Friday, July 21, 2017

Afghanistan Pashtuns Involved in Fight Against Taliban Shown in Movie From Hollywood


Nadene Goldfoot                                          
Last night I watched the movie, Lone Survivor, that takes place in Afghanistan.  "In 2005 Afghanistan, Navy SEALs Marcus Luttrell (Mark Wahlberg), Michael Murphy (Taylor Kitsch), Danny Dietz (Emile Hirsch) and Matthew "Axe" Axelson (Ben Foster) deploy on a mission of surveillance and to take out Taliban leader Ahmad Shah. Though spotted by goatherds, Luttrell and his team decide not to kill them. But one of the Afghans alerts a group of Taliban fighters to the invaders, and a terrible battle ensues, in which the SEALs find themselves hopelessly outnumbered and outgunned.  The movie came out in 2013.  Here it is 4 years later and I believe we're still fighting the Taliban.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yoLFk4JK_RM

The lone seal is rescued off the battle field by villagers that are Pashtuns.  Their code of honor is that if they take someone into their village, they protect them, and these did.  This practice is a very serious one for Pashtuns.  They were attacked for their good deed by the Taliban.  The leader of these Pashtuns was shot at in 2010 by the Taliban.  They're still trying to punish him for going against the Taliban.    

The star of the movie that is the survivor, Mark Wahlberg,  commented, ""What makes this story so special is the bond and the camaraderie between the guys, but also the state of where we are in the world today. The act of heroism by Gulab and his fellow villagers moved me the most. I found it so inspiring, and it gave me so much hope for the world."
—Mark Wahlberg                                                                   
Pashtun religious leaders in conference
The protection of the American by the Pashtun villagers is called Pashtunwali.    Pashtuns live in Afghanistan and Pakistan.  "Pashtunwali (Pashtoپښتونوالی‎) or Pakhtunwali is a non-written ethical code and traditional lifestyle which the indigenous Pashtun people follow.   It is a system of law and governance that is preserved and still in use today, mostly in the rural tribal areas.  Its meaning may also be interpreted as "the way of the Pashtuns" or "the code of life". 
                  Pashtunwali promotes self-
respect, independence, justice, hospitality, love, forgiveness, revenge and tolerance toward all (especially to strangers or guests).   It is considered to be the personal responsibility of every Pashtun to discover and rediscover Pashtunwali's essence and meaning.
They have 11 principals to live up to.  One is "Pat, Wyaar aw Meṛaana (respect, pride and courage) - Pashtuns must demonstrate courage [مېړانه]. Their pride [وياړ] , has great importance in Pashtun society and must be preserved. They must respect themselves and others in order to be able to do so, especially those they do not know.  Respect begins at home, among family members and relatives. If one does not have these qualities they are not considered worthy of being a Pashtun.
I noted in the movie their awe of the braveness of the American Seal.  The Pashtun leader has a little boy with him who helps the American and one can see that he is becoming his idol.  When under attack, the American seal is running in the village and protecting this child with his own body.  These Seals had to go through the most strenuous training imaginable.  Most men had dropped out, so only the exceptionals make it to graduation, and then the risking of their lives when in battle as they take on the most dangerous of jobs.                                                                        
Pashtuns visiting Jerusalem's Wall
Many believe they are from the tribe of Benjamin.

The native Pashtun tribes, often described as fiercely independent people, have inhabited the Pashtunistan region (eastern Afghanistan and north western Pakistan) since at least the 1st millennium BCE. It is believed that most of them are from one or more of the 10 Lost Tribes of Israel.  It was in 721 BCE that 
the Assyrians had attacked Israel and carted off the best of their citizens for slavery. 
 Then in 597 -586 BCE, the Babylonians repeated this attack and the  taking of captives.  
 During that period, much of their mountainous territory has remained outside government rule or control. This is perhaps the main reason why indigenous Pashtuns still follow Pashtunwali, which is a basic common law of the land or "code of life".
Pashtunwali rules are accepted in Afghanistan and Pakistan (mainly in and around the Pashtunistan region), and also in some Pashtun communities around the world.
The Taliban, a terrible terrorist group,  are practicing Deobandi Islam. "

Taliban                                            
This is a Taliban terrorist.  If he terrorizes others,
looks and acts like one, he is a terrorist.  
Taliban are not recognized as a terrorist group by USA-yet. They are
seen as doing the same things, however.  They don't need to cover
their faces to be a terrorist.  

The Taliban ("students"), is an Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan. It spread into Afghanistan and formed a government, ruling as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan from September 1996 until December 2001, with Kandahar as the capital. While in power, it enforced its strict interpretation of Sharia law.  While many leading Muslims and Islamic scholars have been highly critical of the Taliban's interpretations of Islamic law,  the Darul Uloom Deoband has consistently supported the Taliban in Afghanistan, including their 2001 destruction of the Buddhas of Bamiyan, and the majority of the Taliban's leaders were influenced by Deobandi fundamentalism.   Pashtunwali, the Pashtun tribal code, also played a significant role in the Taliban's legislation.  The Taliban were condemned internationally for their brutal treatment of women.
The Taliban see themselves as the policemen of Islam and force people to follow every iota of their law or die.  "
In the Malakand region of Pakistan, the Taliban have started correcting the "moral wrongs" of society by banning women from shopping in public areas, as it is believed to be obscene. They have have punished men by shaving their hair and moustaches for listening to music, seen as un-Islamic.   As non-Muslims living under sharia law, the Sikh community in Orakzai Agency is being forced to pay 15m rupees, approximately £130,000, in tax to live in peace. If Sikhs refuse, then the Taliban will occupy their properties."  Chances are that no one in thi society will ever watch an American movie, and certainly not "Lone Survivor." 

"Deobandi (Pashto and Persianدیو بندی‎‎, Urduدیو بندی‎, Bengaliদেওবন্দীHindiदेवबन्दी) is a revivalist movement within Sunni (primarily HanafiIslam.   It is centered in IndiaPakistanAfghanistan and Bangladesh, has recently spread to the United Kingdom, and has a presence in South Africa.  The name derives from DeobandIndia, where the school Darul Uloom Deoband is situated. The movement was inspired by scholar Shah Waliullah Dehlawi (1703–1762)  and was founded in 1867 in the wake of the failed Sepoy Rebellion a decade earlier.
Deobandis are strong proponents of the doctrine of Taqlid. In other words, they believe that a Muslim must adhere to one of the four schools (madhhabs) of Sunni Islamic Law and generally discourage inter-school eclecticism. They themselves are predominantly followers of the Hanafi school.  "The Hanafi (Arabicحنفي‎‎ Ḥanafī) school is one of the four religious Sunni Islamic schools of jurisprudence (fiqh).The Hanafi fiqh is the fiqh with the largest number of followers among Sunni Muslims.  It is predominant in the countries that were once part of the historic Ottoman EmpireMughal Empire and Sultanates of Turkic rulers in the Indian subcontinentnorthwest China and Central Asia.
 In the modern era, The Hanafi school of thought is prevalent in the following regions: Turkey, the BalkansSyriaLebanonJordanPalestineEgypt, parts of Iraq, the Caucasus, parts of RussiaTurkmenistanKazakhstanKyrgyzstanTajikistanUzbekistanAfghanistanPakistan, parts of India and China, and Bangladesh.
"The four schools of thought are schools of thought only, and considered by each other's scholars and founders to all be correct. So they will never count as sects. Why the differences then? The different schools of thought were founded customized for different groups of people, based on the traditions, tendencies, culture, evils, and pagan rituals of particular societies. Imam Abu Hanifa's teachings' adoption in South Asia are a reflection of South Asian culture and ways. Imam Malik's teachings' adoption in North Africa was a response to a much more different arena, and so on. (Source: Dr. Osama Eisa, Shariah scholar)." 

I cried throughout the movie.  It is so realistic.  You'll love our soldiers and you'll love the Pashtun villagers who defend the Seal.  You'll fall in love with the sad little boy as well who has to grow up in such a violent environment.  
Resource: 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lone_Survivor
http://www.newsweek.com/2016/06/10/mohammad-gulab-marcus-luttrell-navy-seal-lone-survivor-operation-red-wings-458139.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deobandi
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanafi
https://www.quora.com/What-are-the-major-differences-between-the-Hanafi-and-Shafii-Fiqh-jurisprudence-schools-of-Islam
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/belief/2009/may/03/taliban-sharia-pakistan



Saturday, July 8, 2017

Those Moabites, People of Southern Transjordan, Now Jordan and Connection to Israelites

Nadene Goldfoot                                          
Moab was an ancient county in what became Southern Transjordan.  It was bounded by the Heshbon River in the North and the Zered River in the South, the Jordan River and Dead Sea to the West, and the Syrian Desert on the East.  OMRI was king of Israel from 887 to 876 BCE.  He subdued Moab.  The Assyrians called Israel not by its name, Israel, but Omri.  Omri founded a dynasty.
                                                                         Descendants of Haran

1   Haran
. 2   Lot
..... 3   Ammon
..... 3   Moab
..... 3   Daughter 1
..... 3   Daughter 2
. 2   Iskah
. 2   Milcah b: in Ur of Chaldees d: in Haran
..... +NAHOR II b: in Ur of Chaldees d: in Haran
..... 3   Uz
..... 3   Buz
..... 3   Kemuel
..... 3   Chesed
..... 3   Hazo
..... 3   Pildash
..... 3   Jidlaph
..... 3   Bethuel
. 2   Sarai-Sarah d: in Hebron
..... +Abram-Abraham b: in Ur of the Chalees d: in Hebron
..... 3   Isaac b: in Negev
......... +Rebekah b: in Aram

Moabites of c2,000 BCE were related to the Israelites  by being descended from Lot as told in Genesis 19:37. Moab was Lot's son.   Their language was like biblical Hebrew.  The Israelites were instructed to not engage in conquering or even to battle with the Moabites.  The Torah forbids intermarriage with a Moabite. (Deut.23:4.)  However, the Talmud interpreted this meaning that only males could not marry a Moabite woman, and the prohibition was abolished in the Mishnaic Period.  RUTH WAS A MOABITE.  

 The Ammonites were another people like them from Lot.  Originally, the Moabites were divided into small tribes, and tribes were usually a group of a family male line, like son sons of Jacob were, with each son the leader of his descendants who banded together into one tribe.  The Moabites then united into a single kingdom like Israel.
                                                                     
Tel Heshbon with iron-age pool in Jordan
It lay on the border between Reuben and Gad, the latter tribe seems eventually to have occupied it (Jos 13:26). It was later assigned, as a town of Gad, to the Levites (Jos 21:39; 1 Chr 6:81). The Moabites reconquered the city in the period of the divided kingdom and occupied it in the time of Isaiah and Jeremiah (Is 15:4; 16:8, 9; Jer 48:2, 33, 34). However, during Jeremiah’s lifetime it seems to have changed hands again, since he refers to it as an Ammonite city in one of his later oracles (Jer 49:2, 3). The Ammonites seem to have taken it during an invasion of the Moabite territory referred to in Ezekiel (ch 25:9, 10). It was in the possession of Alexander Jannaeus in the time of the Maccabees, and was later ruled by Herod the Great (Jos. Ant. xiii. 15. 4; xv. 8. 5), who fortified it and made it into a garrison city called Esbus.
In the Patriarchal Era of c2,000 BCE to c1500 BCE, The Moabites  had settled in their land which had been captured from the Rephaim or Emim, told in (Deut. 2:10-11).  These were an ancient people that lived in what had later become Transjordania but was in the time of Abraham as  told in Gen. 14:5.  Some of the Moabites settled near Jerusalem in the Valley of Rephaim.

In the Exodus Period of c1579 BCE to c1539 BCE , part of this territory, between the Jabbok and Arnon Rivers,  came under the rule of the Amorite monarch, King Sihon whose capital was Heshbon.  Sihon had taken much of this area from the Moabites as in Num 21;21, but after his defeat by the Israelites, their land was occupied by Israel and this became the cause of contention between Israel, Moab and Ammon.  Sihon had made the mistake of refusing the Israelites passage across his territory during the Exodus and the Israelites defeated and killed him.  His land was then partitioned between the tribes of Reuben and Gad, 2 of the twelve tribes of Jacob.
                                                                             
Heathen Balaam on his ass that will speak to him
telling him where he was wrong.  
 
It was during their 2nd ruler, King BALAK, that we have this Shabbat's story to read from the Torah  listed under Numbers 22:2 to 25:9 entitled, BALAK.  Balak had summoned Balaam, a heathen Moabite prophet to curse the Israelites.  He was divinely inspired and instead had uttered blessings instead of curses as in Num 22:5.  Balaam possessed the characteristics of a Mesopotamian priest and soothsayer but as it turned out, also appeared as a faithful servant of G-d.  On the one hand, Balaam had done evil to Israel.  He had told the Midianites to invite the Israelites to worship Baal Peor and then was killed by the Israelites on the battlefield as in Num. 31:16 and Josh 13:22.  He had caused Israel's lapse into immorality.   He had a vision, explained Maimonides, of Balaam's ass who reproofed him in his own language.
                                                                       
King Eglon of Moab, celebrating taking Jericho

Naomi, the Judean and Ruth, the Moabite
Ruth was Naomi's daughter in law
Ruth had just become a widow, and they are gleaning for wheat to make bread.
      King Eglon  of the 12th century BCE was a king of the Moabites.  Under him, they had extended their territory to the Jericho region until Eglon was killed by the Judge, Ehud, of the tribe of Benjamin.  By doing this, Ehud had saved Israel from the oppression of King Eglon  as told in Judges 3.  Talmudic legend shows Eglon as the father of RUTH.

Judges were tribal leaders the Israelites used before they turned to choosing their first king, who would be Saul.  Saul lived in the 11th century BCE and was also from the tribe of Benjamin, being the son of Kish.   The people felt they also needed a king when they were facing the threats of the Philistines and the Ammonites.  The prophet, Samuel, stepped up and chose Saul.  Saul was an organizer and managed to organize an army and trained them and they managed to defeat their enemy.  They had a great victory at Michmash, stopping the Philistines.  Then they took on an expedition against the Moabites that punished their enemy and also took on the Ammonites and Arameans as well.
                                                                           
King David 
King David, born in Bethlehem,son of Jesse from the tribe of Judah, King  of Israel ruled from c1010 BCE to 970 BCE  and conquered the Moabites.  (II Samuel 8:2) The land stayed under the rule of the Northern Kingdom of Israel  down to the rebellion of Mesha of Moab.  David's great grandmother was RUTH, THE MOABITE. David's father was Jesse, son of Oved, son of Boaz, Ruth's 2nd husband, relative of her 1st husband, Mahlon whose mother was Naomi.  Now, Saul was of the tribe of Benjamin and David became Saul's armor-bearer when he was 25 years old,  and was best friends with Saul's son, Jonathan.  He also married Saul's daughter, Michal.   David was from the tribe of Judah.  His mother was Ithra's daughter.  Ithra was his grandfather, an Ishmaelite,   and  father of Amasa, commanding general in the rebel army of Absalom, 3rd son of David. Amasa led a charmed life because David appointed Amasa as his general after Absalom's rising against him.  So Amasa would have been his uncle, an uncle who rebelled against his kingship but who kept his seat of power as a general when it was over.

Another king of Moab was MESHA.  He had the honor of setting up the Mesha Stele (Moabite Stone)  at the Moabite capital, Dibon.  It was a stone that he set up and inscribed the story of his successful revolt against King Joram (Jehoram from 853BCE -843BCE) of Israel as told in II Kings 3:4.  The Israelite king was the son of King Ahab of Israel.  Jehoram had united with King Jehoshaphat (875BCE -851BCE) of Judah against their common enemy, Mesha, .  The outcome was that Moab regained its independence.
                                                                           
In the reign of Tiglath-Pileser III, (745-726 BCE) Moab became an Assyrian province.  Tiglath reformed Assyrian administration and started the policy of exiling hostile people of conquered countries.  He invaded N Syria in 743 BCE and levied tribute on King Menahem of Israel.  In 734 BCE he invaded Philistia, conquered Damascus in 733 BCE and took a large part of the kingdom of Israel and banished the people of Galilee to Transjordania (Moab).  Then he exated tribute from Ahaz of Jodah and from Ammon, Moab and Edom.  Laer he gained control of Babylon and ruled there under the alias of Pul
                                                                          

During the Persian Period,c538 BCE, caused by the Babylonian Empire's Cyrus conquering  Israel.  Arabs entered the country and assimilated with the inhabitants.  Jews were in exile for 2 centuries in Mesopotamia.  The Book of Esther was written about this period.  Moab was conquered by the Hasmoneans and was later incorporated by the Romans in Arabia. The Hasmonians Dynasty was founded by a priestly family, Mattathias of Modiin.  He had 5 sons, Judah, the Maccabee, Jonathan, Simon, John and Eleazar who directed the revolt against the hellenizing policy by the Syrian King Antiochus Epiphanes.  from 166 to 164 BCE, the Hasmoneans fought a number of successful battles against the Syrians and Judah captured Jerusalem in 164 BCE and rededicated the Temple (Chanukah).  
                                                                               
Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein has been King of Jordan since the 1999 death of his father, King Hussein. According to Abdullah, he is a 41st-generation direct descendant of Muhammad as he belongs to the Hashemite family—who have ruled Jordan since 1921
Abdullah I bin al-Hussein, former King of TransJordan, born in Mecca, Hejaz, Ottoman Empire, was the second of three sons of Hussein bin Ali, Sharif and Emir of Mecca and his first wife Abdiyya bint Abdullah. He was educated in Constantinople and Hejaz. Today his grandson, Abdullah is king of Jordan.
The population of the land of TransJordan, which was to become the eastern part of Israel according to the League of Nations, was from the  Muslim empires starting in the 7th century, partial crusader control in the mid-Middle Ages (country of Oultrejordain) and finally, Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo) since 13th century and the Ottoman Empire from the 16th century until World War I. The people from these eras were the staff of the empires.  It was never populated by any of them or turned into a separate state.  In 1880 when the first aliyah of Jews came from Russia, they had to deal with the Turkish administrators.  


Black September was a Palestinian terrorist organization.  "The group's name is derived from the Black September conflict which began on 16 September 1970, when King Hussein of Jordan declared military rule in response to fedayeen attempting to seize his kingdom  — resulting in the deaths and expulsion of thousands of Palestinians fighters from Jordan.  Since then, Abdullah II has married a Palestinian girl.  Many Palestinians live in Jordan.  This is why many consider Jordan as Palestine.  They have their state already, almost, but Abdullah II wants to have no part of it.  He will not accept anymore Palestinians in his state.  

Update: 7/9/17 "Consider for a moment, that if Jordan agrees to grant citizenship to all Palestinians, as their law currently provides, and invites the return of all of them to live and work in Jordan, the conflict would soon be ended. While King Abdullah isn’t about to do so, the Jordan Opposition Coalition (JOC) would. This coalition represents all opposition groups in Jordan that back a secular state. The JOC since its creation six years ago has supported good relations with Israel. It does not include groups that support terrorism. This alliance has agreed to work together in order to form the government of Jordan should King Abdullah abdicate. Although at least 75% of Jordanians are Palestinians, the King has disenfranchised them to a great extent in favor of the ethnic Hashemites and Bedouins. " I want to point out that the 1.7 million Palestinians living in Israel are full citizens in every way except compulsary service in the IDF.  That is voluntary for them.  


Again, there is no way to say that Palestinians are Moabites, an extinct people.  Most all were immigrants from surrounding lands, coming in to find work.  They were the poorer of the neighbors.  Those few that had owned land had sold it to the Jews, who found they were only too happy to sell it to them at exorbitant prices and enjoy the fruits of the sale in better places like Damascus or Beirut and Paris.  They had been taken advantage of by the Ottoman Empire as it was, hardly able to stay above water financially, and many hadn't.  
 
 Resource:  The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qM2aByYM1cM
https://amaicjudgesera.wordpress.com/2017/02/22/eglons-jericho/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_September_Organization
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Jordan
http://www.israpundit.org/the-ultimate-alternate-israel-palestine-solution-3/?utm_source=phplist3392&utm_medium=email&utm_content=HTML&utm_campaign=ISRAPUNDIT+DAILY+DIGEST++JULY+9%2F17#more-63625330*****update





























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































Friday, July 7, 2017

Palestinians Are Not From Ancient Hittites

Nadene Goldfoot                                          
Ishtar, Hittite and Babylonian goddess of war
In the Torah her worship is regarded as an abomination, and it is Ishtar's worshipers and her ishtarishtu (sacred prostitutes) who were to be found even at the doors of the Hebrew god's great temple, much to the consternation of his priests and prophets.  Some people managed to slip into old habits, especially if families were mixed.  
The Torah or Bible in Genesis 10:15 connects the Hittites with the Canaanites and shows that some lived in Israel at an early period at the time of Abraham. The 1st Canaan was the youngest son of Ham, son of Noah.  (Genesis 9-10).  Because of his father's transgression, he was condemned by Noah to serve Shem and Jepheth.  The land of Canaan was the name for Syria in the 15th to 13th centuries.  It is applied to the coast of Eretz Yisrael.  Before Joshua and the Israelites conquered the land, it was made up of little city-states.  The northern part of the land was called Aram/Syria by the Israelites.                                                            
Kamrusepas, another Hittite goddess of healing like Ishtar
These Canaanites were divided up between 11 peoples living on the land between the Nile and Euphrates rivers (Genesis 10:15-19).  Canaan was made up of a mixture of Horites, Hittites and Hebrews going back to the 17th century BCE.

The Hittites were an ancient people living in Asia Minor.  During the 15th century BCE, their power reached southward to Syria with their main kingdom falling in about 1200 BCE. "The early origins of the Hittites are not entirely certain, but it is likely the people we call Hittites arrived in Anatolia about 2000BC and came from Europe as part of a broader migration from the Black Sea region and Pontic steppe. In diplomatic correspondence of the Late Bronze Age the realm is the land of Hatti (Khatta in Egyptian). "
                                                                             
Hittite Spearmen 
They had  small kingdoms continuing in Northern Syria and in the land around the Euphrates river.  These states were overrun by the Armenians and the Assyrians and the people either killed or assimilated as Assyrians.  The Torah (Bible) connects the Hittites with the Canaanites in Genesis 10:15 and indicates that some lived in Eretz Israel at an early period.  (15-Canaan begot Zidon his firstborn, and Heth; and the Jebusite, the Amorite, the Girgashite, the Hivite....Afterward, the families of the Canaanites branched out.)  Must be Hivite is also Hittite, but v is not a t sound.  v and b are interchangable in Hebrew.  
                                                                             
Jacob's grandfather, Abraham, had bought the cave at Machpelah from Hebron.  Abraham's son, Isaac, had a twin named Esau.  Esau was the twin that left Abraham's group to live among the Hittites where he chose his wives from among them. Abraham was very much against this because the Hittites did not believe in one G-d and did not want Isaac to do that.
                                                                             
 Later, King David had some Hittite warriors, and his son, King Solomon, had Hittite wives, which wasn't that special for he had many many wives.  This was one way Solomon kept peace with different tribes.  Marry a daughter among their leaders and they had a contract of peace between them.
                                                                             
 A 3 man Hittite Chariot
The Hittites originally lived in Asia Minor and from the 15th century BCE, they were powerful with their power extending southward to Syria.  Their main kingdom fell in about 1200 BCE, with small kingdoms continuing to flourish in Northern Syria and around the land of the Euphrates.  They ended by being overrun by the Armenians and the Assyrians.
                                                                       
HITTITES:  Late in the third millennium B.C., waves of invaders speaking Indo-European languages crossed the Caucasus Mountains into Anatolia, Turkey. Building on other older cultures, these invaders borrowed even their name, the Hittites, from the indigenous Hatti whom they had subjugated. The Hittites were supposed to have entered Cappadocia around 1800 B.C

                        Who are the Palestinians? 
                                                                       
Young Israeli Palestinians celebrating Nakhba Day on May 14, Israel's
Birth of 1948, only these boys covet Israel in wanting their own state
of Palestine-something made out of Israel.  Palestinians make up 20% of
Israel.  Their terrorists are paid a salary when in jail by Abbas, leader of
Fatah.  It's acts like this that make life difficult in considering having a
Palestine made out of ancient Israeli land right alongside today's Israel.  One does
expect peace to come first.  
 All people living in what had been ancient Israel were called Palestinians by the Romans who had occupied and then burned Jerusalem down in their takeover of the land in 70 CE and thereafter.  By 132 CE, a Jewish general, Bar Kokhba, had a LAST STAND, A TRY AT REGAINING JERUSALEM and had actually formed an army and had taken back Jerusalem in 132 and held it for 3 years before being outnumbered and killed by the stronger Romans with 35,000 soldiers under Hadrian and Julius Severus.  The Romans were so angry still after killing 580,000 Jews besides those Jews that died of hunger and disease from the war that they had let this happen after holding themselves for 62 years that they renamed it "Palestine," choosing the Philistines, the greatest enemy of Israel, to name it after.  The result was that Judea fell into desolation, with most of the population annihilated and Jerusalem was turned into a heathen city, barred to Jews.   Thereafter, all people living on the land whether they be Jewish or Arab, were called Palestinians by the Romans and by every other empire that followed.
                                                                         
Palestinians that are living in Gaza with Hamas leaders-terrorists that are violent.  
It was only the fact that Jews needed their ancient land back as they had been treated as pariahs in every country they tried to live in after being forced out of Judah and it's main city, Jerusalem, and discussions were going on by Zionistic leaders with the allies of World War I, almost 2,000 years of a contained wandering, that a distinction was then made between Jews and Arabs by the world.  The Arabs had not been mistreated except possibly by their own exhalted leaders of the surrounding lands.  Where there were few Arabs living in the former Judah and Israel, they came flocking when Jews started returning again in droves starting in the 1880s as they were suffering from pogroms, mass riots, government okayed murder because of a 2,000 year old anti- Semitism.  They would be invited into a European country for selfish reasons of the king who wanted economic help and they were wiser than others, and then kicked out because they remained Jewish at a later date.  It became very plain to the Jews that there was a reason G-d had asked Moses to keep them in their own country of Israel.
                                                                   
Palestinians today
Palestinians have been the pawns of Muslim countries who resented a Jewish country in their midst who might shake up their hold on people, being they were so democratic and they weren't.  They have a good deal going on and don't accept change unless it benefits them more.  Their people have been brainwashed to think alike and not to question.  Only  Emir Feisal, later king of Iraq and king of Syria, had any sense and he was the leader of all the Arabs for many years.  He had accepted the Jews forming their own state, because he saw the benefits that this would bring to his own people.  Unfortunately, the rest were only greedy, such as the Haj Amin al-Husseini, so called Sherif of Jerusalem, who wanted to keep his power given to him by a Jew, no less, a man of high position in England who was one of the mandate leaders.  Palestinians have remained hostile to Israel.  Most all had come in from the surrounding nations to find work with the Jews who were building from the 1880s onward.  They were surrounding people, not natives of the very land of Israel.
                                                                           
Jerusalem once again at the Wall
Jews have established their history in the land of Israel through documentation in the Torah which goes back to Moses-1391 BCE to 1271 BCE.  The Palestinians try to make out that their hold is older.  Jews have remained a people through their religion.  Hittites, or any other ancient people of Canaan, were all wiped out by Joshua and his armed Israelites, and if not killed in the battle, then assimilated through marriage with the Jews, now being people of Jewish descent.  Thoughout history Jews have survived and have been known.  Who has run into a Canaanite or a Hittite?  Arabs, people of Esau and Ishmael, have lived in Syria and other surrounding civilizations, but not the destitute deserted mosquito infested land of Israel, only a few dared to do so and then wanted out. Only the Jews were desperate enough to return after a 2,000 year absence.


Resource:  The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia
http://www.warlordgames.com/history-the-hittites/
http://www.biblicaltourguide.com/ancientturkeyhistory.html
http://www.ancient.eu/hittite/
From Time Immemorial by Joan Peters-all about the Palestinians and where they came from