Sunday, August 28, 2016

Part of Lost Ten Tribes Found in Jerusalem

Nadene Goldfoot                                                                       
From 1200 to 1050 BCE. Joshua followed the plan as to where they would
reside, but it changed somewhat in later periods. from Joshua
2nd Census taken by Moses was:
Reuben-43,730,      Simeon-22,200
        Issachar-64,300       Zebulun-60,500     
Dan-64,400     Naphtali-45,400
Gad-40,500     Asher-53,400
Ephraim-32,500     Manasseh-52,700
               Benjamin-45,600        JUDAH-76,500                   

The American Indians were once thought to be descended from the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel; and evidence supporting this theory is still being cited today.  The Mormons have believed this theory as well as others.  DNA shows that there is a a connection, but isn't completely true.

The Lost Ten Tribes originated from Jacob's 12 sons by 4 different women; 2 wives and their 2 handmaidens.  Jacob was a direct descendant of Abraham, whose Y dna haplotype (male line only) would have shown he was a J1.  This is the name of their branch on the tree of humanity which traces the line from father to son, to son, etc.  The 2 tribes that were not taken by the Assyrians in 721 BCE were Judah, the largest tribe and part of Benjamin.  Judah's name is the origin of Jews; the Jewish people of today.  Then 10 other tribes were from northern Israel and Judah was the southern most of Israel which later broke off and created their own state of Judah after King Solomon died in 920 BCE.
                                                                                   
" By the mid-ninth century B.C., the Assyrian menace posed a direct threat to the small Syro-Palestine states to the west, including Israel and Judah."  The Assyrians were some of the cruelest people on earth. "Assyria had emerged as a territorial state in the 14th century B.C. Its territory covered approximately the northern part of modern Iraq. The first capital of Assyria was Assur, located about 150 miles north of modern Baghdad on the west bank of the Tigris River. The city was named for its national god, Assur, from which the name Assyria is also derived."  Assyrian reliefs of the day that have been uncovered show prisoners of Assyrians being led through the street like dogs with ropes attached to rings inserted in the septum of their nose.  In other reliefs, parading Assyrians are holding Hebrew prisoners aloft, impaled on Assyrian spears. (http://faculty.uml.edu/ethan_Spanier/Teaching/documents/CP6.0AssyrianTorture.pdf)
                                                                         
The usual Assyrian practice towards the captive 10 Tribes was to deport much of the upper classes of Israel and then they would settle other people in their place.  Those who remained would intermarry with the newcomers, and out of this came the Samaritans.  Samaritans said they were descended from the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh (c. II Chron. 34:9, Jer. 41:5) with the admixture of non-Israelite colonists.  Those who were deported were never heard from again.

Assyria itself was an ancient state of Western Asia of people who were also Semites..  They had had an aggressive kingdom from the time of the 20th century BCE.  They had expanded quickly in the 13th and 10th centuries BCE.  King Hosea of Israel in 726 BCE tried to throw off the yoke of Assyria which led to their King Shalmaneser V's siege of Samaria and its capture in 721 by his successor, Sargon.
                                                            
Sargon was King of Assyria from 721-712 BCE.  He seized the throne on the death of Shalmaneser III during the siege of Samaria which he brought to a successful conclusion, exiling many of the inhabitants.  In 720, he defeated the military alliance which included the remnants of the Israelites of Samaria.  His reign was marked by a series of victories.  Then he was assassinated and succeeded  by Sennacherib.  

 Sargon annexed the country, deported 27,290 Israelites to Assyria and Media, and replaced them with Syrian and Babylonian prisoners.
                                                                               
Sargon II greeting a dignitary to Assyria 
In 1975, Dr.Magen Broshi, an archaeologist at the Israel Museum, discovered that many Israelites had fled south into the neighboring Kingdom of Judah in order to escape the Assyrian onslaught.  They had melded with their Hebrew cousins and kept their Hebrew identity.

He understood this by  findings that Jerusalem went through a large expansion during the 8th century BCE period.  Until then, it was confined to the ridge east of the narrow, central valley of the city called the Tyropoean Valley.  During this 8th century, the city exploded across the valley to the western ridge.  At the end of the 8th century, the archaeological evidence showed that the city had expanded to 3 or 4 times its former size.  Why?

Since 1968, due to regaining land from the 1967 attack by Jordan, Egypt and Syria and coming out of it the winner, Israel archaeologists were able to find this evidence of growth.  In 1970, Professor Nachman Avigad found a huge wall between 20 to 23 feet wide on the western ridge which he dated toward the end of the 8th century.  By that time, this section of the city was already enclosed by a wall.  Underneath this wall, so earlier than it, he found a structure which may date even earlier in the 8th century, showing that the western expansion of the city started before the building of the wall there.  More excavations west of the wall show us that by the end of the 8th century, Jerusalem had extensive suburbs outside the city wall.

Other excavations on the western ridge of the city which were in the Citadel, the Armenian garden and on Mount Zion, have also showed evidence of initial occupation during this period.  Dr. Broshi said, "that Jerusalem at about 700 BCE had mushroomed, historically speaking, overnight."  It cannot be explained by natural population growth or by normal economic growth.  It was a sudden, not a gradual expansion.

For millennia, the Jebusite city of Jerusalem had been confined to a small area on the eastern ridge. It was in the Middle Bronze Age of 2000 to 1550 BCE that the Canaanites first established themselves in the country and laid down the foundations of this city.  It was used as the capital of a Canaanite city state.  It seems to be the very same city of Salem that was ruled by Melchi-Zedek, priest of the most high "god" who was honored by Abraham in Genesis 14:18-19.  The Hyksos revolution left behind in Jerusalem elements of Hittite and Hurrite habitation.  In the Tel el Amarna Period of the 15th century BCE, the city was ruled by a king who was menaced by the Habiru invaders (us Jews)  so their king appealed to his pharaoh for help.  the Egyptians maintained a Cushite  garrison in Jerusalem at that time.  Joshua came along with Moses on the Exodus in about 1320 BCE and fought Adoni-zedek, Jerusalem's king and defeated him at Aijalon, but the city remained an independent enclave between the tribal areas of Benjamin and Judah.  In the 12th century, Jebus-Jerusalem kept its independence with Philistine help, until its capture by David in about 1010 BCE.
                                                                               
Jerusalem now became the capital of a united Israel as told in II Samuel 5:6-8.  Also, this is found in I Chronicles 11:4-6.  David dealt leniently with the Jebusites, a hill people of Canaan that was defeated by Joshua.  They were eventually assimilated into the Israelites.  David  established himself in the city, adding the fortress of Zion and also a House of Heroes for his guards.  He also built a tomb inside the city for himself and his dynasty.  By transferring the Ark of the Covenant there, David made Jerusalem the religious center of Israel.  By his conquest, he made it the capital of an empire reaching from the Red Sea to the Euphrates.   David's City was also limited.  Jerusalem is called Yerushalayim in Hebrew.  It is also called Zion after David's fortress, and is also known as the City of David.  In the Bible it is referred to as the city of righteousness, the faithful city, the city of G-d, the holy city, city of truth.  When it fell to the Romans in 70 CE, they called it Aelia Capitalina.  Arabs call it el-Kuds.
                                                               

It was King Solomon, David's son,  who expanded the city northward to include the area of the present Temple Mount.  This extra area was used mainly just for the Temple, Solomon's royal palace and an administrative area for government buildings.

Solomon died in 920 BCE, and from this time to the end of the 8th century BCE, almost 200 years, the city limits changed very little.  Then, toward the end of the 8th century, the city expanded by 3 to 4 times.  The population increased from about 7,500 to about 24,000!  Where did these people come from?

Dr. Broshi attributed this expansion to 2 big waves of immigration.  The 1st was a population flight from the northern kingdom of Israel as a result of the Assyrian conquest in 721 BCE.  According to his theory, a large number of the "lost tribes" took up residence in the newly settled parts of Jerusalem.  I would think that those closest to the Judean border would have been able to reach it and be part of the 16,500 population increase in Jerusalem overnight.  They would have been Dan, Benjamin, Reuben, Ephraim, Gad, and Manasseh.  Working northward, there was also Issachar, Zebulun, Asher, Naphtali and finally Manasseh of the NE quadrant.
                                                                           
Jerusalem in 1862
Population in 1838 rose from 11,000 (3,000 Jews) to
1910 and 68,000 (50,000 Jews).  New quarters built outside the Old City wall
were built by Sir Moses Montefiore from 1855.  By 1880s, Jerusalem was connected
with Jaffa by a railway line.  WWI interrupted building, population fell to 50,000.
December 1917-city was occupied by General Allenby, British army.   
The 2nd wave of immigration which is shown by the expansion of Jerusalem came later in the 8th century from the Judean territories.  It was a result of Sennacherib's invasion of Judah at the end of the 8th century.  Judah lost a lot of territory in the SW part of the kingdom to Assyria, which Assyria had then ceded to the Philistine city-states.  Many of the Judeans uprooted by this invasion also fled to Jerusalem.

What had been part of the Transjordan of King Abdullah, grandfather  of today's King Abdullah of Jordan,  were the Israelite tribes of Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh.  There also were the Cananite kingdoms of Sihon, Og, Ammon and Moab.  (Tanakh-Stone Edition).

In 1967 and 1968, Professor Moshe Kochavi of Tel Aviv University showed that almost half of the towns in the Judsean hills which were occupied during the Judean monarchy were founded during the century before the 1st Temple was finally destroyed in 587 BCE.  Other scholars have found that many sites in other parts of the Kingdom of Judah; the Negev, in the Judean desert and along  the Dead Sea, were first intensively settled in the 8th century BCE.  Dr. Broshi concluded that the Israelites from the northern kingdom fled not only to Jerusalem, but also to many other sides in Judea which remained untouched by the Assyrians.

In this way, large number of people from the so called Lost Tribes of Israel had melded into the society of their sister kingdom of Judah.

A similar population increase at these same sites also followed the loss of the western provinces of Judah at the end of the 8th century.
                                                                         
In getting back to the American Indians, today called the native Americans being connected to the 10 Lost Tribes, DNA shows that many are of the Q Y haplogroup, which originated in Siberia, Mongolia and parts of Turkey.  They are found not only in North America but also in the South American Indians.  My brother has the haplotype of Q1b1a, an Ashkenazi Jewish line found in Lithuania, Poland and Russia.  That means my brother, father, grandfather, etc all had this same Q1b1a tag.  Not only my brother but our found 3rd cousin, also a Goldfoot, has this tag so also sits on the same twig on the genealogy tree as well.  Other's may have the Q haplotype with slight variations, showing their connection.  How did the Q's become part of the Jewish 12 tribes of Israel when they should all be J1 or J2?

If a man does not produce sons, or his sons are killed before producing children, his line ends.  If he was part of a tribe, his line ended and probably a daughter's husband took over the leadership of the family tribe or clan.  Being it was the men that did most of the protecting, this would have easily happened.  Also, baby boys die more frequently than girl babies.  We girls are a little tougher in that way.  Thus, though J1 and J2 are the most prevalent DNA Y haplogroup for Jews, there are also other lines that are very common in the Jewish family;  E, I, Q, R.

So, in conclusion, many of Judah's Jews of Ashkenazim and Sephardim carry genes from many of the 12 tribes of Israel.  Probably, the majority are from Judah, but some should be from others as well.  The fact remains that Jerusalem was highly populated when the Romans destroyed the 2nd Temple in 70 CE and though some remained, more likely in a hidden state in other parts of the land, many, in order to survive, fled. We have to remember that a huge number of the population were attacked and killed, and others were starved to death.  The Assyrians had had competition in their reputation of savageness.  The Romans were, also.  From 721 BCE to 70 CE, little fury had changed towards Jacobs' 12 tribes.

Resource: Jewish digest December 1975, Found:  Part of the Ten Lost Tribes from THE BIBLICAL ARCHEOLOGY REVIEW  of Sept 1975, Vol. 1, #3 from Washington DC 20006.
 http://jewishfactsfromportland.blogspot.com/2010/01/what-haplogroup-we-be.html
The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia
The Jewish Connection by M. Hirsh Goldberg, page 106.





Monday, August 22, 2016

On Past USA Understanding of the Rights of Israel to Exist

Nadene Goldfoot                                                                          
April 24, 1920- Mandate of Palestine Britain was given the mandate for 30 years
Great Britain's Balfour Declaration said it was to be used as the Jewish Homeland.
Arabs attacked Israel first.  Jews did nothing to rile them except to just be there.  . 

The problem actually started in 1910 when Standard Oil began drilling for oil.  It changed the relationship of the USA with the Middle East.

Let's get this understood.  The Middle Easterners living in the Middle East who are made up mostly of Muslim Arabs, had been a part of the Ottoman Empire which existed for 400 years, ending with WWI.  Their error was in taking sides with Germany, Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria  who lost the war.  Thus, they lost their empire to the winners. They were up against the Allies, who were the British, France and Russia, Japan and the USA.
                                                                 
It was the bloodiest of all wars, called THE GREAT WAR.This terrible war started on July 28, 1914 and ended on November 11, 1918 when 28th President Thomas Woodrow Wilson was President (1913-1921)Democrat..   9 million soldiers and 7 million civilians were killed in this war, the most of any wars.  It involved 70 million and more military personnel and 60 million of them were Europeans.  Above is a 1917 British soldier.

Because it was the most  horrible and  humongous war of all time, the League of Nations was created on June 28, 1919  after WWI ended  who turned later into the United Nations on October 24, 1945 in Lake success, New York.  WWII started on September 1, 1939 in Europe and ended on September 2, 1945.  Both were world War events killing millions of people.  
                                                                               


Jews had decided that this was the time to have their own land again after being homeless for 2,000 years.  They went to Balfour who agreed with them and wrote up his Balfour Declaration giving them the right to resettle in Palestine and have their own Jewish Homeland once again.  This is the place of birth for the Jewish people where their spiritual, religious and national identity was formed.  No other place sparked the interest of any of them.  Their ancestors had prayed for 2,000 years to return to Jerusalem.  It was special for them as for no other people.  The land had laid in waste waiting for their return.  Now it was nothing; unwanted, unloved, untended for all these years. Not even the Muslims living there thought much of settling in this outpost of the Ottoman Empire.  They preferred Damascus.

"The Balfour Declaration was a letter dated 2 November 1917 from the United Kingdom's Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland. It read:
His Majesty's government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country. "
              On the contrary, the Arabs did all the attacking and the Jews had to defend themselves.  The Arabs themselves showed prejudice against the civil and religious right of the Jews!.  Jews were obeying the confines of the Balfour Declaration.  

The attitude of the Muslims was to attack Jews living in Jerusalem and other parts of Palestine, for there were Jews AND Arabs living there with passports that said, Palestine.  The Balfour Declaration had been accepted by the highest and most esteemed and educated Arab, Emir Feisal, and rejected by the then ruling Arab leader in Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini, called the Sherif of Jerusalem, or the Grand Mufti.  He was appointed to this position earlier by a British Jew!  Well, his powers were being challenged.  So he instigated the riots of 1929 in Jerusalem and caused Jewish deaths this way.

There had been a crisis in Palestine and the Ottoman Empire.  Muhammad Ali had taken over and occupied Syria and Palestine!

After WWI had started, "in 1915,  the British High Commissioner to EgyptHenry McMahon, had exchanged letters with Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca, in which he had promised Hussein control of Arab lands with the exception of "portions of Syria" lying to the west of "the districts of DamascusHomsHama and Aleppo".   Palestine lay to the southwest of the Vilayet of Damascus and wasn't explicitly mentioned.   After the war the extent of the coastal exclusion was hotly disputed.  Because of this assurance, "the Arab Revolt began on 5 June 1916." The War had only started and the British and French were already laying down plans for the Ottoman Empire.  They  also "secretly concluded the Sykes–Picot Agreement on 16 May 1916.   This agreement divided many Arab territories into British- and French-administered areas and allowed for the internationalization of Palestine.

So we have 2 deals going on over the same piece of land.  This created today's problem of the Arabs not accepting a Jewish state in their midst.  Then again, when the Jews lived in the original Israel-Judah, there were no Muslims; only old empires whose religion was polygamy.  

However, it must be remembered, that the Ottoman Empire were losers in a world-wide war.  They could not count on what was promised Hussein bin Ali of Mecca, Saudi Arabia!  

However, the Jewish state was voted on in the League of Nations and the United Nations and passed .  This recognition by the United Nations of the right of the Jewish people to establish their independent State may not be revoked.  It is moreover, the self evident right of the Jewish people to be a nation, as all other nations, in its own sovereign state once again.  This land holds their genes, their dna, history and families.  It was time that the Jews had erupted and sought their own government and also fought against their state of homelessness.  Please note that the Ottoman government had done nothing with Palestine except to send tax collectors and tax the Arab and Jewish people on the land.  
                                                                         UN Palestine Partition Versions 1947.jpg
Resolution 181 of the UN was that they " recommended on the 29th of November 1947  the creation of independent Arab and Jewish States and a Special International Regime for the city of Jerusalem."  The Jews accepted it, probably sadly, while the Arabs rejected it, not wanting Jews there at all.  The Jews were sad about it because what they had been promised had been lopped off by 80% and given to Abdullah of Saudi Arabia who became King of Jordan, and now the UN wanted to give away half of their remaining 20% of Palestine.  So they were to go quickly from 100% down to 10%.  

Now, 33rd President Harry S. Truman (1945-1953) Democrat  of the USA had been on Israel's side and voted for them in the UN vote.  Before that, President Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921)  tried to keep the USA out of the Middle East War of WWI , as England with their Sykes- Picot and France focused on dividing up the Middle East.  He was influenced by a desire to give the Jews their rightful place in the world.  He said, "My personal hope is that all the Jews will make good and eventually found a Jewish State."

David Ben Gurion, leader of Israel from May 14 1948 to May 16, 1948 when they declared the Jewish state of Israel, and then  Israel's first Prime Minister (1955 -1963) ,  replied "We, who seek to build a new land amid ruins and desolation, must see how the persecuted exiles from England founded a rich and mighty country singular in its resources and creative powers."  He was talking about the creation of the USA.  

One problem the Jews faced was the United States' lack of knowledge about the Middle East.  They were involved and had no idea of each group's ideals or goals.  The Americans had a struggle between short term strategic interests, like oil, and their own basic democratic ideals to live up to.  They were basically Israel's only real friend. One fear North Americans had was a civil war if Jews were showed favoritism.  

WWII broke out and Americans preserved the pro-vichy government and maintained the racist legislation against North African Jews.  The North Africans thought the USA would help drive out the French.  However, 32nd President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1933-1945) Democrat  had ordered a low profile survey of nationalist movement in the Middle East. Roosevelt was a Democrat, and he was president while Europe's Jews were being slaughtered by the Nazis of Germany.  Most American Jews, because of this man, became Democrats.  

The French feared that Jews would control the professions and business world of North Africa.  So Roosevelt suggested that Jews be restricted to small numbers in the legal and medical professions to eliminate competition for the Gentiles.  Though Jews may have had very high test results, they found they were turned down in medical school because of this % rule of only allowing a few into the schools.  This was the fear of Gentiles in Germany as well.  Jews on the whole are very bright, and the German Gentile complained of their successes.  Jews of today only make up 0.02% of the world population, and because more of their culture, which has produced very capable people, they are held not in esteem but in envy.  At least Einstein with an IQ of 180 was only held in awe though he was also Jewish.

Roosevelt's undersecretary of State, Sumner Welles, in his memoir wrote:  Roosevelt thought a Jewish state could be a model of social policy and help raise living standards throughout the Middle East, which he was in agreement with Emir Feisal, who thought the same.  Once a Palestinian Jewish commonwealth was created, "far reaching projects for irrigation, power development and the construction of communications" could be carried out.  Perhaps the Arab countries would find this an inducement and their people and leaders would" overcome racial antagonism."   Like the Germans, the Arabs in power were protecting their own power and position and not only were envious, but rioted and attacked Jews.  

34th President Dwight David Eisenhower (1953-1961)Republican was convinced that Allied forces couldn't show justice to the Jews AND win the war in the Middle East. "Many things done here that look queer are just to keep the Arabs from blazing up in revolt," he said.  American had a meandering, confused policy in the Middle East.  

35th President  John F. Kennedy (1961-1963)Democrat  was concerned about Dimona and Nasser of Egypt.  
36th President Lyndon Baines Johnson (1963-1969)Democrat a Texan, was concerned about religion, and saw Israel as a latter day Alamo.  He became involved in the Vietnam War and was president during Israel's 6 Day War of 1967.  

37th President Richard Milhous Nixon's (1969-1974) Republican main concern were the Soviets.  He said, "Israel is the most effective stopper to the Mideast power of the Soviet Union."  He helped stop the war of attrition.  "We want peace, and they, meaning the Soviets, want the Middle East."  He believed that an Israel that felt secure in its alliance with the USA would take the necessary risks for attaining peace.  He then authorized his Secretary of State, William P. Rogers, to mediate an end to fighting between Egypt and Israel and to pressure Israel to accept a territory for peace arrangement.  Israel's Prime Minister, Golda Meir,  wouldn't give up any territories gained in the 6 Day War for anything less than FULL PEACE!  She was of the Labor Party, and Netanyahu of the Likud party feels the same way.  So do most all Israelis.  

Henry KIssinger, Secretary of State for Nixon, asked Israel to save Jordan in 1970.  Kissinger had said, "The Europeans behaved like Jackals.  Their behavior was a total disgrace."  

38th President Gerald Rudolph Ford (1974-1977) had a "reassessment" of American policy towards Israel Plan.  Prime Minister Rabin of Israel mobilized AIPAC, the only Jewish Lobby Group, who got both houses of Congress to help Israel and the pressure caused Ford to drop the reassessment.  Ford was very uneducated on the Middle East.  

39th President James Earl Carter, Jr. (1977-1981) Democrat  has been the least moved by Israel in that he has written books against her and has taken the Palestinian side.  He's done more to harm Israel after being president than during that time.  His claim to fame is his idea that only Palestinians have legitiimate rights.  He cannot prove this with any facts.  The Palestinians are not a people, they are a mixed bag of from different Arab countries surrounding and further away the nation of Israel.  There has never been the nation of Palestine.  It's just the name the Romans gave to the land in 135 CE after a 3 year war with Jewish General Bar Kokhba who was up against the whole Roman Army and was outnumbered and died in battle.  

40th President Ronald Wilson Reagan (1981-1989) Republican,  had a very complex relationship with the Middle East.  He felt that oil was of paramount importance to the USA, so here we are.  He was religiously oriented with his wife who sought out seers.  In 1981 he sold AWACS surveillance aircraft.  He suspended the Strategic Cooperation Agreement when the Arabs protested the annexation of the Golan Heights to Israel.  However, he endorsed measures to strengthen Israel militarily and economically.  He assisted the Soviet and Ethiopian Jews to immigrate to Israel.  

He was president during the Osirak bombing of June 7, 1981 of the atomic plant of Syria by Israel.  He suspended the delivery of paid for jet fighters and allowed Secretary of State Jean Kirpatrick to support the UN condemnation of Israel.  So he ran hot and cold towards Israel.  It's said that Reagan was running circles in the Middle East.  Where did he stand?

41st President George Herbert Walker Bush (1989-1993) West Bank and Gaza were problematic to him and he wouldn't give Israel loans over it. " As vice president, he personally spearheaded Operation Joshua, the 1985 rescue of Ethiopian Jewry, and was involved in every step of the U.S. military's manning and execution of that mission. In 1991, America was a key to the success of Operation Solomon, which brought 14,000 more Ethiopian Jews to Israel. In 1991, the Bush administration succeeded in reversing the infamous U.N. resolution that equated Zionism with racism."

42nd President William Jefferson Clinton (1993-2001) He was involved in the 1993 Oslo Peace Accords and the Camp David Summit of 2000. "Yasser Arafat and Yitzhak Rabin signed the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government in Oslo, Norway.   This event is also seen by many people as the definitive end to the First Intifada  (although some argue it had effectively ended by 1991–1992). By 1993, the violence of the Intifada had claimed the lives of 1162 Palestinians and 160 Israelis."  All these measures ended in attacks on Israel, unsuccessful peace tries.   October 26, 1994-"With mediation provided by the United States, the Israel–Jordan Treaty of Peace was signed by Yitzhak Rabin and King Hussein. November 4, 1995- Prime minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated in Tel Aviv.  Shimon Peres assumed position of acting Prime Minister.  Killer was upset by give-away of land in peace agreement.    

43rd President George Walker Bush (2001-2009) He was for 2 states for 2 parties, but said rightly, "First thing is to convince all parties that the two states were necessary for peace." With Hamas terrorism ruling Gaza and the PA is nothing but Arafat's old PLO , there is no agreement between the now divided Arab Palestinians. 2006 2nd Lebanon-Israel War. " It was a 34-day military conflict in Lebanon, Northern Israel and the Golan Heights. The principal parties were Hezbollah paramilitary forces and the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). The conflict started on 12 July 2006, and continued until a United Nations-brokered ceasefire went into effect in the morning on 14 August 2006, though it formally ended on 8 September 2006 " Held Annapolis Conference on November 25, 2007-"It will also provide an opportunity for the Israelis, the Palestinians, and their neighbors to recommit to implementing the Roadmap, with the U.S. monitoring their progress by the parties' agreement. Finally, the conference will review Palestinian plans to build the institutions of a democratic state and their preparations for next month's donors' conference in Paris. It failed. 

44th President Barack Hussein Obama II 2009-2016)  He expected Netanyahu to return to the 1967 lines, which would put Jews  in harm's way.  He folded with Iran, allowing them the opportunity to create atomic power-thought to be used against Israel and USA.  HIllary Clinton was his Secretary of State.  September 14, 2010- Direct talks: A second round of Middle East peace talks between Israel and the Palestinian Authority concluded in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. September 2011Palestine Authority moved a resolution in UN for recognition of Palestine statehood, calling it a 'Palestine Spring."  November 2011- Palestine won membership of UNESCO while UN vote on statehood was put off amid no support from France and UK while USA had threatened to veto it.  March 2012 Gaza–Israel clashes. Gaza militants launched over 300 rockets, Grad missiles, and mortar shells into southern Israel, wounding 23 Israeli civilians. Israel retaliated with air strikes on Gazan weapons storage facilities, rocket launching sites, weapon manufacturing facilities, training bases, posts, tunnels and terror operatives, killing 22 militants.   4 Palestinian civilians died during the clashes, though some of their deaths were found to be unrelated to Israeli actions. June 12, 2014- 3 teenaged Israelis holding dual citizenship were killed while hitchhiking home from their religious schools in towns in Judea-Samaria by Arab terrorists.
 This started further fighting.  

45th President?  Clinton or Trump?  (2017-2020

Resource:  Notes from Hadassah 10/10/2010)
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balfour_Declaration
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Partition_Plan_for_Palestine
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Ben-Gurion
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/US%E2%80%93Saudi_Arabia_AWACS_Sale
http://www.mideastweb.org/israeldeclaration.htm
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/GHWBush.html
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/US-Israel/clintontoc.html
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/US-Israel/bushtoc.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Israeli%E2%80%93Palestinian_conflict

Friday, August 19, 2016

Changes In the USA's Politics Affecting Israel

Nadene Goldfoot                                   

In 2012, something most unworthy of the Democratic Party happened. President Obama said in 2008 that he was for change.  I cringed at those words and immediately thought of Israel.

 "Several pro-Israel sections of the 2008 Democratic Party platform have been removed from the 2012 platform—on Jerusalem, Palestinian refugees, and Hamas. The new platform represents another shift by the Obama Democrats toward the Palestinian position on key issues in the peace process."

"“Jerusalem is and will remain the capital of Israel” is  in a section that describes Mr. Obama’s policy toward the country. That sentence was in the 2008 platform, but the Democrats removed it in 2012, saying that they wanted to spotlight other elements of Mr. Obama’s policy and that the platform should reflect a sitting president rather than a candidate for office."  Sure.  The USA still has not accepted Jerusalem as Israel's capital.  Since 1967, Jerusalem was freed from the Jordanians who had attacked Israel with the Syrians and Egyptians, and they lost the gamble.  Israel withstood the affront and won the battle.  
                                                                     

" Obama administration’s policy of not recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and supporting its division" goes against everything our history tells us about ancient Israel and Judah. "Jerusalem is unmentioned in the 2012 document, whereas the 2008 and 2004 Democratic Party platforms declared “Jerusalem is and will remain the capital of Israel…It should remain an undivided city accessible to people of all faiths.” " Jerusalem was the capital after being captured by David in about 1010 BCE.  It's also called the City of David and Zion.  It was David who made it the capital of an empire reaching from the Red Sea to the Euphrates River.  For 2,000 years, since it was destroyed by the Romans in 70 CE, Jews have been praying to return to Jerusalem.  

It was Harry Truman, a Democrat, who recognized Israel as a state in 1948, and now, the Democrats can't even accept Jerusalem as their capital.  

In May of this year of 2016, 3 outspoken critics of Israel were named to the party's platform-drafting committee who most likely never will, either.
                                                                 
Cornel West, b: June 2, 1953 in Tulsa, Oklahoma
1. Cornel West:  Philosopher and professor emeritus at Princeton University.  He backs the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) against Israel.  Not only is he  "an American philosopher, academic, social activist, author, public intellectual, and prominent member of the Democratic Socialists of America",  but was "was Professor of African American Studies at Princeton."  He's known for his work on " the role of racegender, and class in American society and the means by which people act and react to their "radical conditionedness."    West draws intellectual contributions from multiple traditions, including Christianitythe black churchMarxismneopragmatism, and transcendentalism." In his youth, he admired "the sincere black militancy of Malcolm X, the defiant rage of the Black Panther Party [...] and the livid black theology of James Cone.  "  "He worked with such public figures as Louis Farrakhan and Al Sharpton, whose 2004 presidential campaign West advised." "West has described himself as a "non-Marxist socialist" (partly because he cannot reconcile Marxism with Christianity) ]and serves as honorary chair of the Democratic Socialists of America,"  He supported Bernie Sanders, another Socialist who ran on the Democratic ticket.  
                                                                                      
James Joseph Zogby b: 1945 in Utica, New York
2. James Zogby:  President of the Arab American Institute:    He backs the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) against Israel.  His credentials are that he  is the founder and president of the Arab American Institute (AAI), a Washington, D.C.–based organization which serves as a political and policy research arm of the Arab-American community. He is a Lebanese Arab who is a Christian Catholic.  "Zogby is a lecturer and scholar on Middle East issues and a Visiting Professor of Social Research and Public Policy at New York University Abu Dhabi." He's also a  "member of the Executive Committee of the Democratic National Committee. His father was an illegal Lebanese Catholic immigrant who was able to get on Obama's amnesty program.  "In a March 2008 e-mail to a television station which had aired an interview with Zogby,  Patrick Syring, a man who  was a career Foreign Service Officer of the U.S. State Department, accused Zogby and the Arab American Institute of "promoting the interests of HezbollahHamas and Arab terror.  Syring was sentenced July 11, 2008, to one year in prison for civil rights violations. He was released early on January 30, 2009.

                                                                          
Keith Ellison b: August 4, 1963 in Detroit, Michigan
3. Keith Ellison:  Minnesota Congressman since 2007. Ellison has been openly critical of Israel's treatment of the Palestinians, but never vice versa, for it is the Palestinians who are bombing Israel!   "Ellison was the first Muslim to be elected to the U.S. Congress.   He is also the first African American elected to the House from Minnesota. He had been born a Catholic but has converted to Islam. " In late March and early April 2007, Ellison was a member of a congressional delegation on a "fact-finding trip to the Middle East." The group he was in was led by then-Speaker Nancy Pelosi. The delegation visited the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and the Western Wall.   Ellison called his visit to Islam's third-holiest site, the Al-Aqsa Mosque, as "personally moving".  The group met with Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and discussed the peace plan devised by the Saudis in 2002.  The delegation also met with Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas

 During the 2006 election Nihad Awad, executive director of the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) and James Yee, the former Muslim chaplain at Guantanamo Bay, spoke at an August 25 fundraiser for Ellison.  Awad and Ellison knew each other as they attended the University of Minnesota Law School at the same time.   According to the Minneapolis Star Tribune, Ellison accepted individual contributions from Nihad Awad and another leader of CAIR[not specific enough to verify]; Ellison responded that he had fully disclosed all contributions and asserted that he had "nothing to hide.".  Ellison stressed that he was supported by individuals, and that the non-profit organization itself did not endorse his candidacy. It is thought that "CAIR was "a group that Democrats say has deep ties to terrorism."  So the Republican, Alan Fine, criticized him for accepting the contribution.  "As a law student in 1989 and 1990, Ellison wrote several columns under the name "Keith E. Hakim" in the student newspaper, the Minnesota Daily. Washington Post Staff Writer Alan Cooperman said that Ellison's articles "defended Farrakhan against accusations of anti-semitism," and that Ellison "called affirmative action a 'sneaky' form of compensation for slavery, suggesting instead that white Americans pay reparations to blacks."
                                                                                   
Bernie Sanders b: September 8, 1941 in Brooklyn, New York

Who named these 3 men to be on such a committee?  It was none other than the US Senator, Bernie Sanders, a self-described democratic socialist running on the Democratic ticket who lost out recently to Hillary Clinton.  Bernard "Bernie" Sanders is an American Independent politician, serving as the junior United States Senator from Vermont since 2007.   Sanders is the longest-serving independent in U.S. congressional history.  His connection to Israel was "in 1963, when Sanders and Deborah Shiling, whom he met in college, volunteered for several months on the Israeli kibbutz Sha'ar HaAmakim near Haifa in Northern IsraelThey married in 1964 and bought a summer home in Vermont; they had no children and divorced in 1966."  He's remained in Vermont ever since. 
                                                                                                               
     

 He's not a religious Jew and wasn't brought up as such, but did go through a bar mitzva.   I'm afraid he's like many other American Jews, "Sanders does not regularly attend any synagogue, and he works on Rosh Hashanah, a day when Jews typically take a holiday from work."  He's an assimilated Jew.    After living in Israel for over 5 years, I can honestly say that a 2 month stay on a kibbutz is not enough time to know much about Israel at all.  Bernie's actions show me that he is not one to support Israel.  After picking this threesome, one sees the affects of his assimilation.  The sad thing is that you don't have to be Jewish to support Israel, but you'd expect Jews, who are only 2% of the American population, to support her, in varying degrees, but to support her.  When one goes out of his way, like Noam Chomsky and Norman  Finkelstein to support the Palestinians instead, one has to wonder.  Then, Norman Finkelstein has said that he's through bashing Israel, but did for years.  
                                                                            

This is similar to the period after King Solomon died in 920 BCE, and Judah, the southern portion,  split off from Israel, becoming the more religious group of Israelites.  Israel itself had given up Jerusalem as their capital which the Judeans kept.  Today, the 6 million Jews of Israel are far more serious about their history and religious beliefs than the American Jews, who tend to have left orthodoxy to adhere to reform or conservative Judaism.  One cannot help but be serious about establishing a Jewish state and needing it for their religious freedom after 2,000 years of being boxed around by others.  Judah was made up mainly of the tribe of Judeans who today are called Jews.  

  In my opinion, American Jews are being mesmerized by a group called J Street, started by the infamous George Soros,  It is in competition with AIPAC, an American Jewish group who are strong advocates of Israel.  With all the tremendous slanderous accusation that have been coming from the Middle Easterners about Israel, who most have been trying to drive out since 1948, we need one factual group of defenders at least.  

Coming from the Labor Party's newspaper, the Jerusalem Post, (Until 1989, the paper supported the forerunners of the Labor Party who were originally more on the left, and who have swung to the right and now to the center, even they say that J Street is not a pro-Israel group.  "J Street's approach is arrogant and paternalistic. Its leaders have the chutzpah to claim that they know better than Israelis what is good for Israel ..."  Believe me, after really living in Israel, people in the USA have no idea at all about what Israelis know what's best for them.   It's the difference between  a couch potato and an active football player.  

Resource:  http://jewishfactsfromportland.blogspot.com/2013/09/muslim-brotherhoods-american-partnerthe.html
http://freebeacon.com/politics/pro-israel-language-removed-from-democratic-party-platform/
The Jerusalem Report-magazine from Israel, August 22nd issue 2016, A troubling patisan gap viewpoint by Robert Horenstein, Portland, Oregon Community Relations Director of the Jewish Federation of Greater Portland, Oregon
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornel_West
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Zogby
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernie_Sanders
http://forward.com/news/israel/332946/revealed-at-last-inside-the-kibbutz-where-bernie-sanders-lived-and-learned/
http://www.jpost.com/Opinion/Columnists/Candidly-Speaking-J-Street-is-not-a-pro-Israel-organization-328099
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Jerusalem_Post
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/06/us/politics/pushed-by-obama-democrats-alter-platform-over-jerusalem.html?_r=0
http://www.jpost.com/Opinion/Op-Ed-Contributors/Will-the-real-J-Street-stand-up-for-Israel-347625