Sunday, July 30, 2017

Getting the Most Out of Our 46 Chromosomes

Nadene Goldfoot                                          
We have 46 chromosomes in 23 pairs;  23 from Mom and 23 from Dad.  If they are related somewhat, we get a double dose of our inheritance in certain areas.  Most people's parents are not related, however,  so we get quite a variety. can tell you if you parents were related.  On these chromosomes are about 30,000 genes.  By 2005,  scientists didn't know the the functions for over 50% of identified genes.  Family Tree DNA shows you if your match is on your mother's side or your father's side or both.

Finally, I've discovered that geneticists know quite a bit about what each of our chromosomes does for us.  We who pursue DNA testing in finding people who match our set of chromosomes have always wondered what our new cousin shares with us besides the segments on some of our chromosomes.  Are we sharing hair color?  Love of art?  What?  The DNA testing company, 23&Me can tell you certain aspects such as taste that you share, but I haven't seen this in other companies.
DNA is in the shape of a  double helix,
2 spirals held together by pairs of nucleotides or base pairs
Sara Gottfried, M.D. has written the book, YOUNGER, which is a breakthrough program to reset your genes and reverse aging by turning back the clock 10 years.  It all has to do with what we eat.
She's a Harvard and MIT physician and scientist.

"After graduating from the physician-scientist training program at Harvard Medical School and MIT, Dr. Gottfried completed her residency at the University of California at San Francisco, where she still serves on the faculty. She is board-certified in Obstetrics and Gynecology, a teacher of the adjunct faculty at Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine, and a mentor to medical students in her integrative medicine practice, The Gottfried Center for Organic "  She has books about our hormones as well.  


I've had suspicions about this but now it's a proven fact.  Mothers affect their future babies by what they are eating during pregnancy.  I suppose that's why doctors prescribe a lot of vitamins for us during this period.  Our genes are controlled by on and off switches, and what we eat controls them.
I've discovered from this book that fasting periodically is good for our bodies.  It gives it a chance to retool and get certain elements functioning much better.  Our body needs this break.  There is such a thing as a fat gene.  If we're born with it, we still have a fighting chance not to be forever fat by how and what we eat.  Alzheimer's can be prevented by what we eat.  There is a gene for controlling our appetite!  I've always felt that my appistat (control of appetite) wasn't working.  I'd never feel full like other people say they are.

We grandmas also realize that how we feel about being pregnant can also affect the minds of their children.  Those babies who were wanted seem to turn out much better and are happier people.  Whether or not you nurse your baby affects that baby, and nursing is the best to do.  Actually, this is why in the past, women had babies every two years.  They nursed one baby for 2 years, keeping them unable to conceive again.  If they quit nursing, oh oh, there was a sibling born the next year!  

Being my father was a meat dealer with his own business, we were blessed to have lots of beef in the kitchen.  I'd have a boyfriend over for dinner and Mom would be serving T bone steaks.  I was the kid that complained about it, saying, "Why can't we have hot dogs for dinner like other folk?"  Living in the Pacific Northwest, we did have salmon about once a week, but today it costs a fortune to buy.  So does beef, for that matter.  However, according to this new research, we should be eating fish more and beef much less and not as  the star of the meal.  Here's where poor people have the advantage of dining on beans.  That's a healthy choice!

Scientists are even giving these identified genes weird names.  Where they are on the tape measure of cMs, I have no idea, so it still doesn't tell me what Noah and I share in our matching of 100cMs total.  However, it is interesting how they are identifying certain qualities on these chromosomes.
Our 23 sets of chromosomes
On the right is a chromosome painting as it comes up showing us how we match with another person.  A match on the 23rd indicates  females matching.  
Chromosome #1 has the most known genes (2,968), and the 23rd or Y chromosome -sex chromosome determining sex has the fewest (231).

An example of what some chromosomes contain is:
#1 chromosome:  (MTHFR) Methylation, intelligence, tissue replacing, bad odors, youth
(MTOR) which is longevity.  Fasting turns this gene off when hyperactive, associated with Alzheimers and cancer

#3  Regulation of appetite, night vision, preventing Aids

#4  Clock gene, controlling our fast or slow aging, , fingerprints and early mortality

#6  (Fox 03) Longevity turned on in a 20 minute Sauna, controlling muscle development, immunity

#10 (SIRT) longevity, fasting intermittently is good for us.

#12 (Gene VDR) Vitamin D receptor ...some of us need more of D than other people

#13  (Gene BRCAL BRCAZ)  Breast Cancer

#16  (FTO) Fatso Gene

#17  Breast Cancer

#19 (APOB) Alzheimer's and Bad Heart Gene

Here's a look at a match between 2 people with results at
We're viewing chromosome #'s 3 and #10 with segments matching from a start and a stopping point; the measurement of the segment being 10.4cMs and 8.3cMs.
Whether or not we are sharing identified genes or not is unknown.
Even knowing if we have the gene for something; are we eating so as to make it function or not?



Largest segment = 10.4 cM
Total of segments > 7 cM = 18.7 cM


  What we put in our mouth can harm us or help us.  Of course, all the tasty things like chocolate cake and ice cream are NOT good for us, but they sure make living fun!
All this does bring to mind our kosher laws, which tells us what not to eat such as pork and camels and crabs and clams and eagles.  I can't help but wonder if there isn't a good reason for not eating these foods other than what we already understand.   The kosher symbol tells us it's kosher.
"The killing of the animal is hard on kosher meat packing houses as the killing cannot be done in an assembly line fashion.  The rules for this "to do according to Kosher law" are called shehitah and are in the Oral Torah.  The rules are for meat and fowls but not fish.  The cows do not see an animal being slaughtered which could cause fright "in a kosher meat packing house.    Therefore, there is hopefully no cortisol or norepeneherine (stress chemicals) found in the meat.  The animals should not experience the scent of death.  The spinal cord is sectioned which cuts off pain to the brain.  This is done to make sure there was no pain."  Evidently we were told this over 3,000 years ago of what not to do without saying if it affected our body or not but we were expected to just follow and trust in this law which Jews did.  Now we see that we ingest stress chemicals by the usual slaughter house methods if it isn't kosher.  
No glasses of milk with a meat meal, water is fine,
children have milk at other times, but not near a meat meal

Another kosher law is not to mix milk and meat or eat them at the same meal but anywhere from one to six hours are expected to separate them in eating, and the reason is not that milk products are not that good for us and meat is to be a 20% of a meal, but that eating these together is a slap in the face to the cow who birthed the calf and by eating the calf and her milk together is an insult to how she serves our food needs.  Therefore, an observant Jew has not eaten hamburgers and milkshakes as a meal.  

Resource:  YOUNGER by Sara Gottfried, MD

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