Monday, August 22, 2016

On Past USA Understanding of the Rights of Israel to Exist

Nadene Goldfoot                                                                          
April 24, 1920- Mandate of Palestine Britain was given the mandate for 30 years
Great Britain's Balfour Declaration said it was to be used as the Jewish Homeland.
Arabs attacked Israel first.  Jews did nothing to rile them except to just be there.  . 

The problem actually started in 1910 when Standard Oil began drilling for oil.  It changed the relationship of the USA with the Middle East.

Let's get this understood.  The Middle Easterners living in the Middle East who are made up mostly of Muslim Arabs, had been a part of the Ottoman Empire which existed for 400 years, ending with WWI.  Their error was in taking sides with Germany, Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria  who lost the war.  Thus, they lost their empire to the winners. They were up against the Allies, who were the British, France and Russia, Japan and the USA.
It was the bloodiest of all wars, called THE GREAT WAR.This terrible war started on July 28, 1914 and ended on November 11, 1918 when 28th President Thomas Woodrow Wilson was President (1913-1921)Democrat..   9 million soldiers and 7 million civilians were killed in this war, the most of any wars.  It involved 70 million and more military personnel and 60 million of them were Europeans.  Above is a 1917 British soldier.

Because it was the most  horrible and  humongous war of all time, the League of Nations was created on June 28, 1919  after WWI ended  who turned later into the United Nations on October 24, 1945 in Lake success, New York.  WWII started on September 1, 1939 in Europe and ended on September 2, 1945.  Both were world War events killing millions of people.  

Jews had decided that this was the time to have their own land again after being homeless for 2,000 years.  They went to Balfour who agreed with them and wrote up his Balfour Declaration giving them the right to resettle in Palestine and have their own Jewish Homeland once again.  This is the place of birth for the Jewish people where their spiritual, religious and national identity was formed.  No other place sparked the interest of any of them.  Their ancestors had prayed for 2,000 years to return to Jerusalem.  It was special for them as for no other people.  The land had laid in waste waiting for their return.  Now it was nothing; unwanted, unloved, untended for all these years. Not even the Muslims living there thought much of settling in this outpost of the Ottoman Empire.  They preferred Damascus.

"The Balfour Declaration was a letter dated 2 November 1917 from the United Kingdom's Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland. It read:
His Majesty's government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country. "
              On the contrary, the Arabs did all the attacking and the Jews had to defend themselves.  The Arabs themselves showed prejudice against the civil and religious right of the Jews!.  Jews were obeying the confines of the Balfour Declaration.  

The attitude of the Muslims was to attack Jews living in Jerusalem and other parts of Palestine, for there were Jews AND Arabs living there with passports that said, Palestine.  The Balfour Declaration had been accepted by the highest and most esteemed and educated Arab, Emir Feisal, and rejected by the then ruling Arab leader in Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini, called the Sherif of Jerusalem, or the Grand Mufti.  He was appointed to this position earlier by a British Jew!  Well, his powers were being challenged.  So he instigated the riots of 1929 in Jerusalem and caused Jewish deaths this way.

There had been a crisis in Palestine and the Ottoman Empire.  Muhammad Ali had taken over and occupied Syria and Palestine!

After WWI had started, "in 1915,  the British High Commissioner to EgyptHenry McMahon, had exchanged letters with Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca, in which he had promised Hussein control of Arab lands with the exception of "portions of Syria" lying to the west of "the districts of DamascusHomsHama and Aleppo".   Palestine lay to the southwest of the Vilayet of Damascus and wasn't explicitly mentioned.   After the war the extent of the coastal exclusion was hotly disputed.  Because of this assurance, "the Arab Revolt began on 5 June 1916." The War had only started and the British and French were already laying down plans for the Ottoman Empire.  They  also "secretly concluded the Sykes–Picot Agreement on 16 May 1916.   This agreement divided many Arab territories into British- and French-administered areas and allowed for the internationalization of Palestine.

So we have 2 deals going on over the same piece of land.  This created today's problem of the Arabs not accepting a Jewish state in their midst.  Then again, when the Jews lived in the original Israel-Judah, there were no Muslims; only old empires whose religion was polygamy.  

However, it must be remembered, that the Ottoman Empire were losers in a world-wide war.  They could not count on what was promised Hussein bin Ali of Mecca, Saudi Arabia!  

However, the Jewish state was voted on in the League of Nations and the United Nations and passed .  This recognition by the United Nations of the right of the Jewish people to establish their independent State may not be revoked.  It is moreover, the self evident right of the Jewish people to be a nation, as all other nations, in its own sovereign state once again.  This land holds their genes, their dna, history and families.  It was time that the Jews had erupted and sought their own government and also fought against their state of homelessness.  Please note that the Ottoman government had done nothing with Palestine except to send tax collectors and tax the Arab and Jewish people on the land.  
                                                                         UN Palestine Partition Versions 1947.jpg
Resolution 181 of the UN was that they " recommended on the 29th of November 1947  the creation of independent Arab and Jewish States and a Special International Regime for the city of Jerusalem."  The Jews accepted it, probably sadly, while the Arabs rejected it, not wanting Jews there at all.  The Jews were sad about it because what they had been promised had been lopped off by 80% and given to Abdullah of Saudi Arabia who became King of Jordan, and now the UN wanted to give away half of their remaining 20% of Palestine.  So they were to go quickly from 100% down to 10%.  

Now, 33rd President Harry S. Truman (1945-1953) Democrat  of the USA had been on Israel's side and voted for them in the UN vote.  Before that, President Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921)  tried to keep the USA out of the Middle East War of WWI , as England with their Sykes- Picot and France focused on dividing up the Middle East.  He was influenced by a desire to give the Jews their rightful place in the world.  He said, "My personal hope is that all the Jews will make good and eventually found a Jewish State."

David Ben Gurion, leader of Israel from May 14 1948 to May 16, 1948 when they declared the Jewish state of Israel, and then  Israel's first Prime Minister (1955 -1963) ,  replied "We, who seek to build a new land amid ruins and desolation, must see how the persecuted exiles from England founded a rich and mighty country singular in its resources and creative powers."  He was talking about the creation of the USA.  

One problem the Jews faced was the United States' lack of knowledge about the Middle East.  They were involved and had no idea of each group's ideals or goals.  The Americans had a struggle between short term strategic interests, like oil, and their own basic democratic ideals to live up to.  They were basically Israel's only real friend. One fear North Americans had was a civil war if Jews were showed favoritism.  

WWII broke out and Americans preserved the pro-vichy government and maintained the racist legislation against North African Jews.  The North Africans thought the USA would help drive out the French.  However, 32nd President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1933-1945) Democrat  had ordered a low profile survey of nationalist movement in the Middle East. Roosevelt was a Democrat, and he was president while Europe's Jews were being slaughtered by the Nazis of Germany.  Most American Jews, because of this man, became Democrats.  

The French feared that Jews would control the professions and business world of North Africa.  So Roosevelt suggested that Jews be restricted to small numbers in the legal and medical professions to eliminate competition for the Gentiles.  Though Jews may have had very high test results, they found they were turned down in medical school because of this % rule of only allowing a few into the schools.  This was the fear of Gentiles in Germany as well.  Jews on the whole are very bright, and the German Gentile complained of their successes.  Jews of today only make up 0.02% of the world population, and because more of their culture, which has produced very capable people, they are held not in esteem but in envy.  At least Einstein with an IQ of 180 was only held in awe though he was also Jewish.

Roosevelt's undersecretary of State, Sumner Welles, in his memoir wrote:  Roosevelt thought a Jewish state could be a model of social policy and help raise living standards throughout the Middle East, which he was in agreement with Emir Feisal, who thought the same.  Once a Palestinian Jewish commonwealth was created, "far reaching projects for irrigation, power development and the construction of communications" could be carried out.  Perhaps the Arab countries would find this an inducement and their people and leaders would" overcome racial antagonism."   Like the Germans, the Arabs in power were protecting their own power and position and not only were envious, but rioted and attacked Jews.  

34th President Dwight David Eisenhower (1953-1961)Republican was convinced that Allied forces couldn't show justice to the Jews AND win the war in the Middle East. "Many things done here that look queer are just to keep the Arabs from blazing up in revolt," he said.  American had a meandering, confused policy in the Middle East.  

35th President  John F. Kennedy (1961-1963)Democrat  was concerned about Dimona and Nasser of Egypt.  
36th President Lyndon Baines Johnson (1963-1969)Democrat a Texan, was concerned about religion, and saw Israel as a latter day Alamo.  He became involved in the Vietnam War and was president during Israel's 6 Day War of 1967.  

37th President Richard Milhous Nixon's (1969-1974) Republican  main concern were the Soviets.  He said, "Israel is the most effective stopper to the Mideast power of the Soviet Union."  He helped stop the war of attrition.  "We want peace, and they, meaning the Soviets, want the Middle East."  He believed that an Israel that felt secure in its alliance with the USA would take the necessary risks for attaining peace.  He then authorized his Secretary of State, William P. Rogers, to mediate an end to fighting between Egypt and Israel and to pressure Israel to accept a territory for peace arrangement.  Israel's Prime Minister, Golda Meir,  wouldn't give up any territories gained in the 6 Day War for anything less than FULL PEACE!  She was of the Labor Party, and Netanyahu of the Likud party feels the same way.  So do most all Israelis.  

Henry KIssinger, Secretary of State for Nixon, asked Israel to save Jordan in 1970.  Kissinger had said, "The Europeans behaved like Jackals.  Their behavior was a total disgrace."  

38th President Gerald Rudolph Ford (1974-1977)Republican  had a "reassessment" of American policy towards Israel Plan.  Prime Minister Rabin of Israel mobilized AIPAC, the only Jewish Lobby Group, who got both houses of Congress to help Israel and the pressure caused Ford to drop the reassessment.  Ford was very uneducated on the Middle East.  

39th President James Earl Carter, Jr. (1977-1981) Democrat  has been the least moved by Israel in that he has written books against her and has taken the Palestinian side.  He's done more to harm Israel after being president than during that time.  His claim to fame is his idea that only Palestinians have legitiimate rights.  He cannot prove this with any facts.  The Palestinians are not a people, they are a mixed bag of from different Arab countries surrounding and further away the nation of Israel.  There has never been the nation of Palestine.  It's just the name the Romans gave to the land in 135 CE after a 3 year war with Jewish General Bar Kokhba who was up against the whole Roman Army and was outnumbered and died in battle.  

40th President Ronald Wilson Reagan (1981-1989) Republican,  had a very complex relationship with the Middle East.  He felt that oil was of paramount importance to the USA, so here we are.  He was religiously oriented with his wife who sought out seers.  In 1981 he sold AWACS surveillance aircraft.  He suspended the Strategic Cooperation Agreement when the Arabs protested the annexation of the Golan Heights to Israel.  However, he endorsed measures to strengthen Israel militarily and economically.  He assisted the Soviet and Ethiopian Jews to immigrate to Israel.  

He was president during the Osirak bombing of June 7, 1981 of the atomic plant of Syria by Israel.  He suspended the delivery of paid for jet fighters and allowed Secretary of State Jean Kirpatrick to support the UN condemnation of Israel.  So he ran hot and cold towards Israel.  It's said that Reagan was running circles in the Middle East.  Where did he stand?

41st President George Herbert Walker Bush (1989-1993)Republican  West Bank and Gaza were problematic to him and he wouldn't give Israel loans over it. " As vice president, he personally spearheaded Operation Joshua, the 1985 rescue of Ethiopian Jewry, and was involved in every step of the U.S. military's manning and execution of that mission. In 1991, America was a key to the success of Operation Solomon, which brought 14,000 more Ethiopian Jews to Israel. In 1991, the Bush administration succeeded in reversing the infamous U.N. resolution that equated Zionism with racism."

42nd President William Jefferson Clinton (1993-2001) Democrat  He was involved in the 1993 Oslo Peace Accords and the Camp David Summit of 2000. "Yasser Arafat and Yitzhak Rabin signed the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government in Oslo, Norway.   This event is also seen by many people as the definitive end to the First Intifada  (although some argue it had effectively ended by 1991–1992). By 1993, the violence of the Intifada had claimed the lives of 1162 Palestinians and 160 Israelis."  All these measures ended in attacks on Israel, unsuccessful peace tries.   October 26, 1994-"With mediation provided by the United States, the Israel–Jordan Treaty of Peace was signed by Yitzhak Rabin and King Hussein. November 4, 1995- Prime minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated in Tel Aviv.  Shimon Peres assumed position of acting Prime Minister.  Killer was upset by give-away of land in peace agreement.    

43rd President George Walker Bush (2001-2009)Republican He was for 2 states for 2 parties, but said rightly, "First thing is to convince all parties that the two states were necessary for peace." With Hamas terrorism ruling Gaza and the PA is nothing but Arafat's old PLO , there is no agreement between the now divided Arab Palestinians. 2006 2nd Lebanon-Israel War. " It was a 34-day military conflict in Lebanon, Northern Israel and the Golan Heights. The principal parties were Hezbollah paramilitary forces and the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). The conflict started on 12 July 2006, and continued until a United Nations-brokered ceasefire went into effect in the morning on 14 August 2006, though it formally ended on 8 September 2006 " Held Annapolis Conference on November 25, 2007-"It will also provide an opportunity for the Israelis, the Palestinians, and their neighbors to recommit to implementing the Roadmap, with the U.S. monitoring their progress by the parties' agreement. Finally, the conference will review Palestinian plans to build the institutions of a democratic state and their preparations for next month's donors' conference in Paris. It failed. 

44th President Barack Hussein Obama II 2009-2016) Democrat   He expected Netanyahu to return to the 1967 lines, which would put Jews  in harm's way.  He folded with Iran, allowing them the opportunity to create atomic power-thought to be used against Israel and USA.  HIllary Clinton was his Secretary of State.  September 14, 2010- Direct talks: A second round of Middle East peace talks between Israel and the Palestinian Authority concluded in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. September 2011Palestine Authority moved a resolution in UN for recognition of Palestine statehood, calling it a 'Palestine Spring."  November 2011- Palestine won membership of UNESCO while UN vote on statehood was put off amid no support from France and UK while USA had threatened to veto it.  March 2012 Gaza–Israel clashes. Gaza militants launched over 300 rockets, Grad missiles, and mortar shells into southern Israel, wounding 23 Israeli civilians. Israel retaliated with air strikes on Gazan weapons storage facilities, rocket launching sites, weapon manufacturing facilities, training bases, posts, tunnels and terror operatives, killing 22 militants.   4 Palestinian civilians died during the clashes, though some of their deaths were found to be unrelated to Israeli actions. June 12, 2014- 3 teenaged Israelis holding dual citizenship were killed while hitchhiking home from their religious schools in towns in Judea-Samaria by Arab terrorists.
 This started further fighting.  

45th President?  Clinton or Trump?  (2017-2020

Resource:  Notes from Hadassah 10/10/2010)

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