|President Lyndon B. Johnson of USA during Israel's Six Day War|
|Prime Minister of Israel during Six Day War, Levi Eshkol|
June 5th to June 11th, 1967 when Egypt, Jordan, Iraq and Syria's armies
|Richard Helms, Director of CIA from 1966 to 1973|
under Johnson and Nixon.
Arab hostility and hatred never slackened. Egypt was again their leader in wanting to get even since Israel had won wars against them from the Arabs in 1948, and 1956 and all the attacks in between.
WE BELIEVE THAT THE EVIL WHICH WAS PLACED IN THE HEART OF THE ARAB WORLD SHOULD BE ERADICATED ! This was sent to King Hussein of Jordan on March 13, 1961.
THE PROSPECTS ARE FOR WAR WITH ISRAEL. IT IS WE WHO WILL DICTATE THE TIME. IT IS WE WHO WILL DICTATE THE PLACE. Nasser said this from Cairo on February 24, 1964.
THE ARAB NATIONAL AIM IS THE ELIMINATION OF ISRAEL. Nasser published this with President Aref of Iraq on May 25, 1965.
|Nureddin al-Atassi President from 1966 to 1970 of Syria|
born in Homs, Syria in 1929
|Leonid Brezhnev, Chairman of Presidiuim of USSR Oct 1964 to November 1982|
shared power with Premier Alexei Kosygin
Israel had launched a preemptive strike in the Sinai in 1956 without Washington's direct approval, and the CIA was angry about it. Imagine-it was strike or be killed and Israel didn't have the time to waste to defend itself to have to call and wait for approval. Now the CIA had been briefed from the Israeli embassy in Washington about Israel's plans to preempt an Arab invasion that was seen from their binoculars. Egypt had already closed the Straits of Tiran on any ship trying to get to Israel. The Arabs had formed a war pact against Israel and their soldiers were sitting along the frontiers with Israel. Jordan's army was among them, being led by an Egyptian officer. The Arabs were busy making speeches, and they publicly proclaimed that they were going to destroy Israel.
WE ARE RESOLVED, DETERMINED AND UNITED, TO ACHIEVE OUR CLEAR AIM OF WIPING ISRAEL OFF THE MAP...THIS IS THE DAY TO WASH AWAY THE STAIN. GOD WILLING, WE SHALL MEET IN TEL AVIV AND HAIFA. This was said on Radio Baghdad by President Aref of Iraq on June 1, 1967. It was only one of other threatening comments.
Every major facet of the impeding campaign of the Israelis was first discussed in advance with the CIA including a strike against Syria. The US government knew that Israel planned to attack the Golan Heights before it happened and gave them the OK. Syria, who held it, was in thick with the Russians and was not a friend of the USA. Jordan was different. A CIA agent in Amman, Jordan leaked word to Jordan's King Hussein about the secret Israeli briefing, thinking this was good news. He told Jordan that the Israelis would counterattack only in the north and south against Egypt and Syria and not Jordan.
Israel had been under USA pressure to not send the IDF into Judea and Samaria (West Bank) which was their eastern border. They would not do this as long as Jordan didn't attack Israel. That way, Jordan would not lose the provinces of Judea, Samaria and the old city of Jerusalem that they held even though they had stolen these from Israel in 1948 as they had been part of the planned Jewish National Home being they were the Jewish original lands.
However, as many plans go astray, it turns out that of course Jordan was under pressure from the other Arabs to join in the attack against Israel, so they had to make a showing. It was only about 9 miles from Israel to the ocean. A Jordanian armored column could cut the country in half, King Hussein thought.
Hussein then sent Jordanian troops to attack from Syria while he promised the CIA that not a single Jordanian soldier would attack Israel from the West Bank. Thus, the CIA told Israel that Jordan would not attack from the east.. Well, Israel does have Mossad and Mossad has spies, just like the CIA. They found out quickly about the deal with Hussein and were furious! This was a big deal to the safety plans for Israel.
Then Israel found out more. The CIA had also made a deal with the Egyptians. As it turns out, the CIA was actually acting like the messenger boy for others because the deal this time was made in the White House, Aramco and the other big players in the oil business who were concerned that American aid to Israel would alienate the Arab oil producers.
It wasn't enough that the White House was withholding military assistance to Israel in this coming war. The Moslem world knew that the USA was still neutral but still favored Israel. The oil men wanted some under-the-table help for the Arabs.
At this time, Lyndon B. Johnson was President of the USA. The oil producers got to LBJ or his closest person and asked if the president could throw the Arabs a bone. They wanted to keep the oil flowing no matter what was going to happen. So the White House approved a contingency plan to send the Arabs a little intelligence about the IDF; not too much, nothing that would change the balance of the war. Their plans fell through and the small-scale contingency plan just expanded! Only some of the staff in the WHITE HOUSE, the NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY AND THE CIA knew what had happened, and they all accused each other of the leaks.
The CIA had had few positive experiences by 1967. They were successful in 1949 with a Syrian coup, and installed the Shah of Iran in 1953, but they failed in rolling back communism and in keeping the Middle East safe for the oil companies. They were failures with Egypt even though Kermit Roosevelt and Miles Copeland had worked on them for a long time to get Nasser to be their tame puppet. Nasser was favoring the Soviets instead.
|USS Liberty, American ship attacked by Israel on June 8th, 1967|
that had been spying on Israel with information for her enemies. Israel apologized for the attack, saying that the USS Liberty had been attacked in error after being mistaken for an Egyptian ship
In May 1968, the Israeli government paid US$3,323,500 (US$22.9 million 2017) in compensation to the families of the 34 men killed in the attack
Israel waited for 3 weeks from May 15th for international intervention to stop the escalation and remove the threat from its frontiers. They were all incapable of effecting any change. On June 5th, War broke out.
On June 4th, King Hussein had called Nasser to tell him that the CIA had just alerted him that the Israelis would attack in the morning. Again, Nasser laughed off the CIA's betrayal of Israel's plans. The Americans had called Wolf once too often. The Egyptians stopped laughter on June 5th.
King Hussein was angry with the CIA, ignoring the fact that he had lied to them about not attacking. Jordan had also been shooting in Jerusalem before Israel had fired one shot at Jordan. The Jordanians had also had an air attack on Israel before the war even started.
Israel destroyed the armies along its frontiers and were menacing its vital centers. Cease-fire lines were established along the Suez Canal, the Jordan River and the Golan Heights. The Straits of Tiran were open to navigation and Jerusalem was finally re-unified like it was in 1947-48.
In 6 days Israel had won, despite all the conniving against her from her "friends." Which tells you something; Israel as been rightly needing its friends but must rely on itself also, as it has done, knowing it has G-d's help. And as we know, G-d helps those who help themselves.
|Levi Shkolnik in 1920's Palestine|
Resource: p. 46 Facts About Israel, Division of Information, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Jerusalem, Israel
Book: The Secret War Against the Jews" by John Loftus and Mark Aarons: How western espionage betrayed the Jewish people. 1994