Know that Abraham, the first monotheist, father of Ishmael, traditionally the ancestor of the Arab peoples and Isaac, father of Jacob-Israel, was born in c1948 BCE. Until the boy king Tut's father, Akhenaten (c1350 BCE) , had his revelation of worshipping only one G-d, the Sun, primitive people had been worshipping a multitude of gods, and enjoyed doing so. Akhenaten was an anomaly, and his worship and plans of changing the religion of his people were not successful. Young King Tut went back to the old ways of their religion. This part of Egyptian history goes back to their 18th Dynasty from 1569-1350 BCE. His place in history comes after Moses who was born about 50 years before him in 1391-1393 BCE and died in 1271-1273 BCE before this Pharaoh. A pharaoh was looked upon as a god. Egyptians became polytheistic again with Tut. It suited their lifestyle, their economic structure of keeping people working.
|Israelites entering Canaan led by Joshua since Moses died just before|
Abram and Sarai were nomadic people on the verge of settling down. When there was a famine in the land, he and Sarah went into Egypt, begging her to call him a brother and not a husband, for she was beautiful-though old, and he was afraid of being killed in order to steal her away by the Egyptians. Living through that escapade, they returned to Eretz Yisrael/Canaan with much livestock, silver and gold. He traveled towards Beth-el where his first tent had been pitched where he had also built an altar.
|Lot pointing in the direction he'll move to in order to keep peace between their herdsmen. Abraham will remain where he is.|
Lot chose the whole plain of the Jordan River to reside. Abram stayed in the land of Canaan and Lot lived in the cities of the plain, being nomadic by pitching his tents as far as the city of Sodom, a city full of wicked and sinful people. Also quite nomadic, Abram moved his tent and lived in the plains of Mamre in Hebron, and built an altar there, too.
1. Amraphel, king of Shinar
2. Arioch, king of Ellasar
3. Chedorlaomer, king of Elam
4. Tidal, king of Goilim
They made war on the following:
1. Bera, king of Sodom
2. Birsha, king of Gomorrh
3. Shinab, king of Admah
4. Shemeber, king of Zeboiim
5. Zoar, king of Bela
At one time they all had been united at the Valley of Siddim (Salt Sea) under Chedorlaomer for 12 years, but then rebelled for 13 years. The next year Chedorlaomer and the 3 kings who stayed with him attacked
1. the Rephaim at Ashteroth-karnaim
2. the Zuzim in Ham
3. the Emim at Shaveh-kiriathaim
4. the Horites at Seir mountains
They had expanded as far as the Plain of Paran by the desert, turned back and came to En-mishpat (Kadesh). Then they struck all the land of the Amalekites and the Amorites who lived in Hazazon-tamar.
The king of Sodom and his 4 other partners fought the kings Amraphel and his 3 partners in the Valley of Siddim. The Valley of Siddim was full of bitumen (an asphalt of Asia Minor used in ancient times as a cement and mortar, like tar) wells and Sodom's king and pals fled and fell into them. Others fled to the mountain and took all of Sodom and Gomorrah's wealth and food and left. It was then that they kidnapped Lot and all his possessions. Of course Abram was told about it and his allies were Mamre, the Amorite, brother of Eshcol and brother of Aner. He had his workers, born during his life in his house, 318 of them, and they chased the kidnappers as far as Dan. They struck them at night, and chased them to Hobah which was north of Damascus and rescued them all including Lot, women and the rest of the men.
The priest gave Abram a 10th of all the possessions he brought back. The king of Sodom wanted all the people and gave the possessions to Abram. Abram nixed the offers and only accepted for his allies, their share and food they had eaten and nothing for himself. He didn't want to be beholding to this king of such an evil city.
The descendants of Abram were to be given the land from the river of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates; with the Kennite, Kenizzite, Kadmonite, Hittite, Perizzite, Rephaim, Amorite, Canaanite, Girgashite and Jebusite. One can see that there were many groups of people living in the land. Not all were of one people. They were fighters, used to forming gangs and beating up on each other.
|Sarai bringing Hagar to Abraham|
When Abram was 99, he learned through G-d that his name was now to be Abraham and he and Sarai-changed to Sarah, would have a son, Isaac. Sarah would bear the ancestor of kings. Sarah would be 90 years old giving birth for the 1st time to Isaac.
|Circumcision was practiced in Egypt, as found on the walls of tombs there. It was practiced by many Semites, and with Jews called "the covenant of Abraham as it was used as the sign of his covenant with G-d.|
20 years Jacob was with Laban in Haran
200 years of literal exile in Egypt
|Slaves making bricks in Egypt. Israelite slaves built a storage city in Egypt, not the pyramids. 2650 BCE is when the 1st pyramid was built, way before Moses was born.|
|Moses, who was Abraham's great, great, great grandson, led the Exodus from Egypt (1393-1273 BCE) The Exodus has been also figured to have happened from 1518 BCE by an astronomer.|
|Parting of the sea for crossing|
"the male ancestors of the Ashkenazi Jews could be traced mostly to the Middle East, refuting the belief that Ashkenazis are not real Jews and the political idea of some that they do not belong back there in the creation of Israel again in 1948 CE.
Also, "Jews (Ashkenazi and Sephardi) are more genetically similar to groups in northern Fertile Crescent (Kurds, Turks and Armenians) than to Arabs. The common genetic Middle Eastern background (of Jewish populations ) predates the ethnogenesis in the region and concludes that the Y chromosome pool of Jews is an integral part of the genetic landscape of Middle East."
1. E originated 50,000 years ago with groups from Middle East, those near Mediterranean, represent ancient genetic influence from Middle East to Europe. E1b1b (formerly E3b) is 2nd highest among Jews after J1. " It is found in moderate amounts in all Jewish populations, from Ashkenazi, Sephardic, Kurdish, Yemen, Samaritan and even among Djerba Jewish groups."
2. G originated about 30,000 years ago along eastern edge of Middle East; 7% of Ashkenazi Jews 1/3 of Moroccan Jews have this. Also, NE Europe has Jews with this.3. I originated, traces in Middle East
4. J, J2, J1 originated 10,000-15,000 years ago in Middle East Fertile Crescent including Jews, Arabs, Armenians, Kurds, and in Iran and Iraq; J2 in Mediterranean, India, Cohen Modal is J1. Cohens were descendants of Aaron, brother of Moses who was designated high priest in the Temple with responsibilities, a few still carried out today. 21 haplogroups have been found in Cohens evidently besides J1 "Five of them comprise 79.5% of all haplogroups of Cohen." In a summary by geneticists, they said of Cohens: " Our estimates of the coalescence time also lend support to the hypothesis that the extended CMH represents a unique founding lineage of the ancient Hebrews that has been paternally inherited along with the Jewish priesthood."
5. Q, Q1b1a, originated 15,000-20,000 years ago, migrated through northern Eurasia into area of Ur. 5% of today's Jews have this.
6. R, R1, R2 originated 30,000-35,000 years ago; T, common in Europe, Western Eurasia, R2 in India, Iran, central Asia. R1a perhaps with Khazarian Jews. domesticated horses, Levites found with this haplogroup, R1b is the most common in Europe from 10,000-12,000 years ago (Atlantic Modal Haplotype). Egyptian King Tut thought to be R1, and R1b are in 10% of Ashkenazi Jews.
Tanakh (Jewish Bible) Genesis 13: 1-17:23.The Stone Edition, ArtScroll Series, Mesorah Heritage Foundation
https://www.familytreedna.com/groups/jewishe3bproject/about/background E haplogroup information
The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia