Tuesday, July 17, 2018

Problems in selection of a Country's Leader; Democracy No Different

Nadene Goldfoot                                                     

This morning, NBC surprised me with the Today Show's  host, Savannah Guthrie,  hitting the nail on the head as to why Trump is so willing to be friends with Russia.  It's to Trump's detriment that Putin, heaven forbid, would admit to fixing the election in his favor.  Trump wants to know that he won the presidency fair and square; wouldn't you if you were running?  Our USA president doesn't win by a simple popular vote.  We have the electoral college as part of the deal.  It's not a secret.  Hillary knew this.  Trump, being a 3rd wheel in the race and not a Party Republican member, planned his campaign with its inclusion.  Hillary didn't.  A successful fix by Russia would mean that he hadn't deserved the position; that Hillary would have been president. 
Some of Republican contenders for Presidency
Trump won out of the 17 who had thrown their hat into the ring

 Trump was the dark horse that won the race, leaving some people aghast!  Both parties were not prepared to handle it.  They're still suffering.  

Savannah had been talking with John Brennan, who once had been charged with being a Communist, a Jihadist lover, who of all things had been our CIA Director under Obama.  Wouldn't this also reflect on Brennan's job as well?  This would also show that under Obama's watch, our electoral devices were faulty, and he had done nothing to watch over this important issue.   Our FBI can not prove meddling by Russia and Russia denies any meddling.  Right now, the Communist, Putin and the Democratic Republican, Trump, are getting along with each other.  For opposing big and powerful countries, that's quite a feather in their caps.  it's lasting longer than the cease fires between Israel and Gaza which only lasted an hour or two.                                     

Maybe both our countries will escape an atom bomb attack this year.  

So just how our different countries of the world select their leaders and which way is the best?  Is our democracy the best way to select our leader if the selection can be rigged?  How about the other ways? Royalty?  Communism?  Socialism? Are their outcomes different?  How about open borders and no countries?  How would that work?  How is Nationalism better than none at all?  
A Prime Minister; Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel
A very Democratic country with many political parties involved in election

Similar to English Democracy
The only Jewish state in the world: born in 1948

Six or Seven thousand years ago, a clan leader would come about, usually a strong male, a father figure.  Defense and the lives of the clan would have been the most important issue.  Such a system would have been an inherited position with a royal family developing.  Pharaohs and kings came out of this.   It should show that the leader would be not only strong but clever as well, able to deal with decisions.  We saw kings of city-states develop, and finally kings of empires.  Rome suffered greatly under leaders such as Nero who fiddled while his city burned.  

The USA's democracy has a political party promoting their nominee, and we usually have but 2 or 3 parties involved.  The parties stand for certain values they deem important, that are covering different aspects of life so are competitive.  The problem is with the voter, and all citizens are able to vote.  

Do they know what the persons are all about?  Why did they select this person?  Here's where the parties come into play.  They work on swaying the voters and will use lots of money to do it.  The general public is made up of people knowing their own minds and have strong opinions and other people who know nothing but are easily swayed.  We've had comedians doing TV shows walking about the public arena asking easy questions about our government and they show up idiots knowing nothing.  It gives one the shudders to think they might have to power to change the history of our lives with their blind decisions in voting.  

Egypt's Morsi, also head of the Muslim Brotherhood, took in Syrian refugees planning on their vote in exchange for their refuge, but his government caught on and put him in jail.  Has this become a new way for leaders to gain votes?  Bring in despondent refugees who will go along with paying back such favors?  

The final tally with the electoral college vote was 304 votes for Trump and 227 votes for Clinton. The two Republican renegades were from Texas, while Clinton lost pledged votes from Hawaii, Maine and Washington.  It was the largest number of individual defections by electors in a U.S. presidential election — but not enough to change the outcome.  

The electoral college was created to " reflect the political realities associated with accommodating the institution of slavery into our electoral system. Under a direct election system, the southern states would be at a significant disadvantage because their slaves could not vote. Through the Electoral College and the Three-Fifths Compromise, however, partially counting the slaves when determining the number of presidential electors allowed southern states to rival the electoral power of their northern brethren." So they had 2 opposing ways of life that accommodated each other this way.  
Donald Trump,
our 45th President
with grandson

Bernie and Hillary,
the 2 Democrats running

Everyone expected Clinton to win; at least the pundits were saying this.  it was like  a baseball game.  Trump surprised everyone and won.  The Democrats have not gotten over the shock and probably never will.  They thought Clinton was in the bag.  She thought so, too.  She stumbled and didn't make  a home run.  This happened enough times to change the tide for many:   Benghazi,  Israel; jobs were a few of the reasons going on after 8 years of a Democrat Obama.  

Our statue of Liberty
A gift from France 1886

The 2000 election was not the first time a candidate won the popular vote but lost the election. It has happened four times in our nation’s history:  It was: Jackson to Adams;  Tilden to Hayes;  Cleveland to Harrison; and Gore to Bush.  Electoral votes protects us from a large state becoming the way the whole USA must go.  It gives the little states a say in the Democracy.  Otherwise, we'd have to all behave like a state such as California or New York.                                       
Madison, our 4th president (1809-1817)
from Virginia a Democratic Republican
b: 3/16/1751-d: 6/28/1836

James Madison, "was never in favor of our current system for electing the president, one in which nearly all states award their electoral votes to the statewide popular vote winner. " Father of the Constitution James Madison referred to “the inconvenience of democracy,”  He ultimately backed a constitutional amendment to prohibit this practice.  Madison believed, along with his contemporaries, that the great danger to popular government is faction (a selfish or contentious group) Madison's contributions to the American Republic are best summarized by his lifelong dedication to the principles of freedom and responsibility.  The destiny of republican government, Madison believed, is staked on the vigilance of the American people to tend "the sacred fire of liberty.”  James Madison attended what is now Princeton.

"The 1787 version was when George Washington *1789-1797) was president  of the United States that covered just 13 eastern seaboard states from Maine to Georgia. (Maine, by the way, was then part of Massachusetts and didn’t become a separate state until 1820.)
The differences and distances between the 13 states were much bigger deals than they are today, despite the enormous growth of the United States. There was no national media by which the people of New England would come to know about the political leaders of the Deep South, or vice versa. There was no tradition of campaigning for office; in fact powerful norms banned overt office-seeking. (This business of presidential candidates running around the country begging for votes dates back roughly to the 1890s with Cleveland in 1893, a New York Democrat and McKinley, in 1897 an Ohio Republican.)"                              
A book about President, V President candidates
Most interesting.  How many read this? 
Did it change opinions?  Sway anyone?  
Today we have radio, TV, books, magazines, newspapers, all  receiving money from the parties and causing voters to be swayed.  How facts are written and spoken are meant to sway people into THEIR position.  Some must ignore it all and choose by eeni-meeni-minie-mo...or by looks that appeal. Even some newspaper reporters have been bitten by this landslide of taking sides and seem to have altered their goal in life of accurate and unswayed writings.   The hope is that common sense will prevail.  Rarely do you find  a person really digging into facts to make  a voter aware of possibilities of their future.  This has been given to the pundits of TV who also are humans full of their own opinions.  What it comes down to are the producers who then have their opinions and pay the writers and speakers.  Whew!  Maybe a king was a much easier way at that!  No choice; you just take pot luck with his children.       

Resource:  7/17/18 Today Show with Samantha Guthrie

Monday, July 16, 2018

IRAQ JEWS: Nineveh of Assyrian Empire Days And ISIS' Destruction

Nadene Goldfoot

Nineveh, the name of a city in the Bible, was where Jonah was sent long ago on a mission to persuade its citizens to repent.  They must have had quite the reputation.  Jonah is associated with the whale story and from the tribe of Zebulan during the 8th century BCE, considered a minor prophet.  .

In 1100 BCE, Nineveh was the capital of the new Assyrian Empire.  It's foundation was due to Nimrod, son of Cush, another biblical figure of Cushite origin known as the mighty hunter and strong ruler of Babylon, Erech, Accad and more.  Assyria was known as THE LAND OF NIMROD.    He's also connected to Gilgamesh and the Assyrian war-god, Ninurata.
King of Assyria from 721-712 BCE who took the throne when Shalmaneser III died.
during the siege of Samaria which brought on the exile of many of the ISRAELITE people.  In 720 BCE
he defeated a military alliance which included the remnants of the Israelites of Samaria.
He was assassinated, succeeded by Sennacherib.
Like the Greeks and Romans having similar gods, the Assyrian and Babylonian culture also shared their godly ideas.  " They also had their own pantheon of gods and semi gods working under them.
Ninurat, Assyrian god with 4 wings
Assyrian King of gods, Ashur of their pantheon of gods,   
In 612 BCE, Nineveh was attacked.  The Median army took Tarbisu, near Nineveh and encamped nearby, and then attacked the city of Assur, with the Babylonian text recounting how in 614 BC their Median ally destroyed Assur's temples and sacked the city, but their army did not reach the city until after the plundering had been done.
Fall of Nineveh 
The city of Nineveh went through a name-change and has been called Mosul, located in today's northern Iraq. Actually Mosul is 400 km north of Baghdad on the Tigris River opposite of Nineveh. 
There had been a Jewish settlement there that dated back to biblical times.  The surprise is that there had been a large community dating back to ancient Nineveh days in the immediate vicinity.  Mosul came about was founded in the early Mohammedan era about 570 CE and had 7,000 Jewish inhabitants at the time of Benjamin of Tudela, around 1170. 
In the 13th century, Mosul had the largest Jewish community in Iraq and was once the seat of an exilarch.  The town had declined in our modern days so that the population of Jews went down to only 1,100 in 1903.  Their economic position had deteriorated because they were being persecuted for being Jews in a Muslim environment, and they were reduced to peddling their wares.  In 1948 and afterwards, all the Jews emigrated, mostly to the newly-founded Israel. 
ISIS destruction of this ancient city of Mosul
Destruction makes them happy.  In 2015, the population was 664,221.
In both eras as Nineveh or Mosul, this important city has been home to Jews, then Muslim Arabs, Christians, Kurds and Yazidis.  The citizens of Mosul had once tried to revive the city's history, cultural life and diversity.  They had found the Old Mosul's synagogue with tinted blue walls, and a Hebrew inscription over a door that was recently unearthed.  The Jewish roots had gone back to the 8th century BCE with tombs in and near Mosul commemorating the prophets Jonah and Nahum.

Today, ISIS terrorists have developed in this area whose goal was to create their own empire.  They have been on a mission of destruction of ancient artifacts of the ancient religions.  ISIS blew up the tomb of Jonah  in July 2014 who was also known in Arabic as Nabi Yunis.

When the Jews left in 1948, the did not share their knowledge of Jewish sites.  The community left inscriptions and items with family friends that were passed down or left, collecting dust.  These hidden mementos were then saved from the ISIS invaders.  The synagogue was used as a storage area by ISIS for bombs and also as a hideout to avoid coalition airstrikes.
ISIS faced final defeat in Mosul
The Iraqi army fought for 8 months to liberate Mosul from ISIS
Weather here is hot but dry; 
 102°F (39°C), Wind W at 12 mph (19 km/h), 14% Humidity
     In 2017, much fighting took place in Mosul and someone had posted pictures of the rubble.  A Jewish man noticed that Hebrew letters were on one of the destroyed buildings that he could make out in a picture.  Come to find out, an American soldier wrote about finding the building, calling it a garbage dump.  Since then, local people have found another building underground under rubble that must be a synagogue.  They also found an old Jewish girls' school along with other hidden Jewish items.                                                                 
 ISIS has been designated a terrorist organization by the United Nations and many individual countries. ISIL is widely known for its videos of beheadings and other types of executions of both soldiers and civilians, including journalists and aid workers, and its destruction of cultural heritage sites] The United Nations holds ISIL responsible for human rights abuses and war crimes. ISIL also committed ethnic cleansing on an historic scale in northern Iraq.

Resource:  The New Standard Jewish Encycloopedia

Sunday, July 15, 2018

Hamas Terrorists of Gaza: Kite-burning Crops, Then Shoot 200 Rockets

Nadene Goldfoot

200 Rockets from Gaza
Even United with Israel is sending out a plea
Supporters of Israel cannot be silent. Israel MUST fight back CLICK to Help Israel Today!
United with IsraelDonate today

"200 rockets were just fired at Israel from Gaza. An Israeli family of four was wounded when a Hamas rocket slammed into their home. “We were all covered in blood,” the father said. Southern Israel continues to burn as a result of ongoing Hamas arson attacks. And there is no end in sight.
The world's reaction? It's Israel's fault. Israel's legitimate right to right to self-defense is denied, calling it 'disproportionate'. The need for a massive, grassroots, pro-Israel community that fights back has become even greater.
Anti-Israel media bias, BDS and online incitement continues to grow, as Israel's enemies relentlessly pursue the destruction of the Jewish State."

Well, I have news for you, oh enemies of Israel.  Israelis aren't leaving.  We were forced into that once before in 70 CE by the Romans.  It's wasn't good.  It didn't work, either.  We're not giving up our religion and we're staying, so put that in your pipe and smoke it.  You all decided once to make sure we returned to our own country -probably just to get rid of us out of yours, and then you took back 80% of the land!  Some deal that was!  Well our leaders took it; better than nothing.  We settled; hoping for peace.  Some peace this has been.  
Iron Dome shooting down a rocket
30 of these rockets were stopped by Israel's defense system, the Iron Dome.   The 200 rockets had Sderot as a destination among others.  Sderot is a small town near the border of Gaza.  "One rocket landed inside a kibbutz in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council area and another rocket struck a courtyard of a synagogue in Sderot, without causing any injuries."

There have been injuries, though.  Two girls, 14 and 15 were injured on their face and legs by broken glass.  A firefighter fell while running for cover.  A home in Sderot took a hit.  Cars and a chicken coop also were damaged.  
Golan Heights Shown Here 

"Earlier on Wednesday a Patriot missile intercepted a Syrian drone which infiltrated into northern Israel with some parts of the UAV falling in the Sea of ​​Galilee."  The IDF struck back.  "IDF strikes military targets in Syria in response to a Syrian drone entering Israeli airspace, July 12, 2018 (IDF Spokesperson's Unit)"  "Israel has been on high alert as Syrian government forces advance on rebels in the vicinity of the Golan,worrying Assad could let his Iranian allies entrench near its lines."                                           
Terrorist attacking fire to kite

A cease-fire has been called.  "Israeli authorities removed restrictions on Gaza-area communities on Sunday morning, allowing Israeli citizens to gather in public, stray farther than sprinting distance from bomb shelters and work their agricultural fields, due to a ceasefire between Israel and Hamas.
"Incendiary kites have burned thousands of dunams (1 dunam=o.247105 acre) , causing millions of shekels of damage – and the problem is far from being solved." "A tour of the kite-plagues areas – the Kissufim Forest, the Be’eri Forest, the Assaf Simhoni Forest and the agricultural areas of Kibbutz Nahal Oz, Nir Am and Kfar Aza – reveal large blackened areas. Nature reserves have been destroyed, fields burned, irrigation systems damaged and animals harmed.  All this is done by Gazans goaded into it by Hamas terrorists who refuse to make peace with Jews.  

We're at the point in life where once, in 1967, Israel was the underdog being cheered by their small size being able to win in a defensive war against the many Arabs who attacked them.    This point has been now quickly forgotten about by the BDSers and the UN who only find fault with Israel and have been able to turn the tide to be against Israel.  Even this barrage of attacks on Israel's land which will hurt the Gazans as much as the Israelis when it comes time to eat this autumn, was done by envy and malice against these Jews who dared to return to their home. 

Israel never did get back completely their ancient land  called THE WEST BANK which is Judea and Samaria .  The Palestinians haven't been booted out.  They live there.   Israel has given up Gaza to the Palestinian Arabs who are the worst neighbor one could have-antagonizers constantly attacking; either by outright rockets, missiles or mortars, or tunnels, kidnappings, knifings, and now kites carrying fire to burn life-land, animals, or even people.  This is why Israel resorted to a fence.   70 years have gone by since Israel was declared a state.  Will the Arabs ever change within the next 30 years?   Will the world ever get over their anti-Semitism?  Their BDS attacks?  

Update: 7:08pm Not unexpectedly, by late afternoon arson attacks against Israel had already resumed; but so did immediate Israeli air strikes against the terror squads launching the arson kites and firebomb balloons across the border into Israel.

Resource:  United with Israel

Friday, July 13, 2018

And We Were Slaves in Egypt for 400 Years

Nadene Goldfoot                                       
The Mayflower of 1620
Pilgrims from Holland: 1620
From the time Jacob's 12 sons went into Egypt until they came out was 400 years.  Four hundred years is  a long long time.  The United States, formed in 1776, is only 242 years old.  The first Pilgrims from England via Holland came to the shores of America on the Mayflower in 1620.  Four hundred years from then will be  the year, 2020; in two more years!  Can you imagine all that our Israelites went through and the condition they were in when Moses led them back to their old homeland that of course had gone through so many changes as well?

Jacob's family of 70 had gone in and out came them with others adding up to about 600,000.  Moses lived from 1391 BCE to 1271 BCE.   It took this Exodus of people 40 years to reach their goal of Canaan.  He died at age 120 years.
Moses delivered the Israelites out of slavery when he was 80 years old which would have been in the year of 1311 BCE . Even so, Moses knew enough to take 2 different census of his charges, one at the beginning of the Exodus and one at the destination.  The people were marching with their own tribes, and at the beginning of the Exodus all totaled 603,550 people.  Many died during the 40 years, so at the end they had 601,730, even with births along the way.  They had been depleted by 1,280 lives.  Some people had been old at the onset of the trek and had not lasted.  Moses was left with a new generation that he had helped to mold into a new mind-set.  Now they were made up of a strong people, leaving slavery behind them.  Joshua , from the tribe of Ephraim, was one of those people and would take the reigns when Moses died. 

With 25 years making a generation, from 1271 BCE to 2018 CE,  the past 3,289 years produces 131.5 generations that have gone by.  Even with that, and with G-d's help through Moses, these immigrants were lectured by Moses as to what kind of people they were from Abraham's teachings to what is expected of them after hearing these lectures.  This was the price they had to pay for being delivered out of Egypt.  They were a mixed family line that had most likely intermarried with these others who were also most likely related to them by then.  It had been a long time of living together in extreme hardship in slavery.

Thursday, July 12, 2018

Jacob, THE STONE OF ISRAEL, Gives Blessings to his Twelve Sons; Prophecy and Where They Lived in Canaan

Nadene Goldfoot

Back in Abram's day of the 2nd millennium, you married into family.  Abram's son by Sari was Isaac and Isaac's son was Jacob.  Leah and Rachel were 1st cousins to Jacob.  The girls'  father was Laban and Laban was the brother of Jacob's mother, Rebekah.  In fact, Rebekah was married to Isaac.  Rebekah was Jacob's aunt.
Jacob's first love was Rachel, and he thought he had married her, but his father-in-law, Laban,  made sure his oldest daughter, Leah, the one with weak eyes, would be married first.  So Jacob married Leah and had 6 sons and a daughter with her.  Then he worked some more to marry Rachel.  Being concerned about needing to produce more children, Jacob took the handmaidens of his 2 wives and had 2 sons from each of them,  Jacob blessed the tribes individually, each in line with its own character and ability so they would follow the paths meant for them.  His blessings made it clear that each has its own unique mission.

!. Reuben was his first son.  He had water-like impetuousness.  He couldn't be a first because of an error of judgement involving Jacob's bed which desecrated Jacob. He had been against his brother's plot against Joseph.  Later he had volunteered as surety for Benjamin during his visit to Egypt.  Reuben had broken the law by having an affair with Bilhah who belonged to Jacob.  Therefore, Jacob gave Reuben's 1st rights to Joseph.  Reuben  received land in Moab (Transjordan) because it was fertile but this presented political problems even then, and much of their land fell into the hands of the Moabites or Ammonites.  Reuben in 721 BCE was one of the 10 tribes exiled to Assyria by Tiglath-Pileser.  They had been more isolated and had not much of a role in the history of the land after they had settled there.

2. Simeon, with Levi- had tricked people of Shechem, captured the town, killed all the men, captured the women and children without telling their father, Jacob.  Simeon would get land within the lot of Judah in 2 places of the Negav of minor importance.  Later during Hezekiah's reign, they would take Arab land of Seir.  Some settled in the mountains of Ephraim.

3. Levi :  Both were comrades in a conspiracy, so Jacob's soul would not be a part of them.  They had raged and murdered people.  They hamstrung an ox.  Their rage and harsh wrath is to be accursed.   They are to be dispersed in Israel. During 2nd Temple period, their previous act of avenging the dishonor of their sister, Dinah, was looked upon as honorable.  Levi had one daughter, Jochebed, mother of Moses, and 3 sons; Gershom/n; Kohath whose son was Amram, father of Moses, and Merari.  Levi died in Egypt at age 137.  The Levites came from Levi.  They would be concecrated by Moses to serve in the Temple as Priests or Cohens , and would be today's J1 (Y haplogroup) or Cohen gene.  They were excluded from inheriting land but received 48 towns as places they could live in and be teachers in that area.
4. Judah shall be acknowledged by his brothers and you will hold your enemies at by by the nape of their neck.  Your brothers will bow to you.   Judah is like a lion cub.  You have elevated yourself.  Judah will hold the scepter of ruling.  Judah was to be the source of of Jewish leadership and royalty, of the Davidic dynasty and Messiah.  His brothers will admire him and all will say "I am a Yehudi or Judahite or Jew!  They will not want to distinguish themselves as being  a Reubenite or a Simeonite, etc.  All will be called Jews.

5. Zebulun engaged in commerce and supported Issachar, so Jacob gave precedence to him first with his prophecy.  Zebulun shall live by the seaside.  He shall live by a ship's harbor, and his last border will reach Zidon.  He was the 6th born.  His tribe got territory in the central Canaan called the Valley of Jezreel.  They are connected with trading.  The scholarly descendants of Issachar were supported by the tribe of Zebulun.

6. Issachar, who is older than Zebulun,  will live between the boundaries.  He's like a strong-boned donkey in that he enjoys peace and tranquility and pleasant land.  He will not be afraid to work on it and will be an indentured laborer. He really was the 5th son and had the 3rd largest tribe with 64,309 at the end of the exodus.  Their land was between Mt. Tabor and the  Jordan River including much of the Valley of Jezreel which was fertile.  Some of the tribe was saved from the Assyrian exile, and men of this tribe answered Hezekiah's calls to celebrate Passover in Jerusalem. Their scholars were supported by the tribe of Zebulun. 

Jacob went on to the older son Dan,  of Bilhah,  Rachel's maidservant.  He mentions Rachels 2 sons for the end.
7. Dan will avenge his people.  The tribes of Israel will be united as one.  Dan will be like a snake laying on a highway or a viper by the path that bites a horse's heels so the rider falls.  Jacob prayed for his salvation.  He was Jacob's 5th son.  He was given a section south of Jaffa, but forced back into the hill country by the Amorites.  Only a part of the tribe remained on the coastal region.  A large part of the tribe took a settlement area from the Phoenicians arund Laish.  The northern part of Dan was the site of a temple where the descendants of Manasseh or Moses acted as priests.  It then was one of the cult centers in Ephraim.  Jeroboam put in it the image of a calf to draw away worshippers from Jerusalem.  Dan was captured by the Syrian, Ben Hadad in 900 BCE. The biblical city of Dan (Laish) has been excavated.  

Then Jacob spoke about Zilpah's older son, Gad.
8.  Gad will also be a fighter and will recruit a regiment, but it will retreat on its heel. Jacob had prophesied that after the conquest, Gad would return safely on its heel  by the same roads and paths that they had first traveled, and not one of the troops would be lost.   Their territory was on the east of the Jordan.   They crossed the river to assist their brothers in conquering the land.  

Zilpah's 2nd son was next:
9. Asher:  Asher's land will be so rich in olive groves that it will flow with oil like a fountain and he will provide kingly delicacies.  His rich produce will be worthy of royal tables and will be sought by kings.  His bread will have richness.  His land extended from Western Galilee to the South of Carmel.  Actually, he was Jacob's 8th son.  

Bilhah's 2nd son:
10. Naphtali is like a hind (deer) let loose who delivers beautiful sayings.  He must have a gift of words.  He really was the 6th son of Jacob.  His tribe would live in the northern part of Canaan including the whole east coast of the Sea of Galilee and the mountains of Galilee.  They warred against Sisera and Gideon's campaign against the Midianites.  His land was overrun by the Arameans in the time of Baasha, but large section of its people were exiled by Tiglath-Pileser.  The survivors were ancestors of many of the Jews living in the Galilee in the 2nd Temple times.  

Jacob then was able to marry Rachel and had two sons.  Rachel died soon after the birth of Benjamin, her youngest.  Her first son was Joseph, the brother that the other sons were jealous of and had sold to passing traders causing Joseph to end up in Egypt and be lost to the family for many years. 
Only Joseph was given this special coat
causing a lot of jealousy 
Joseph sold into slavery by jealous brothers

11. Joseph is his charming son, handsome like his beautiful mother.  Joseph will not inherit land in Canaan but his 2 sons, Ephraim and Manasseh will in his place.  They have maintained their religion in the face of hostility and temptation of Egyptian culture.  Son Joseph had risen to power despite the hatred he had suffered.  First it was his own brothers, then Potiphar and his wife of Egypt had all embittered him and became his antagonists.  He suffered from malicious slander and gossip, but despite them, he rose to prominence.  Joseph then became like the shepherd who provided aid for Jacob, THE STONE OF ISRAEL.  

Rachel's first son was saved for the final prophesy list:  At this point, Joseph cried over his father and kissed him.  Joseph had been Jacob's favorite son, being the first from Rachel.  They hadn't seen each other for so long until Jacob came upon him in Egypt and saw the powerful position had now had.
    a. Manasseh's tribe would be divided into 7 families with one called Machir and the 6 others claiming kinship with Gilead.  Half of this tribe went together with those from Reuben and Gad to have land in Transjordania.  Moses allowed it on condition that they would go to the remaining tribes in the conquest of the land as scouts.  They got Gilead, Bshan and Argob.  The other half of the tribe got land in the west of the country around the Valley of Jezreel, both highly fertile land.  Tiglath-Pileser III and Sargon exiled much of the population which was partly descended from Simeon. A Jewish population partly from Simeon still existed in the West Manasseh region in the earlier 2nd Temple period.  Evidently Assyria had left a few in 721 BCE.  
           b. Ephriam: had hill country included in his land, noted for its fertility.  In the beginning, they claimed priority over other tribes due to the first religious center was Shiloh that was in their territory.  The ceding from the other tribes after Solomon's death of the Northern tribes centered on the tribe of Ephriam because Jeroboam, 1st king of these Northern tribes, was an Ephramite.  Later prophets spoke of the House of Judah and the House of Ephraim. as the 2 branches of the Hebrew people.    

12. Benjamin:  His descendants will be like a wolf; mighty and fearless warriors.  In the morning he will devour prey and in the evening he will distribute spoils.  He sounds like a Robin Hood.  King Saul, Israel's first king, was a Benjamite had a short reign but in that time had defeated Moab, Edom and Philistia.  

 The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia
Tanakh, The Stone Edition (Bible) Genesis 49-50


Wednesday, July 11, 2018

Israel's Civil War,Ceding From the Family Union:

Nadene Goldfoot                                               
                          So, it all started with King Solomon.
King Solomon, son of King David and Bathsheba
and from the tribe of Judah
Reigned from 961 BCE to 920 BCE
Known for building the first Temple in Jerusalem
and his wisdom in judging people's problems
He was known to have 1,000 wives and concubines.
His kingdom stretched from Egypt to the Euphrates River.
However, his forced labor policy impoverished the country.
Edomites and Arameans began to revolt.  
Solomon deciding on who the mother of a child was of 2 women

The problem started with King Solomon's death in 920 BCE.  He had been taxing all the 12 tribes heavily in building the Temple.  His  superintendant of forced labor during Solomon's reign, Jeroboam, an Ephraimite succeeded him as king of Israel ruling from 933 to 912 BCE. 
Joseph wasn't given any tribal land.  Instead, his allotment went to his 2 sons.  His first son was Manasseh. the other-Ephriam.
Jacob, Joseph's father, had conferred on them an equal portion along with his own 11 other sons in the division of Canaan.  
. Jacob also blessed Ephraim over his older brother (Genesis 48:20).Joseph had been kidnapped earlier and wound up in Egypt as the Viceroy with important duties.  

 He had led a northern tribe  revolt and had left to be in Egypt.  He returned when Solomon had died, leading  a delegation of the northern 10 tribes  demanding changes in forced labor.  This was refused  by Solomon's son, King Rehoboam and the northern tribes declared a ceding from the union.  Since this important meeting was in Shechem, Shechem became their capital. 
Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem with the help of the king of Tyre

 The tribe of Judah had been fighting with the others over this so had their own king being Solomon's son, Rehoboam.   His mother was Naamah, an Ammonite,  Rehoboam was king  from 933 to 917 BCE.   Judah, Simeon  and most of Benjamin remained loyal to him and back him in his refusal to let up on the taxation Solomon had put in place, even though the the northern tribes had demanded relief from it.  Then  King Shishak of Egypt (originally of Libya) took advantage of the split and overran Judah and plundered the Temple for riches in Rehoboam's 5th year as a king.  When Jeroboam had fled to Egypt, he had stayed with Shishak!  
Ethiopian Jewish immigrants on the last flight to Israel
Assyria attacked the 12 tribes in 722 BCE and the next year in 721 BCE, taking away the best of the people.  From Eldad Hadani who reported their history, the tribe of Dan that lived along the coast, was a strong warrior tribe that went into voluntary exile when the Israelite kingdom was divided after Solomon's death because they didn't want to participate in the imminent civil war between the Kingdoms of Judah and the Kingdoms of Israel.  He was right.  A war was waged later, and according to the report we read in Chronicles 13, half a million people were killed.  Dan had migrated from Israel to Egypt and continued along the Nile to Ethiopia.  This tradition has been supported by the great Sages down the ages.  Today Israel has taken in Ethiopians as citizens who have claim to be Jewish.  The Radbaz, a past sage, wrote "Those who come from the land of Ethiopia are certainly from the tribe of Dan, and because there were no sages and Cabbalists among them they only followed the written law of Moses.  Rabbi Jacob Kastro, the Maharikas, wrote, "We are commanded to redeem and restore the Ethiopian Jews, although they behave like the Karaites, because they are of the Dan tribes and didn't learn from Zadok and Boethus."  As for DNA, the Ethiopians do not show a connection to others, but their culture does.  Perhaps DNA doesn't show ancient DNA at the time of their testing for comparisons with today.  Give it time.  It will.  However, the rabbis have concluded according to reliable evidence and testimonies that the Ethiopian Jews do come from the tribe of Dan and in light of this halakhic tradition agreed with by the Chief Rabbi of Israel the Jews of Ethiopia have already begun to immigrate to Israel.  By 2012, their numbers in Israel are estimated at some 80,000 which does include converts to Christianity who are called the Falashmura.  Most have already reached Israel and have become Israeli citizens.  The Amishav Organization has information about them, but many other organization have been involved in bringing them to Israel.  They were facing dangerous times being persecuted for their religion by the surrounding peoples.  

King Saul was Israel's first king and was a Benjamite.  After the brief period of the united kingdom of IsraelBenjamin became part of the southern kingdom of Judah following the split into two kingdoms.  After the destruction of the northern kingdom, Benjamin was absorbed into the southern kingdom. When the southern kingdom was destroyed in the early sixth century BCE by the Babylonians,  Benjamin as an organized tribe faded from history.  But DNA remains.  Pashtuns claim to be from the tribe of Benjamin and from King Saul's grandson, Afghani.  
Bnei Menashe community of northeastern India is returning to Israel.  These
belong to the Tribe of Manasseh who had been dispersed from Israel by the Assyrians some 2700 years ago.

The tribe of Manasseh was made up of a half of a tribe and were carried away by Pul, King of Assyria and Tiglath-Pilneser, also king of Assyria along with the Reubenites and the Gadits and brought them to Halah, Habor and Hara, and to the river Gozan.  (This is found in 1 Chronicles, 5:23-26.)

As for Manasseh several modern day groups claim descent, with varying levels of academic and rabbinical support. The Samaritans claim that some of their adherents are descended from this tribe. Further afield, in northeast India, the Kuki-Chin-Mizo Jews claim descent from Manasseh, and call themselves Bnei Menashe; in 2005 Shlomo AmarSephardi Chief Rabbi of Israel, announced that he regarded this claim to be true, which under the Law of Return allows them to emigrate to Israel, as long as they formally convert to Judaism in accordance with halachic standards.

The Reubenites were one of three tribes (Gad, East Manasseh) occupying land east of the Jordan River. These three tribes became known as the Transjordan Tribes.
The tribe of Reuben, as well as those of Gad and East Manasseh, were known for their large herds and flocks. They, thus, required much grazing land. Did they find the same sort of place to live in Afghanistan or Pakistan?  
Descended from the Tribe of Dan 2,739 years ago
at least when Assyrians attacked our Northern Tribes
They have been living in Ethiopia

I had the amazing experience of seeing the Ethiopian Jews in Israel as they lived across the street from my apartment in Safed.  They came in being quite ill and were taken to the hospital for treatment before living in the apartments.  Now, Safed is in the North, and it is cold in the wintertime.  Of course, this would happen that people from Africa would be placed in the colder northern part of Israel. As it turned out, this was the place where there were empty apartments.   They came dressed in sheets and were barefooted.  The community of Safed opened an empty apartment and turned it into a clothing shop so the new arrivals could pick and choose clothing themselves.  Soon, they were acting just like the rest of Israelis in the supermarket.  There was an art exhibit of their work in a center that I remember.  Such beautiful people, I remember, with a delicate bone structure and beautiful faces.  

Dr. Navras Jaat Aafreedi in Jerusalem, a Pashto.
Behind him is the Wall, the Kotel where Jews say prayers

Israel is to fund a rare genetic study to determine whether there is a link between the lost tribes of Israel and the Pashtuns of Afghanistan and northern Pakistan.

Resource:  The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia
Book:  The Tribes of Israel-The Lost and the Dispersed, by Rabbi Eliyahu Avichail, from Jerusalem