|Deportation of Jews by Assyrians in 721 BCE to 715 BCE|
|Jewish students and their teacher in Samarkand, Uzbekistan 1910|
Land in Central Asia. Bukhara is a province there, which used to
be a part of the USSR.
The tribes of Naphtali and Issachar were exiled from Israel and in captivity by the Assyrians in 721 BCE. This is where
these Jews came from.
In Central Asia and in the 16th century, people found their Jewish descendants living under the emirate of Bukhara who called themselves the Isro'il (Israelites). As far as we had known, they didn't arrive there till the 13th century coming from Persia (Iran). However, this is their legend of how they had arrived in Uzbekistan.
In the 17th and 18th centuries they had a independent cultural life. Joseph Maaravi went to the from Palestine in 1793 to revive their Jewish life.
Refugees from Meshed, Persia also arrived in 1839. Traders and craftsmen mostly made up the
community and they had a monopoly on the silk trade that was ramified in the 19th century. The 1st aliyah of Jews back to Palestine included some of these Jews in the 1880s. In 1970 the Jewish population here was 12,000.
Starting in 1972, one of the largest Bukharan Jewish emigrations in history occurred as the Jews of Uzbekistan and Tajikistan immigrated to Israel and the United States, due to looser restrictions on immigration. In the late 1980s to the early 1990s, almost all of the remaining Bukharan Jews left Central Asia for the United States, Israel, Europe, or Australia in the last mass emigration of Bukharan Jews from their resident lands. "Today, there are about 150,000 Bukharan Jews in Israel and 60,000 in the United States. Only a few thousand still remain in Uzbekistan. About 500 live in Canada. Almost no Bukharan Jews remain in Tajikistan (compared to the 1989 Jewish population of 15,000 in Tajikistan) according to Geni.com ."
|Rabbi Yosef or Moses Ben Maimon|
|Maimonides in lobby of Capitol in Wash. DC|
Like Ashkenazim with Yiddish and Sephardim with Ladino, Jews who each developed their own type of Jewish language, the Bukhara or Isro'il spoke Persian to each other and also developed a Persian dialect with traces of Hebrew in it.
They were written about in the Talmud of the 4th century. Their history is that they are descendants of traders to Central Asia from King David's day (1010 BCE-970 BCE). The Persian King Cyrus had conquered Babylon and wanted Jews to live in his vast empire, A legend exists that he was Queen Esther's son. The largest city that they lived in was Bukhara. Throughout the years, Jews from other Eastern countries such as Iraq, Iran, Yemen,Syria, and Morocco migrated into Central Asia (usually by taking the Silk Road).
Isakharov is a common surname among these Jews.
In searching for the Cohen line in these isolated Bukhara Jews, it is found that "In Jewish populations, Haplogroup J1 (defined by the 267 marker) constitutes 30% of the Yemenite Jews, 20.0% to (35%) of the Ashkenazim results and 12% of the Sephardic results.
In Arabs,however, J1 is most frequent in Yemen (76%), Saudi (64%), and Qatar (58%). J1 is generally frequent amongst Negev Bedouins (62%). It is also very common among other Arabs such as those of the Levant, i.e. Palestinian(38.4%), Syria (30%), Lebanon (25%).
In Europe, higher frequencies have been reported in the central Adriatic regions of Italy: Gargano (17.2%), Pescara(15%), in the Mediterranean Paola (11.1%)] and in South Sicilian Ragusa (10.7%).
Fairly high frequencies have also been reported in other nearby Mediterranean areas: Crete (8.3%),
Malta (7.8%), Cyprus (6.2%),
Haplogroup J2 which is found in the Sephardic Jews (29%)] and Ashkenazi Jews (23%), or (19%) is found mainly in the Fertile Crescent, the Caucasus, Anatolia, the Balkans, Italy, the Mediterranean littoral, the Iranian plateau, Central Asia, and South Asia. More specifically, it is found in Iraq, Syria, Lebanon,Turkey, Israel, Palestine, Greece, Italy and the eastern coasts of the Iberian Peninsula, and more frequently in Iraqis 29.7%, Lebanese 25%, Palestinians 16.8%, Syrians 22.5%,
I do not think they have raised much attention to the fact that they feel they are part of the lost tribes. I cannot find any DNA studies specifically on them as yet. They have simply been part of the Russian Empire's Jews making aliyah.
Resource: DNA & Tradition, the genetic link to the Ancient Hebrew by Rabbi Yaakov Kleiman
http://jewishpeople2.blogspot.com/ full of information of DNA
The Standard Jewish Encyclopedia