
  • Dagon, god of crop fertility and grain, father of Ba'al Hadad

1. Pre-patriarchal period and settled south of Beersheba in Gerar where they conflicted with Abraham and Isaac.   Could have been slightly different from the following Philistines that entered later.                                                              
Rameses II 
2. Second period:  They came from Crete (Greek island, probably the biblical Caphtor) after being repulsed from Egypt by Rameses II in 1194 BCE.  They seized the southern coastal area of Palestine where they founded 5 principalities of 1. Gaza, 2. Ascalon (Ashkelon) , 3, Ashdod, 4. Ekron, 5. Gath of which Achish was king, friend of David.  By nature, they were a fighting people.  They dominated parts of Judah in the period of the Judges.  King Saul at first won battles but was ultimately defeated.  King David ended their era of domination and overran Philistia. (Read Samuel I.)

Note: It was in the ancient Egyptian city of Raameses in the Nile Delta where Jacob and his family settled, told in Gen. 47:11, 27.  Their descendants were compelled to build storehouses for the Egyptian king.  Raameses was the point of departure for the Exodus.
                                                                         
Moses and Ten Commandments (5 things to do and 5 things not to do.)
 1-5: one G-d, no other G-ds, G-d name sacred, Shabbat-day of rest; honor parents
6-10: not to murder, commit adultery, steal, bear false witness,  nor covet anything.
Imagine what people were like before this list of 10 rules to follow.   
Note: Moses led the Exodus from Egypt at age 80 for 40 years, about from 1311 BCE to 1271 BCE and so entered Canaan in 1271 BCE, superceding the 2nd wave of Philistines by some 77 years by my math.  Philistines were not native Canaanites, but had been a Mediterranean people, thought to have originated from Asia Minor and Greek localities.

3. Third period: Persian and Greek Periods; foreign settlers from the Mediterranean islands, overran the Philistine districts.
                                                                                 
Herod, selected by the Romans to be King of Judea
4. Fourth Roman Period from 63 BCE. Roman invaded and took Syria.  " Herod the Great, Antipater's son, was designated "King of the Jews" by the Roman Senate in 40 BCE: "  So Roman soldiers were in the city of Jerusalem and thereabouts.  Judea had been overcome by Rome for a good 130 years before it fell to them in 70 CE.  That's at least 5 generations of Jews living under oppression.  They could only talk about their own state of Judea in their great great grandfather's days.  It would be like Jews in 1950 talking about their great great grandparents of 1820.  Note how time had changed between just 130 years!  From covered wagons to automobiles and planes for us in this time change, but for our biblical ancestors, not much could have changed except their thinking.

From 6 CE, Rome had become the administrators of Judea, Samaria and Idumea.  .

Judah's " revenue was of little importance to the Roman treasury, but it controlled the land and coastal sea routes to the bread basket Egypt and was a border province against the Parthian Empire because of the Jewish connections to Babylonia (since the Babylonian exile). The capital was at Caesarea (Maritima), not Jerusalem."
                                                                       
Roman Emperor Hadrian (117-138 CE) gave the name officially to the former land of Judah in 135 CE after fighting General Bar Kokhba for 3 years who had re-taken Jerusalem.  He did this out of anger to get even with the Jews.  He also renamed Jerusalem as Aelia Capitolina. This emperor decided to Hellenize the land and had outlawed circumcision amongst other things,  which brought on the rebellion of the Jewish General (Aluf) Bar Kokhba and the war from 132-135.  After winning against the Jews, he received the title of Imperator.  Judea was made a consular province called SYRIA-PALAESTINA.  .  The ruins of Jerusalem were re-built into a pagan city and a statue of Hadrian was erected on the site of THE HOLY OF HOLIES , the inner sanctum which was the most sacred place in the temple, meant only for Aaron and following Cohen  priests.
                                                                       
1920 Palestine
A state of Palestine?  Never.  At the time of the end of World War I in 1917, the Ottoman Empire, who fought against the allies with the Germans, were the losers, and thus lost all their land to the allies.  This was a WORLD-WIDE WAR, and the allies had already decided to give this land to the Jews who had been in meetings with them about it.  Most of the land had no value to anyone.  It was hot there, and either swampy, full of weeds, or a dry desert.  Not many people lived there.  There were Jews whose ancestors had never left after the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE.  Then there were more recent Jews who had come mainly from Russia in the 1880s and on, who were building up the land and creating Tel Aviv.   There were Bedouins riding camels and horses, the Princes of the desert, who were mainly raiders of others, and only a few bedraggled landowners who had had a hard existence with the Ottoman Empire representatives who picked up tax money from them.
                                                             
Mehmed VI, last Sultan of Ottoman Empire
from 1918 to 1922
Who were Palestinians?  From the end of WWI to May 14, 1948 when Israel was announced as being born, both Jews and Arabs were Palestinians.  Jews had lost Judea and Arabs had lost nothing but the Ottoman Empire's holdings, and they were only subjects of the Ottoman Empire.  It was the Turks who were working for the Empire and had been for the past 400 years.  .

Resource: The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philistines (religion).
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judea_(Roman_province)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Canaanite_religion#Pantheon
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mehmed_VI
Update: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_name_%22Palestine%22#cite_note-FOOTNOTEJacobson1999-9
Read:  THE Settlers by MEYER LEVIN,  an epic novel following a family's return to the Jewish homeland-once Palestine, now Israel, always Eretz Yisroel.  Set in Palestine at the turn of the century to the Balfour Declaration, covers 1/4 of a century.  Turkish overlords, Jewish pioneers, Arabs.

Thursday, June 2, 2016

BDS Founder and Lobbyist for BDS, Omar Barghouti

Nadene Goldfoot                                        

This nice-looking 52 year old Omar Barghouti, born in 1964 in Qatar, is a co- founder and lobbyist for BDS against Israel.  His comment on this is, "Definitely, most definitely, we oppose a Jewish state in any part of "Palestine."  

BDS is a calculated and cynical strategy based on lies about Israel.  It's just another missile they are dropping on the whole 8,000 square miles which is only 20% of the original accepted size of the Jewish Homeland by the League of Nations and the UN by all the members.  As you see, Barghouti doesn't even recognized Israel.  He still calls the land the Roman name of Palestine. and is opposed to its existence.
                                                                         
Israeli girl enjoying Tel Aviv's beach. Barghouti is even against exporting
Israeli dance groups for culture.  No one can work for Israel and
 no one can enjoy anything from Israel.  That's BDS.

Tel Aviv-Warmer than Seaside, Oregon for sure.  Friday, June 3rd is to be 90 Degrees, 72
for a low.  Perfect for a dip in the Mediterranean Sea.  Shabbat will go up to 94
and 74 for a low.  This is in F.  Humidity is 60%.  
  Why would this Qatarian-born engineer want to follow the Muslim Brotherhood and Hamas's charter of not accepting the only Jewish state in the world from being whence it came from?  He grew up in Egypt and when an adult, moved to Jaffa, which could have been in 1985, when I returned to the USA from Israel.   

Jaffa is joined with Tel Aviv.  It had been a Jewish port at the time of Jerusalem's take-over by the Romans in 70 CE.  Arab riots forced Jews to move to Tel Aviv, founded as a suburb of Jaffa.  In 1946 the population of Jaffa was 101,000 of which 30% were Jews.  The Arab sections of Jaffa capitulated on May 14, 1948 when Israel announced its birth, and almost all the Arabs then left, their places being taken by new immigrants.  Finally, Jaffa was joined with Tel Aviv into one city called Tel Aviv-Jaffa.  The port was closed in 1965.  One quarter has become an artists' colony, similar to the one in Safed.
                                                                             
Caterpillar tractor Co outlawed in BDS in Israel.  
He has the chutzpa to be studying at Tel Aviv University.  He has a master's degree in philosophy (ethics) from the university already, and is working on a PhD.  He had already received his master's in electrical engineering from Columbia University in New York,  USA.   It is notable that though there has been a petition with over 184,000 signatures to be expelled for his BDS goal, the university has refused.    His comment to the Associated Press was that "Palestinians cannot possibly observe the same boycott guidelines as asked of internationals, and that indigenous population is entitled to all services they can get from the system."

Evidently Barghouti touts that his parents were Palestinians, which is a lie.  His parents live in Jordan.  His parents were shocked when he left the United States where he lived as an adult and took his wife to live in Ramallah in 1993. It's possible his grandparents were some of the Arabs from surrounding states that entered "Palestine"  in the 1880's, coming because Russian and Romanian Jews had returned escaping the Pogroms of Russia and deciding that after 2,000 years, it was time to return to their homeland.  They had joined Jews whose ancestors had  never left the land, Sabras, and were building Tel Aviv, and the Arabs needed work, so came and worked for them.  Whereas the Bible is the history of Jews living in the Jewish homeland of Israel, showing the world that they were there, and following history has recorded the Roman occupation that caused the destruction of the Temple and of Jerusalem, the Palestinians have no such record of ever having a state of Palestine.  Palestine was the name the Romans gave to Israel in 135 and they had beaten the Jewish General,  Bar Bakhba after a 3 year war over Jerusalem.  They were so angry that they named the land after the ancient  Jewish enemies, the Phillistines.
                                                                         
1920's map of the Jewish Homeland out of Palestine.  Israel was to be 120,466 sq km which is
46,512.1826 miles.  What Jews got is an  Israel of  8,000 sq. miles, 20% of the promised land.  
Ruled by a slew of different emperors, the land finally had been under the Ottoman Empire for 400 years, and the Turks lost it to the Allies by siding with the Germans in WWI.  In 1917 it was under British mandate, and it had been decided to be land of the Jewish Homeland once again.

He opposes the 2 state solution and calls Israel an apartheid state, saying, "from now on, it will be acceptable to compare Israel's apartheid system to its South African predecessor.   As a consequence, proposing practical measures to punish Israeli institutions for their role in the racist and colonial policies of their state will no longer be considered beyond the pale."   He is really stubborn, as it is proven over and over that there is no comparison between the Palestinians and the Blacks of South Africa.  Israel has been the opposite of being apartheid.  He nevertheless, holds to his lie.

Samir El-Youssef, born in 1965,  thinks that Barghouti's "true peace based on justice" is that Israel must be punished, brought down to its knees, before a Palestinian is allowed to greet an Israeli in the street.  Samir El-Youssef is a Palestinian-British writer and critic, who was born in Rashidieh, a Palestinian refugee camp in southern Lebanon, where he lived until he was ten, before moving to Sidon, Lebanon. "  Ending the Israeli "occupation" in the "West Bank" (Judea and Samaria) will not end the BDS movement actions because the majority of Palestinians are refugees who live in exile and have a right to return to live in Israel. or Palestine, as they would rename it" he said. 

Barghouti has written a book which Joel Fishman of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs  read for a review and discovered that he felt that Palestinians had inalienable right to the land, while those rights of the Jews had been acquired, no matter that Jews had received international recognition.  According to Barghouti, Palestinians have more equal rights than Jews.  Historically, Barghouti is way off, as this is not true at all.  Needless to say, there never has been a state of Palestine.  The Palestinians were people living on the land after 135 CE, both Arab and Jew; people who had been under the Ottoman Empire, and Jews had never left the land.  There as always been Jews living on the land.  

How is it that so many universities full of college-aged students who should be learning to do research for papers, etc, and countries  go along with this BDS act which is completely anti-Semitic?  It's not based on any historic truth.  Even the New York Daily News in February 2013 responded to Barghouti's published opinion piece supporting his own Boycott, divestment and Sanctions movement, came out with an editorial saying that Barghouti was a skilled propagandist and that he piled falsehood upon falsehood to present Israel as relentlessly oppressing Palestinians in violation of human decency and held Israel completely responsible for the ills afflicting them.  The newspaper told that what Barghouti wanted was a secular democratic state built on an influx of ARABS who come to dominate the population and vote on an end to Israel as a Jewish nation.        
                                                                 Roberta P. Seid, PhD. Dr. Roberta P. Seid, an historian, is Education & Research Director of StandWithUs and has taught a course on Israel at the University of California, Irvine. 

Roberta Seid described his speech at UCLA as bringing hate and was an anti-Israel show.. A rabbi, perhaps not a member of J Street, , stormed out declaring, "This is anti-Semitic!"  The rabbi had wanted to challenge Barghouti's statement  about Jewish communities and was turned down.  Roberta noted that Barghouti also denied a right to self-determination of the Jewish people.  He said that Jews were not a people and denied that they had collective rights.                                                                           
What Palestinian Arabs have been teaching in their schools.  

 Barghouti stated: that" BDS is a non-violent human rights movement that seeks freedom, justice and equality for the Palestinian people, based on international law and universal principles of human rights.  As such, BDS has consistently and categorically rejected all forms of discrimination and racism, including anti-Semitism as well as dozens of racist laws in Israel." 

The destruction of the BDS movement is actually harming the Palestinians that they say they are helping.  On February 29, SodaStream, an Israeli company, had to shut down their factor in Judah and let go its last 75 Palestinian workers.  The BDS had a ferocious campaign against SodaStream and its spokeswoman, Scarlett Johansson.  The company, in Ramallah,  had 1,300 workers, 500 of which were Arabs  from Judea.   They had been treated well by the fair-minded Israeli firm and now are out of work.  It's isn't like there are other places to work, there.  SodaStream moved to the Negev Desert  area. 
                                                                               
 Ramallah was the city SodaStream was located in, which is 10 km (6 miles) north of Jerusalem at an average elevation of 880 meters above sea level.  Think; 6 miles from Jerusalem and this is Judah, the ancient site of Israel.  Many people can walk for 6 miles.  It's 5 minutes by car.  This close, and Jews are suffering from BDS because some Jews chose to live there.  " Ramallah was part of the West Bank territory taken by Arab forces in the first of the Arab-Israeli wars (1948–49) and subsequently annexed by Jordan. That's how it did not come into Israel in 48.  Situated on the crest of the Judaean Hills at an elevation of 2,861 feet (872 metres) above sea level, Ramallah, with its fine summer breezes, has long been a popular resort site.  According to the special census of the West Bank taken by Israel in 1967, Ramallah’s population was 12,134, only slightly more than half Christian, while that of Al-Bīrah, including a large refugee camp, was 13,037. Pop. (2005 est.) Ramallah and Al-Bīrah, 62,800."  It has more than doubled.  

Florida is among the first states to reject BDS efforts who  want punitive actions against Israel.  They realize that what is needed is bilateral negotiations between Israel and the PA  This means Abbas has to come to the table, and how many times has he sided and melded himself to Hamas terrorism who are against Israel's existence?  Dozens by now.    

If you are one to believe what you are told, no matter what, that the sky is orange and not blue and you believe this, you are one prone to believe that BDS is okay.  Why is it that only a few people have realized that the BDS movement is harmful?  Why aren't  our students thinking and analyzing facts?  What is it that the universities are teaching?  Mind control?  I've given up thinking that Barghouti is learning anything at the university in Israel.  He must be just thinking about his future vision of Israel; Palestinian take-over and teaching his ideas in class, instead.  

Our Congress has a  bill written to combat BDS Act of 2016.  I hope it passes.  Then states can stand up and be against such a weapon.  The decision will be most interesting when it reaches President Obama's desk.  Will he sign?  Our congress is divided and at least half follows in his footsteps.  This is how many of our representatives , senators a way to fight against BDS and its goal of eliminating the one and only Jewish state.  Don't be deceived by it's leader's goals of doing just this.  
Any relation?  Marwan Hasib Ibrahim Barghouti, born in 1959,  is a Palestinian political figure convicted and imprisoned for murder by an Israeli court. He is regarded as a leader of the First and Second Intifadas.  Israeli authorities have called Barghouti a terrorist, accusing him of directing numerous attacks, including suicide bombings, against civilian and military targets alike. Barghouti was arrested by Israel Defense Forces in 2002 in Ramallah .  He was born in Kobar, west bank of Jordan- no doubt our ancient  Judah.  He was a member of Fatah.    Wikipedia

Mustafa Barghouti, born 1954,  is a Palestinian doctor and activist in that he was a member of al Mubadara-General Secretary of Palestine National Initiative.  He graduated from Stanford.  He was a member of the PLO as well.  One source has described him as being born in Bait Rima on the West Bank, although Barghouti himself has said that he was born in Jerusalem.  Barghouti's family is from Bani Zeid, a village about 15 miles from Ramallah, neit Birzeit. He grew up in Ramallah and his father was the municipal engineer for the nearby village of Al-Bireh.   Barghouti has said that his family “has always been very political, very active,” noting that under the Mandate, his grandfather and great-uncle “were jailed by the British.” He has said that he “grew up surrounded by internationalist, progressive literature,” and has described his family’s politics as always being “shaped by opposition to social injustice, rather than by nationalism.” His father, he has noted, “used to speak to us of his Jewish comrades in Tiberias or Acre.” 



The BDS movement was launched on July 9, 2005 when a broad alliance of more than 170 Palestinian political parties, trade unions, refugee networks, NGOs and grassroots associations published an open boycott call to international civil society organizations and people of conscience. It called to “impose broad boycotts and implement divestment initiatives against Israel similar to those applied to South Africa in the apartheid era,” Barghouti says. “Today, the global BDS movement is led by the largest coalition in Palestinian society, the BDS National Committee (BNC).”

Resource: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omar_Barghouti
AJC Global Jewish Advocacy on BDS, David Harris www.ajc.org/actnow
http://www.dafka.org/news/index.php?pid=4&id=1120
The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/01/sodastream-lays-off-last-palestinian-workers-after-leaving-west-bank
http://www.algemeiner.com/2016/05/31/sodastream-ceo-to-improve-your-companys-sales-get-attacked-by-bds-movement/
http://jewishfactsfromportland.blogspot.com/2014/02/oxfams-part-in-boycotting-goods-from.html
http://israel-nadene.blogspot.com/2011/01/security-barrier-in-judea-samaria.html  I mentioned a Mustafa Barghouti in this article.  Any relation?