Thursday, July 31, 2014

When Hamas Took Over Power in Gaza

Nadene Goldfoot                                    
              Ismail Haniyeh of the Palestinian unity government from Hamas,
             Former Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority.  

Israel destroyed Haniyeh's home.  "“My house is not dearer than any of the houses of our people,” Haniyeh was quoted as saying on a Hamas website. “The destruction of stones will not break our will and we will continue our resistance until we gain freedom.”  We're all wondering what freedom he is talking about.  He was the leading Prime minister of his people and was to give them better living conditions, but all the money went into tunnels to shoot at Israel from.  During Operation Protective Edge, the leaders have been hiding out in bunkers or Qatar while the civilians have wandered about seeking shelter on their own with directions from Israel that Hamas tells them to ignore.  

"First Intifada began in 1987.. Violence, riots, general strikes, and civil disobedience campaigns by Palestinians spread across the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Israeli forces responded with tear gas, plastic bullets, and live ammunition. After the outbreak of the First Intifada, Shaikh Ahmed Yassin created Hamas from the Gaza wing of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood. Until that point the Muslim Brotherhood in Gaza had enjoyed the support of the Israeli authorities and had refrained from violent attacks. However, Hamas quickly began attacks on Israeli military targets, and subsequently, Israeli civilians. The Israeli army killed more than 1,000 Palestinians in the first intifada whilst 164 Israelis were killed. Allegedly almost half (1,000) of the total Palestinian casualties were caused by internal fighting among Palestinian factions.

November 15, 1988 "An independent State of Palestine was proclaimed by the Palestinian National Council meeting in Algiers, by a vote of 253 to 46.  The Intifada was not over until 1991.  

The story continues "in June 2002, when Bush in a White House speech pressed for the Palestinians to “to elect new leaders” and “build a practicing democracy.” Bush was initially determined to promote an alternative to Yasir Arafat, but after Arafat died, he continued to urge elections as part of the administration’s plan to build Arab democracies. In February 2005, Mahmoud Abbas won an election to succeed Arafat as president of the Palestinian Authority, and at Bush’s urging, agreed to hold elections for a legislative council, which were scheduled for August and then postponed until January 2006".

Remember what happened in 2005 and why.  "And so it went until 2005 when Israel decided to pack up and leave Gaza for the Palestinians who promised to be peaceful neighbors.  Their departure went on from August 15 to September 12, 2005. All  9,000 Israelis left Gaza.  This corresponded to Israel decision to empty 4 Israeli cities in Judea-Samaria also for the Arabs. There were constant attacks on Jews by bombing,from  suicide bombers and other attacks.   Attacks on Jews continued in August on throughout the end of the year from terrorists. "

The Palestinians held an election a first of such an event for these people.  It took place in 2006.  At the time the PLC was dominated by the Fatah terrorists (former PLO under Arafat) movement which held 68 of the 88 seats.  They were not a group of one mind, but had been bothered by a lot of infighting before the elections.  It was the younger men like Mohammed Dahlan who was part of the Oslo Accords that threw out allegations of corruption against Fatah leaders.  There were different factions.  Barghouti was in jail but was able to get out his list of preferred people and was campaigning for Fatah.
Hamas terrorists refused to recognize the right of Israel to exist. They were "based on the principles of Islamism which was gaining momentum throughout the Arab world in the 1980s.   Hamas had been founded in 1987 (during the First Intifada of 1987-1992) as an offshoot of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood."  They had refused to participate in the 1996 elections because it viewed the PA as illegitimate due to its negotiations with Israel.

The idea of a Palestinian Authority dominated by Hamas , on world lists as a terrorist group,  alarmed Western governments.  This caused the reconciliation between the main Fatah list and the Al-Mustaqbal faction that had broken away.

Elections were held on 25 January 2006.  Hamas won 74 seats over Fatahs 45.  Hamas had taken 44.5% of the vote and Fatah had 41.43%.  The Prime Minister, Ahmed Qurei resigned and Mahmoud Abbas remained as interim Prime Minister until 19 February 2006 when Hamas leader Ismail Haniya formed a new government.  

According to Haniya, he wrote a letter to President Bush and asked for his new government to be recognized.  He offered to establish a border on the 1967 boundaries and agreed to a long-term truce.   Evidently this is why Obama kept harping on the 1967 borders when he and Netanyahu were on a TV program together and Netanyahu kept explaining why this was not reasonable for Israel to do that.

Haniya said in his letter that they were so concerned about stability and security in the area that "we don't mind having a Palestinian state in the 1967 borders and offering a truce for many years....We are not warmongers, we are peace makers, and we call on the American government to have direct negotiations with the elected government.  He urged the American government to act "to end the International boycott because the continuation of this situation will encourage violence and chaos in the whole region."

What was going on was that international aid agencies had been sending aid for the PA as long as they behaved in a democratic manner and governed well.  The agencies boycotted the Palestinians when Hamas was elected.**  $12 billion from USA and EU coming into the PA budget every year was now in jeopardy.  Israel asked for economic sanctions. Hamas didn't receive the aid they thought they had coming.

Haniya said that President Bush never answered his letter and the USA continued its boycott of Hamas and of Gaza.  The 2006-2007 economic sanctions against the Palestinian national Authority were imposed by Israel and the Quartet on the Middle East against the PA and the Palestinian territories.  Israel and the Quartet have said that sanctions would be lifted only when the Palestinian government has met the following demands:
1. Renounce Violence
2. Recognition of Israel by the Hamas government as had the PLO
3. Accept the previous agreements between Israel and the PA on territorial sanctions on PA ending in 2007.

Hamas  denies that they are terrorists. Here is an example of what terrorists were like.  "The Ma'alot massacre occurred in May 1974 and involved a two-day hostage-taking of 115 people which ended in the deaths of over 25 hostages. It began with three armed members of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP).  This was similar to the 3rd group (PFLP-Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine) who ran in the elections causing Hamas to win over Fatah. They  entered Israel from Lebanon. Soon afterwards they attacked a van, killing two Israeli Arab women while injuring a third and entered an apartment building in the town of Ma'alot, where they killed a couple and their four-year-old son. From there, they headed for the Netiv Meir Elementary School, where they took more than 115 people (including 105 children) hostage on 15 May 1974, in Ma'alot. 

Most of the hostages were teenagers from a high school in Safad on a Gadna field trip spending the night in Ma'alot. The hostage-takers soon issued demands for the release of 23 Palestinian militants from Israeli prisons, or else they would kill the students. On the second day of the standoff, a unit of the Golani Brigade stormed the building. During the takeover, the hostage-takers killed children with grenades and automatic weapons.e  Ultimately, 25 hostages, including 22 children, were killed and 68 more were injured.  When I lived in Safed from 1981 to 85 I saw the cemetery where they were buried and heard about what terrorists had done.  My apartment on the ground floor of a high rising building had bars on the living room window to protect us from terrorist attacks.  

"While Obama sought initially to press Israel to conclude an agreement with the Palestinians, he continued to harbor the illusion that it could be done while pretending that Hamas does not exist. Obama also followed the Bush administration in rejecting the idea of a unity government between Hamas and Fatah when the two parties again agreed to reconcile early last year. The agreement fell apartand not least because of an absence of American support. "

The latest union of Hamas-Fatah in creating Palestine has been accepted by Obama and Kerry without any assurances for Israel.  Netanyahu has added stipulations before he agrees.  Before anything could happen, rockets have rained down on Israel is large numbers bringing about Operation Protective Edge, now in its 3rd week.  A 72 hour cease  fire is to take place tomorrow starting 8 am between Israel and Hamas in Gaza. 1.8 million Palestinian Hamas of Gaza have been attacking 8.7 million Israelis with rockets, mortars and missiles as well as the newly found tunnels whereby they pop up and shoot from.  
     1980  Safed, Israel ground floor apartment with bars on windows to protect from terrorists.

  8/1/14 Update   The 72 hour cease fire was broken by Hamas after 1.5 hours by shooting and killing two IDF and kidnapping the 3rd.     This has brought on the end of the cease fire and Israel is reacting strongly.                                                                        
Today's president of Palestine is Abbas.  Prime Minister is Rami Hamdallah.

Resource:,_2006 **'alot_massacre
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