The Arab League are the ones who created the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). They did this in Cairo in 1964 as a weapon against Israel. The Arab League was formed in 1945 by: Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan (Transjordan then), Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Libya joined in 1953. The main issue uniting them all has been the common enmity towards Israel. They banded together in the joint war against Israel in 1948-1949. They suffered in that from their own rivalry. It became a tool of President Nasser.
|Arafat speaking at UN|
1. No peace with Israel
2. No negotiations with Israel
3. No recognition with Israel
WITHDRAWAL OF ISRAELI ARMED FORCES FROM TERRITORIES OCCUPIED IN THE RECENT CONFLICT! They deliberately omitted the highlighted segment from the resolution by its sponsors. The Arab governments interpreted it as requiring a complete Israeli withdrawal. There were no take-backs of the 3 points from the Kartoum Conference, either. They expected to keep their position on one hand but to remove the Jews on the other hand.
|Fatah ready to terrorize|
The PLO or any other Palestinian groups campaigned for Jordan or Egypt to create an independent Palestinian state in Judea or Samaria (West Bank) and Gaza. They were all a mixed group of people, not from any state of non-existent Palestine. That was just a name the Romans called the land, not a country with a ruler, a people, a language AND a religion.
|1967 and finally seeing the Western Wall in Jerusalem again|
Deprived since 1948 by Jordan
776 IDF lost their lives in this war out of 200,000 total forces of Israel
Israel had a population then of 2.745 million.
The Egyptians went ahead and used these false reports as a pretext for putting the bulk of their army in the Sinai. They installed their 90,000 men and 900 tanks there.
Egypt in the lead, the Arab states formed a war pact against Israel. The armies of Jordan, Iraq and Syria began to concentrate their forces along the frontiers with Israel. The Jordanian Army was placed under the command of an Egyptian officer. In speeches made during that period, Arab leaders affirmed publicly their intention to destroy Israel.
In 6 days, Israel destroyed the armies that had massed along its frontier and menaced its vital centers. Cease-fire lines were created along the Suez Canal, Jordan River and the Golan Heights. The Straits of Tiran were once again open to navigation. Jerusalem was unified.
|Today's 22 Arab League Members|
|Sharm el-Sheikh is at the southern tip of the Sinai peninsula,|
it is in a strategic position controlling the Straits of Tiran, important in 1956 War
and 6 Day War, both times fortified by Egyptians to prevent shipping sailing to Elat.
Israel didn't want to annex a large Arab population. They held the position that the Jordan River should no longer be open to crossing by Arab troops, however. To assure this, there must be an Israeli foothold in the Jordan Valley.
Every time negotiations have been held, the Palestinians just say NO. The UN had a mediator, Ambassador Jarring. Everything came to a halt in February 1971. He had submitted a proposal that Israel should withdraw to the former international boundary between Egypt and the British Mandated territories of Palestine.
The Arabs continued a War of Attrition for 2 years after the 1967 war in which they tried to wear down Israel's resolve to expect a peace with them and to have secure borders. This 2 year war was along the cease fire lines and mostly along the Suez Canal and the Jordan river. The PLO were the supplement who held "sporadic terrorist operations and included their other spin-off groups as well. They terrorized those in the administered areas and even in Israel. They failed everywhere.
|Abdel Nasser (1918-1970)|
Officer invaded Palestine 1948
1967-head of Arab Coalition against Israel
|Anwar Sadat (1918-1981)|
President of Egypt 1970-1981
Nevertheless, War broke out again in 1973 with the Yom Kippur War, Arabs attacking on the Holiest Day of the Year, a day when Jews were fasting and praying in their synagogues all over the world.
|General Abdel Fattah el- Sisi born 1954|
6th President of Egypt June 2014 to today
|The Palestine Group creating a State|
A Conference was held on Sunday, January 15, 2017 about the 2 state solution and getting it done. "The U.K. emerged skeptical of the summit's results, with the British Foreign Office saying it had "particular reservations" about peace talks held without either Israeli or Palestinian leaders. In a statement, it also questioned the effectiveness of a summit "taking place just days before the transition to a new American President when the U.S. will be the ultimate guarantor of any agreement." One country out of the 70 was skeptical. That's our gang, for you. Over 70 countries and international organisations will attend this conference hosted by Jean-Marc Ayrault, at which the French President François Hollande will speak. The major international players concerned are: the Quartet (United States, European Union, Russia, United Nations), the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, Arab and European partners, G20 countries and other actors committed to peace. This is a wider international conference in terms of participation than that of 3 June 2016, resulting from the momentum we have managed to generate for our initiative. It will be France’s role to inform Israel and the Palestinian Authority of the Conference’s message.
January 17, 2017: Unilateral actions threaten to unravel the two-state solution between Israelis and Palestinians, the United Nations focal point on the Middle East today told the Security Council, stressing that both sides must do their part to create the necessary conditions to launch direct negotiations.
Resource Facts About Israel 1973, division of Information, ministry for foreign affairs, Jerusalem
The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia
Messages From a Syrian Jews Trapped in Egypt