|Expelled Jews from Arab Lands, notice pointed hats on women|
|Rabbi in Palestine, probably from 1880 to early 1900s. Hat is a shtreimal, fur hat worn by Hasidic Jews. Yellow belt may be the distincive badge here.|
Shortly after Mohammad had died in 632, Moslem rulers from the 7th century ordered that Jews and Christians had to wear special clothing to distinguish them from the "believers." This was followed judiciously in Egypt in the 10th century. At this time, Jews and Christians were given 2nd class citizen status as dhimmis with all sorts of rules besides clothing.
|Jew of Ottoman Empire Days|
The type of clothing varied from country to country, but always it seemed to be designed to make Jews and Christians appear inferior and foolish. In many countries the Jews were even required to go barefoot. Today we often hear Muslims in the Middle East charging Israel with unfairness and discrimination in regard to the administration of Israel’s Muslim populations. How can they say this when Palestinians who remained in the state number 1.7 million as 1st class citizens today? They should be apprised of how their ancestors treated Jews caught living in Moslem countries long ago. Jews are not repeating the agonies they had to endear back then.
|Jewish captives in Arab land|
|German Jews in 13th century|
The concept was introduced into Christian Europe by 1215 at the 4th Lateran Council. They ordered that Jews and other infidels (Moslems?) should be distinguished from Christians by their clothing. This became the law throughout Europe-and was strictly followed, especially in Italy after 1555 which was the Counter-Reformation.
|Found on calendar, the Jewish hat forced to wear-getting ready for Sukkot with Lulav and Etrog|
|Jewish pointed hat, 14th century|
|Jewish woman, yellow citcle|
The Nazis resurrected this practice as part of their persecutions during the Holocaust. Reinhard Heydrich, chief of the Reich Main Security Office, first recommended that Jews should wear identifying badges following the Kristallnacht pogrom of November 9 and 10, 1938.
|Blue star on white background in Poland as armband|
Shortly after the invasion of Poland in September 1939, local German authorities began introducing mandatory wearing of badges. By the end of 1939, all Jews in the newly-acquired Polish territories were required to wear badges.
Resource: The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia
http://www.holocaustcenter.org/holocaust-badges .....many more badges shown in pictures