Our concept of a riot in the USA is simply a demonstration, a march, posters, and perhaps people speaking with a mike in their hands.
|Painting of Jew Praying at Wailing Wall in 1860|
|Unknown date of photo-like a synagogue at Wall.|
|The Wailing Wall 1920|
|Painting of Praying Jews at the Wailing Wall (Kotel in Hebrew)|
| Captain Jeremiah Halpern (also known as Yirmiyahu Halpern and Yirmiyahu Halperin) (b. Smolensk, Russia, 1901; d. Tel Aviv, Israel, 1962) was a Revisionist Zionist leader in Palestine who first came to prominence when he served as aide de camp to Ze'ev Jabotinsky in the 1920s when the latter was head of the Haganah in Jerusalem.|
Halpern, a certified ship's captain, was known as Rav Hahovel (captain of the ship) for his role in the development of Jewish seamanship.
|Friday night symbols of Shabbat:|
Challah(special bread), candles and wine
along with sumptuous Shabbat dinner
Jews did their best to combat terror with terror in their newspaper, Doar HaYom who published a leaflet describing the Muslim march from the 1st hand accounts from Wolfgqang Von Weisl, and they were criticized by the Shaw report, a British report later who accused the paper for their poison of propaganda and put the blame of the riot on them first.
By 13:15, Arabs began the massacre of Jews. The rumor had been that 2 Arabs had been murdered by Jews, and the Arabs started the attack in the Old City of Jerusalem. Violence spread to all parts of Palestine. The Brits had fewer than 100 soldiers, 6 armoured cars, and 5 or 6 airplanes in all of Palestine. They did have 1,500 police, though, but most were Arabs with only a few being Jews, and they also had 175 British officers. They even had to use their English theology students visiting from the University of Oxford who were deputized. Meanwhile, many Jews were being killed at the Jaffa Gate and the Brits did nothing about it. They never fired their guns because, they said later, if they had shot into the Arab crowd, the mob would have turned on them.
Jews did return fire in the Jewish neighborhood of Yemin Moshe, but most of Jerusalem's Jews could not defend themselves or refused to do so. To make it worse, the Brits refused to hand out weapons to the Jews, so they had had no way to defend themselves. For Jews, this had been a gun-free zone!
By August 24, 17 Jews were killed in Jerusalem alone. The worst slaughter happened in the ancient city of Hebron and in Safed. Jews were also killed in Motza, Kfar Uria, Jerusalem and even in Tel Aviv. Many isolated attacks happened in smaller Jewish villages where 6 whole villages were completely destroyed. Along with the killings, the Arabs looted and burned down homes. In Haifa and Jaffa, the situation grew worse and one police officer warded off an attack on the quarter between Jaffa and Tel Aviv by firing on an Arab crowd. He was one brave policeman!
The hospitals were attacked. The Arabs were attacking several.
|Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem|
There were Arabs of Hebron who were good neighbors to the Jews, however, and they offered their Jewish neighbors sanctuary from the mob by hiding them in their own houses. Other Jews survived by hiding out in the British police station at Beit Ramon on the outskirts of the city. When the massacre ended, the surviving Jews were evacuated by the British.
|Today's Arab rock throwers at Temple Mount in Jerusalem|
|Today's Uzi sub-machine gun|
Only soldiers have guns in Israel, who carry them at all times,
even sleeping with them.
Later on August 23rd, the Brits armed 41 Jewish special constables, 18 Jewish ex-soldiers and 60 more Jews were issued staves (wooden sticks) for as a type of defensive arms in Jerusalem. The Grand Mufti announced now that a great Arab crowd was in the Haram area who were also demanding arms, and felt that by arming some Jews was a breach of faith by the government. The government denied these rumors but by the 27th of August felt they had to disband and disarm the special Jewish constables.
SAFED (TZFAT) MASSACRE
On the 29th of August at 5:15pm, Arab mobs attacked the Jews of Safed where 45 were killed or wounded, several homes and shops were set on fire, and there was complete destruction of property.
Arabs of Safed and the local surrounding villages were armed with weapons and kerosene tins. Victims were mutilated and then burned the bodies according to an eyewitness who described the pogrom. One woman's body was tied to a window and then burned. Several people were brutally killed. A schoolteacher, his wife and mother and a lawyer were cut to pieces with knives. Attackers then entered an orphanage and smashed the children's heads and cut off their hands. Another victim was stabbed repeatedly and trampled to death.
During the week of riots from August 23rd to August 29th, 7 days, 133 Jews and 116 Arabs were killed and 198 Jews and 232 Arabs were injured. More than 60 Jews had been killed in Hebron. The British police had to finally open fire to prevent outrages in Nablus and Jaffa. A police office had to fire on the Arab crowd to stop them. Many casualties were concluded in the Shaw report to have been caused by the police or military forces. Arabs accused the government forces of firing only at Arabs. The Jews were not the accosting mob, so there was no reason to shoot at them. The Grand Mufti was not tried in following trials, but many attributed him to the greater share of the blame than the official report. He must have had some type of protection going on.
At this time, Jews were being restricted in buying land when they were supposed to be helped by the British in creating the Jewish Homeland. Every step of the way they were given obstacles instead, like allowing Arabs to enter Palestine and restricting the Jews. (see Joan Peters-From time Immemorial, the origins of the Arab-Jewish conflict over Palestine)
|Bars on my ground- floor apartment in Safed 1980|
Living through a massacre throughout one's land was a traumatic event. This gave a black mark to the Arabs as far as the Jews were concerned. They had had enough of Russian pogroms, and to come to their homeland and experience even worse ones gave them the feelings of what could transpire further. Jews have lived with terrorism. The mentality of Palestinian Arabs has not changed much at all. Here they have been reacting to the very same fears about the Temple Mount in the very same way; shooting, and mainly stabbing with rioting caused by rumors. Do you wonder why Israel reacts as they do?
Wikipedia: 1929 Arab riots in Palestine, Part of Intercommunal violence in mandatory Palestine