Saturday, October 29, 2016

The Case Against Fatah and Hamas

Nadene Goldfoot                                             
Yassir Arafat (1929 in Cairo, Egypt) leader of PLO,
organized Fatah in 1959, really active after 1967,
caused their expulsion from Jordan in 1970 with Black September,
ousted from Lebanon by Israel in 1982, and he supported Saddam Husssein
in 1991 Gulf War.  PLO proclaimed a Palestinian state with Arafat as president in 1988.
He died November 11, 2004 at age 75.
The PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) had morphed back  into Fatah, and out of Fatah came Hamas, the more violent level of Fatah.  Now Fatah is morphing into Hamas and has become fighters using violence once again.                                                
Fatah and Hamas united after many feuds in 2007.
They continue this on and off relationship fighting over control.  
                                                                               
1920 Mandate of Palestine held by British

The PLO was a rebellious group against the UN dictum of accepting Israel as a nation in the Middle East once again.  It was created by the Arab League with Yasser Arafat at the helm.  Arafat was not an Arab born in Palestine, but someone born in Egypt.  It was officially established in 1964 when a covenant was adopted equating  the borders of their plan of a Palestine State with  the Palestine of the British Mandate which included the STATE OF ISRAEL!.  There was no plan of a 2 state solution.  They intended to take everything.  They still do!  Fatah is again in bed with Hamas.  

The Arab League had set up terrorist groups in Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq.  Their host countries gave them the support they needed.  They included groups like the "Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine" run by George Habash, and the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine" run by Nayef Hawatmeh.   These groups developed after the 6 Day War since such a war that lasted from June 5th to June 11th in 1967 with Syria, Egypt and the Soviet Union spreading false reports to the world that the Israeli forces were on the Syrian frontier and they weren't.  Even the UN countered their report that no such concentrations existed.  Egypt had reported these lies so they could use the pretext for concentrating the bulk of its army in the Sinai.  They had stationed there 90,000 men and 900 tanks.  Then Egypt demanded that the UN Emergency Force withdraw.  They were the barrier between Egypt and Israel, and they complied with Egypt!  Egypt then closed the Staits of Tiran to all going to Israel AND THEN THEY CALLED FOR WAR!

EGYPT led their team of Arab states who had formed a war pact against Israel.  Armies of JORDAN, IRAQ  and SYRIA concentrated their forces along the frontiers with Israel.
                                                                     
All this was seen by Israel who waited for 3 weeks starting on the 15th of May 1967 for some international action to stop the Arab escalation and stop the threat along the frontiers.  No one did a thing.  The UN and the GREAT POWERS OF THE WORLD were inept; frozen to act.  WAR BROKE OUT ON THE 5TH OF JUNE 1967.  Israel defended itself, alone, against more than 250,000 troops, armed with Soviet-supplied tanks and aircraft.  The Iraqi defense minister ordered his troops to STRIKE THE ENEMY'S CIVILIAN SETTLEMENTS (note that he couldn't call a city a city-just a settlement) TURN THEM INTO DUST AND PAVE THE ARAB ROADS WITH THE SKULLS OF JEWS.  Israel used its head and preempted them-after 3 weeks of waiting- and the war became a defensive war and they manged to capture  (JUDEA AND SAMARIA) West Bank, FROM JORDAN, GAZA AND THE SINAI PENINSULA FROM EGYPT, AND THE GOLAN HEIGHTS FROM SYRIA.   That's what happens when you mess around with Israel!
                                                                             
The Knesset (seat of government) since 1949  is in Jerusalem
but no nation will recognize this fact. It's permanent building was created
in 1966. 
In 6 days, Israel destroyed the armies that had massed and menaced their vital centers of their teeny country.  Cease-fire lines were established along the Suez Canal, the Jordan River and the Golan Heights.  The Straits of Tiran were once again open to navigation.  JERUSALEM WAS RE-UNITED AFTER BEING DIVIDED  INTO TWO PARTS SINCE 1948.  THE ISRAEL SECTION INCLUDED THE WHOLE OF THE WEST AND SOUTH PART OF THE NEW CITY, INCLUDING MOUNT ZION AND AN ENCLAVE ON MT. SCOPUS.  THE CITY EXTENDED WESTWARD BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE KNESSET AND GOVERNMENT QUARTER (HA-KIRYAH) WITH THE NATIONAL MUSEUM AND UNIVERSITY CAMPUS NEARBY.
                                                                       
Seeing the wall first in 1967
Dancing the Hora at the wall 1967
AT THE OUTSET OF THE 6 DAY WAR OF JUNE 5TH, JORDANIAN TROOPS IN THE OLD CITY AND JORDANIAN SECTIONS OF THE CITY BOMBARDED THE NEW CITY.  2 DAYS LATER THE ENTIRE CITY CAME UNDER ISRAEL CONTROL.  THE FIRST THING DONE BY ISRAELI SOLDIERS WAS TO VISIT THE WESTERN WALL.-PROHIBITED TO JEWS FOR AMOST 20 YEARS.

ON JUNE 29, 1967, THE ISRAEL GOVERNMENT FORMALLY UNITED THE 2 SECTIONS OF THE CITY AND THE BARRIERS THAT HAD DIVIDED THEM WERE REMOVED. THE POPULATION OF THE EASTERN PORTION OF THE CITY-INCLUDING 139,600 MOSLEMS AND CHRISTIANS, HAVE BEEN INCORPORATED INTO THE TOTAL POPULATION OF 493,500 IN 1990.

How did such a teeny country as Israel win a massive war when 4 large Arab states had attacked them together?  Obama has been trying to change the outcome for the Arabs since then in pushing Netanyahu to go back to 67 "lines."
German Messerschmitt
                                                                     
USA War-Germany 1941-1945
I remember when the USA was fighting 2 countries at the same time; Germany and Japan.  Israel was fighting against 4 who were on their borders:    not far away!!  And why did these 4 attack Israel?  Because the Arab League had been unsuccessful before in 1948 when Israel had no army, and again in 1956.  They thought the 3rd time would be the charm.  It wasn't.  Not for them, at least, but this war did get back Jerusalem that the Jews had been denied from after the British had gone back on their word of helping the Jews to create their Jewish Homeland out of the unwanted Palestine.
                                                                               
Husseini in Germany making deadly deals with Hitler about the Jews.  Nazism has left its mark on the Arabs in that
they as a group read more Nazi material than other
people and hold it in high regard still, as a case against Jews. . 
From the very beginning, the Arabs, who were following the Sherif of Jerusalem who was Haj Amin al-Husseini (1893-1974) , known as the Grand Mufti, rebelled at the thought of Jews returning to their native land.  This Grand Mufti finally had accessed some power through a Jew, mind you, Sir Herbert Samuel,  who was the high commissioner of the Brits who held the 30 year mandate of Palestine  who had selected him over others in 1921 to be   head of the Supreme Moslem Council.
                         
Edmund Allenby (1861-1936) and Feisal
British Commander WWI, swept to
Damascus and Aleppo, traveled to
Jerusalem in 1925 to attend Hebrew
University's opening. 
     
ChaimWeizmann (1874-1952) and Feisal (1885-1933)
chemist who invented a better ammunition for Brits in
WWI.that  helped to win war; Zionist leader, president of Zionist
movement. in 1931, FIRST PRESIDENT OF ISRAEL 1948. 
                                                                         
King Feisal
  The Mufti's antithesis, Emir Feisal , was an educated and broader minded Arab who had accepted the Jews' return-with reservations, and those were that he also received a kingly position if the Jews returned, for he was from Arabian royalty, and he did.  He became the King of Iraq (1921)  and then the King of Syria.   Feisal had met the Jewish Dr. Weizmann in Transjordan in 1918 and again in Paris in 1919 where they reached an agreement on mutual aid, conditional on the implementation of the British promises to the Arabs.  The the sky fell in when the French, who controlled the Syrian mandate, kicked him out of Syria in 1920!  He ended up being influenced by the Palestinian Arab leaders such as Husseini, and his attitude to Zionism, the return of the Jews, became hostile.
                                           
Zionism comes from the word, Zion.  Zion was the word the Prophets used for Jerusalem.  It's a spiritual symbol to Jews.  Back in the Maccabean times, Mt. Zion was identified with the Temple Mount and the City of David (Jerusalem) together.   The Maccabean times goes back to Judah, son of Mattathias, a military leader of the revolt against Syria in 168 BCE.  It also refers to the Hasmonean dynasty as a whole.  This is the period we remember during Chanukah, our December holiday that so often is close to the Christian Christmas.   To be Zionistic is to accept the idea that Jews are finally getting their 2,000 year old prayers answered for the return  to Israel after having lost Jerusalem in 70 CE.  This is an event prophecized by prophets and has come true.  As we see, many have not accepted it.  Thus we see groups like the PLO, Fatah and Hamas.  Yes, I believe Israel had been aided by our higher power.  They have seen it happen over and over again since its conception once more in 1948.
 Such odds!  

After the Six Day War led by Yasser Arafat, The PLO went on a program of terror inside Israel and around the world.  Arafat supported Saddam Husseini in the 1991 Gulf War.                                                                              
Khaled Meshaal
Khaled Mashal is a Palestinian political leader
and the leader of the Islamic Palestinian organization Hamas
since the Israeli assassination of Abdel Aziz al-Rantisi in 2004
Ismael Haniyeh
former Prime Minister of
PA-Fatah
Abbas, 81 years old,  met with Hamas leader Khaled Meshaal
2014  in Qatar and also Ismael Haniyeh.
Ismail Abdel Salam Ahmed Haniyeh is a senior political leader of Hamas and formerly one of two disputed Prime Ministers of the Palestinian National Authority. Wikipedia
                                                                             
Fatah's Mahmoud Abbas came on the scene when Arafat died as 
leader in 2004.  Also known by the kunya Abu Mazen, is the President of the State of Palestine and Palestinian National Authority. Born on March 26, 1935 in Safed, Palestine-now Israel.  EducationDamascus University,  Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Since 1974 they have held Observer Status in the UN, giving them power. 
The PLO was considered by the United States and Israel to be a terrorist organization until the Madrid Conferencein 1991.

In 1993, the PLO recognized Israel's right to exist in peace, accepted UN Security Council resolutions 242 and 338, and rejected "violence and terrorism"; in response, Israel officially recognized the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people.  Now they have brought it back.  Over these past years, the PLO has carried out thousands of attacks against Israeli and others around the world, including the 1st airplane hijackings. It was Fatah in 1972 who carried out the Munich Massacre of 11 members of the Israeli Olympic Team.  They are now practing was games in another planned attack on Israel.  


Palestinian Authority,  President Mahmoud Abbas,  held a rare meeting with the heads of rival party Hamas in Qatar on Thursday, in direct talks aimed at ending years of hostility between the two movements.    

                                                      

 Ever since their group picture, they have been at odds with each other, which 

is why Israel can't get along with them.  They can't get along with each other past the sweets table!  



This is the typical reason why individual countries in the Middle East had been fighting against each other for years.  They fought for power.  A state of Palestine next door to Israel is
to be something fought over by these rival terrorists.  Both want the same thing:  Israel's land.

The ongoing attack of Hamas against Israel:  "Israel Air Force (IAF) aircraft attacked Hamas terror targets in the Gaza Strip on Monday, October 24, 2016  in response to a rocket fired by Palestinian terrorists at Israel’s civilian population earlier in the day.  Israel has vowed to answer rocket attacks thusly.  

Update: 8:42pm 10/29/16

Palestinians: Fatah Prepares for War
with Israel

By Khaled Abu Toameh
Some 300 members of the Palestinian Fatah faction, headed by Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, have begun receiving “military training” in the Gaza Strip in preparation for war with Israel.  http://www.breakingisraelnews.com/77407/palestinians-fatah-prepares-war-israel-opinion/?utm_source=Breaking+Israel+News&utm_campaign=776458cf6a-BIN_oped_10_16&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_b6d3627f72-776458cf6a-83518689&mc_cid=776458cf6a&mc_eid=55a1055ec8#b3MB277Dhx4xQfvC.97
Update: 5:54pm 11/1/16 on PLO, Arafat; Palestinians Back in bed with Hamas 
https://www.gatestoneinstitute.org/9228/palestinians-abbas-hamas
Resource:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cause_of_Yasser_Arafat%27s_death
Israel 101, page 13; magazine produced by StandWithUs.
The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia
Facts about Israel -Division of Information, Ministry for foreign affairs, Jerusalem
Myths and Facts-a concise record of the Arab-Israeli Conflict by Mitchell G. Bard, Joel Himelfarb.
http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/en/originals/2016/03/palestinian-hamas-fatah-reconciliation-doha.html
http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2016/06/khaled-meshaal-candidacy-internal-elections-hamas-2016.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palestine_Liberation_Organization
https://worldisraelnews.com/iaf-bombs-hamas-targets-response-rocket-attack-2/?utm_source=MadMimi&utm_medium=email&utm_content=Hamas%27+Next+Attack+will+be+its+Last%3B+UN+Again+to+Deny+Jewish+Ties+to+Jerusalem&utm_campaign=20161025_m135107049_Hamas%27+Next+Attack+will+be+its+Last%3B+UN+Again+to+Deny+Jewish+Ties+to+Jerusalem&utm_term=more_btn_dark_jpg

Thursday, October 27, 2016

Saddam Hussein's Involvement in Having Nuclear Weapons -Deceiving USA

Nadene Goldfoot                                                
Baghdad signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and permitted its facilities to be inspected when they had built the Osirak nuclear complex in Iraq.  The USA, being very gullible, believed them.

Having an enemy neighbor come into nuclear power was a blood-chilling realization for Israel, and by 1981, Israel had received many a warning that they were living in a rough neighborhood. Right from the beginning on May 15, 1948, the day after Israel announced their statehood, the Arab League Secretary-General, Azzam Pasha, announced: " This will be a war of extermination and a momentous massacre which will be spoken of like the Mongolian massacres and the Crusades."
                                                    
Right up to the time that Iraq was building their nuclear complex, PLO Chairman, Yasir Arafat said on February 11, 1980, "Peace for us means the destruction of Israel.  We are preparing for an all-out war which will last for generations.   Since January 1965, when Fatah was born, we have become the most dangerous enemy that Israel has...We shall not rest until the day when we return to our home, and until we destroy Israel..."  He was born and raised in Egypt.

The Saudis at the Mecca Declaration of the Islamic Conference , the Riyadh Domestic Service  told many times of their plans to destroy Israel.  Right on January 29, 1981,  they declared, "We are determined to wage a jihad by all the means at our disposal in order to liberate our occupied territories..." 
                                                                           
It was this very year of 1981 that Israel was convinced that Iraq was approaching the capability to produce a nuclear weapon-which of course would be used on Israel.  Israel decided to launch their surprise  preempt attack to destroy the Osirak nuclear complex.  They did attack it on June 7, 1981.

On June 19, 1981, the UN Security Council was unanimous in condemning Israel's raid-and of course saw no harm in Iraq building a nuclear site whereby they would have atomic weapons.  The critics made no mention of their nuclear program's extent, claiming the signing of the treaty was the guarantee of their peaceful motivations.  After all, the treaty permitted its facilities to be inspected.  Israel was harboring baseless fears.
                                                                                 

Then peaceful loving Iraq invaded Kuwait on August 2, 1990. The Invasion of Kuwait, also known as the Iraq–Kuwait War, was a major conflict between Ba'athist Iraq and the Emirate of Kuwait, which resulted in the seven-month-long Iraqi occupation of Kuwait,   

It was not until then that the U.S. officials began to acknowledge publicly that Baghdad was developing nuclear weapons and that it was far closer to reaching its goal than previously thought.
                                                                   
President of Iraq, Saddam Hussein (1937-2006)In 2003, a coalition led by the U.S. invaded Iraq to depose Saddam, in which U.S. President George W. Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair accused him of possessing weapons of mass destruction and having ties to al-Qaeda.
Many critics argued that the American Administration was only seeking justification for a war with Iraq.   Was the West all picking on poor Iraq?
                                                                 
Months later, after the allied forces had announced the destruction of Iraq's nuclear facilities, the UN inspectors found Saddam's program to develop weapons was FAR MORE EXTENSIVE THAN EVEN THE ISRAELIS BELIEVED. Analysts thought all along that Iraq was incapable of ENRICHING URANIUM FOR BOMBS.  Saddam's people had used several methods, including one thought to be obsolete, that were believed to have made it possible for Iraq to have built AT LEAST ONE BOMB!

That's all they needed.  One atomic bomb dropped on Israel and it would have been curtains.  Because Israel destroyed Iraq's nuclear reactor in 1981, United States troops did not face a nuclear-armed Iraq later.  Israel's cooperation in the Gulf War was extremely valuable.  Israel's military intelligence had focused on Iraq much more carefully over the years than had the U.S. intelligence community.  Israelis were capable of providing Washington with detailed tactical intelligence on Iraqi military activities.  Defense Secretary Richard Cheney said, "the USA utilized Israeli information about western Iraq in its search for Scud missile launchers."
                                                                   
Ahmadinejad was extremely prolific in his threats.
Threats to Israel now come from Iran
Today, we're going through the same thing-35 years later.
Syria's missiles lay in waiting to be dropped on Israel.
  

In Islam, a country is expected to warn someone before they attack them, and this the Muslim community has done.  Israel has been warned and warned.  That's why they are not naive as to the goals of their neighbors.   Only Egypt and Jordan have signed any peace treaty.
                                                                         
Syria's Nuclear Plant, Al Kebar's nuclear reactor 
Israel's neighbors, once part of the Ottoman Empire, have refused to accept the League of Nations and the United Nations in accepting Israel as a Jewish state among Muslim states.  Yes, this comes down to religion as much as anything.  Otherwise, why wasn't the Welcome Wagon brought out for Israel on May 14, 1948?                                                                            
Iranians burning Israeli flag -being worked up with hate. 
Iran testing the Shahab missiles
                                                         
Iran's Shahab missile
Palestine was a nothing to the surrounding Muslims for all the 1,316 years since Muhammad's death in 632. It was passed by  through all the Caliphates that developed and disappeared.  A land of weeds and swamps, no one settled here, except the returning Jews.  It was the backwater of the Islamic and Christian civilizations, hot and full of mosquitoes and deserts.
                                                                             
 It had one thing; a mosque on the Temple Mount built in 738 by Caliph Abd al-Malik to replace the temporary structure set up by Caliph Omar 100 years earlier in 638 after Mohammad's death.  It's called the Mosque of Omar or the Dome of the Rock, there for the past  1, 200 years.   It sits over the site of our Solomon's Temple, originally built by King Solomon, and after it was destroyed, the 2nd Temple when it was rebuilt in 538 BCE after being destroyed in 586 BCE  by Nebuchadnezzar (King of Babylon -today's Iraq-from 605 to 562 BCE).    Our 2nd time Temple had stood for about 600 years when the Romans destroyed it in 70 CE. Altogether, we had had a  Jewish Temple on this site for almost 1,000 years.  

Incidentally, Iraq, formerly Babylonia,  became a state in 1921 with King Faisal I, who was a realist about Israel and had been friendly with them.  Iraq became independent from Britain's control in 1932, whereas Israel had to wait until 1948 to declare itself a state.
                                                                           
Now, the whole Middle East awaits what the Shi'a Iran is doing with its nuclear development.  The Sunni nations have just as much to worry about as Israel does, only they know Israel is the 1st and main target of Iran's wrath.  Evidently Kerry, Secretary of State of the USA, isn't worried, compliant in the assurances of Iran's friendly powers.  He thinks he has made the world safer.  However, this  story may be repeating, as history often does, when Israel had to hit Osirik for defensive reasons.  Note that a majority of Americans however – including the country’s top military brass and national security experts and practitioners – oppose Kerry's deal.


Iran has a habit of lying.  "Iran has developed its nuclear program in defiance of its international obligations, conducted nuclear weapon activities in the past, and lied about these activities to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the agency responsible for verifying the deal. There is little to stop this from happening again.
Iran's Shahab 3 missile paraded out for the public
can now reach 1,200 miles

                            Tehran will continue to cheat in the                      future, severely limiting the United States and               the IAEA’s ability to assess a true state                      of its nuclear program.
             Just like Iraq did?  Perhaps.  

Resource: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Opera
Myths and Facts-a concise record of the Arab-Israeli conflict by Mitchell G. Bard, Joel Himelfarb
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Iraq
http://www.cnbc.com/2016/01/21/sec-of-state-kerry-iran-was-hurtling-toward-a-full-fledged-nuclear-weapon-program.html
http://dailysignal.com/2015/09/03/5-things-john-kerry-got-wrong-on-the-iran-deal/

Wednesday, October 26, 2016

Jews' Deep DNA Ancestry: Bubba, Where and Who Did We Come From?

Nadene Goldfoot                                            

All of us on this planet are humans, called Homo Sapiens. We all have a common ancestor who lived about 115,000 years ago.   We are all identical by 99.9%.  That little 0.1% is what makes us different from each other, giving scientists called geneticists the ability to find out who we came from and where that happened.  They discovered that our evolutionary cousins, the great apes, have in their genes more of a variation in their genes than we have.  Actually, "The recent sequencing of the gorilla,  chimpanzee and bonobo genomes confirms that supposition and provides a clearer view of how we are connected:  chimps and bonobos in particular take pride of place as our nearest living relatives, sharing approximately 99 percent of our DNA, with gorillas trailing at 98 percent.Sep 1, 2014.  What makes us truly human, so unique,  is all in that little 0.1% of our genes.  

In a sense, we humans are all related to each other.  Our Biblical story is that we came from Adam and Eve, so are, but we sure split up into clans quick enough.  Many of us, like the Jews, have become an endogamous people, people living close to each other for long spells and have intermarried with each other at different generations.  Europe was like that with most people being endogamous being transportation was so primitive.  People developed similar characteristics, making them identifiable to a certain extent.
                                                                           
Our direct ancestor was called Homo erectus who left Africa about 1.8 million years ago and settled in Central and East Asia where the weather was condusive to life being tropical and subtropical.   They died out about 100,000 years ago.  The Neandertal's ancestors left Africa about 500,000 years ago and they died out.  Before they did, they had mated in Israel about 50,000 60,000 years ago.    Excavations in Israel's Keara Cave on Mount Carmel have unearthed Neandertal skeletons as recent as 60,000 years old, showing that both lived together and were both hominids.  Early Homo sapiens who went into the Middle East about 110,000 years ago died out 30,000 years later.

10,000 years ago the world population was about only a few million humans that were hunters and gatherers of food. That would have been about 8,000 BCE.  Abraham was born about 1,948 BCE.  

 They were able to spread themselves across the world's habitable continents of that time because of having to follow herds for food, and of course, good weather.  Today we have about 7 billion people on earth.  By the middle of this 21st century, it will be about 10 billion humans.

Beginning  about 7,000 years ago in the fertile crescent, agriculture was invented by some creative woman whose job it was to gather food.  It beat hunting all the time and going hungry.  It beat searching for food.  There is was, growing by your home.  The idea was passed from human to human and changed SE Europe as well about 5,000 years ago.
                                                                           
Jacob and his 2 wives, 2 concubines, and 12 sons and 1 daughter, making
up the 12 Tribes of Jacob, or the Jewish people who come from Judah and Benjamin, two of the sons.
  


5,000 years ago Egypt was a force to behold.  They had warm weather and the Nile River, and were part of the fertile crescent. They had agriculture.   Near Egypt lie Canaan, where Abraham went from Ur in today's Iraq.  We have the Jewish development told to us in the 5 Books of Moses.  Moses led the Israelites that were slaves for 400 years back to Canaan, their original homeland before the drought that drove them to Egypt.

 Scientists use the terms NEAR EAST and   MIDDLE EAST as to where haplogroup's origins were located.  .
 "The Near East is the eastern Mediterranean region once dominated by the Ottoman Empire. Middle East—the newest of the three terms—originally referred to everything between the other two Easts (Mesopotamia to Burma), but it now usually denotes the Near East in addition to Afghanistan, Iran, and the Arabian peninsula.
                                                                             
The inventor of agriculture most likely was a woman carrying the J haplogroup of her mt dna 10,000 years ago who  had many descendants and they spread out into Europe.  Her line is found at high frequency in the Middle East, but is harder to find as you get into Europe, but  is one of the major haplogroups in Denmark and Britain today, showing how agriculture ideas spread.
                                                                           
Homo Sapiens that are now ancestors of the R1b Gentile Y haplogroup who live in modern western Europe today had started wandering into Europe around 35,000 years ago where they met another hominid living there, the Neandertals.  Neandertals first appeared in Europe around 200,000 years ago.  They had been living in the intense cold of the European ice ago and it had molded them into highly cold-adapted beings with thick trunks and heavy bones showing their struggle to survive adaptability.  These new homo sapiens were tall and thin and used cultural adaptations they had to learn like warm clothing to live in this new cold climate.  Neandertals lived around 500,000 years ago and is known by names such as Homo antecessor, Homo heidelbergensis and Homo sapiens first appeared in Africa.   The tall modern man met his cousin on the snowy fields of central France and probably thought they were some sort of primitive animal, but they had sexual encounters with them that produced children, showing there was enough alike to produce results.  .  Skeletons have been found showing detail from both groups.  I myself carry 2.9% of my genes from Neandertal ancestors.
                                                                          .......................
One of the 4 major female Ashkenazi Jewish founder lineages is called the mt haplogroup of N1. 
                                                                               
Destruction by Romans of our 2nd Temple in 70 CE
Here they are having looted Solomon's Temple. Many Jews were  killed
and much of remainder  marched to Rome.  
 The founding of this population took place in the Rhine Basin and experienced a big growth in population there, possibly because of the mild climate and easy food production.  The Ashkenazi Jews-from the fleeing from Jerusalem's destruction in 70 CE and entering Europe in about 1,000 CE  had 25,000 population in about 1300 CE
In 1290, Jews were expulsed from England until 1655.By 1306 Jews were expulsed from France.
By 1355, 12,000 Jews were massacred by the mob in Toledo, Spain. 

 In the 300 years of living in Europe, about 12 generations had gone by.  Ten generations can produce 1,024 ancestors for one person; 512 females and 512 males.  I might remind the reader that since 1776, the birth of the USA, only 240 years have gone by.  Many Jews living in Europe had been brutally killed by the native population. 
Line-up of Jews in Europe in the Holocaust to be carried in
trains to death camps. Note the boy wearing the star of David.
All Jews had to do so.  

  By the 1900s, the 20th century, there were about 8,500,000 Ashkenazi Jews in Europe.  
There had been a lot of expulsions, pogroms and of course it was figured on the brink of WWII which killed 6 million Jews.  I dare say that by 1945, there were hardly any Jews left in Europe at all.  Those left alive must have been living in Great Britain, certainly not Germany or Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine, etc.
                                                   
Ann Curry, from Today show has mt haplogroup N99.
Born in 1956 in Guam, she was raised in Oregon among other places
and graduated from U of O in journalism.  Her mtdna comes from
her Japanese mother, so N did spread to other areas.  She's not Jewish.  

About half of all Ashkenazi Jews trace their mt haplogroup back to one of 4 women and N1 is one of them. 
 It is seldom found in a non-Ashkenazi population.  It does appear in 3% or higher in people from the Levant, Arabia and Egypt, where Jews have also lived.  Today, haplogroup N1 is the 2nd most common in Ashkenazi Jews and is shared by around 800,000 people.  I must say that  I have  found people matching my DNA to bear this mt haplogroup, though many testing have not tested for their own haplogroup. I have matches of N1b and N1b2.   N1b is one of the 4 haplogroups Ashkenazi Jews have as a clan ancestor.  

N1 was not a beginning mt haplogroup.  It grew out of the more ancient line of L1 to L2 to L3 to N and then to N1, so let's look at our very ancient heritage.  Humans are said to have originated in Africa.  This must be the Garden of Eden.  It was during the Middle Stone Age about 200,000 years ago.  Not until 50,000 to 70,000 years ago with the onset of the Late Stone Age (Paleolithic) that signs of modern human behavior emerge.  Eve was of the Late Stone Age.  Her children moved around Africa and split into 2 groups.  The older group is L0.  The younger group was L1 who left Africa and populated the rest of the world.  L0 stayed in Africa.  L3 were born and kept moving northward, leaving Africa.  10% of the Middle Eastern population are made of them and they caused 2 important haplogroups that went onto populate the rest of the world.  L3 gave rise to M-- 60,000 years ago. and is considered an Asian lineage.  It is found in high frequencies eat of the Arabian Peninsula.  None are in the Levant of the Middle East like Lebanon.  They are 15% of the population around the southern Arabian Peninsula. They are also prevalent
 among people in the southern parts of Pakistan and NW India making up about 30- 60 50% of the mt gene pool.

They were the first women of SW Asia.  N's early members lived in the eastern Meditterranean region and western Asia, living among other hominids like the Neandertals. 

Today, descendants of N who had headed west are prevalent in Turkey and the eastern Mediterranean.  They are found farther east in parts of central Asia and the Indus Valley of Pakistan and India.  Some headed north out of the Levant across the Caucasus Mountains and have remained in SE Europe and the Balkans.  They went on to populate the rest of Europe, and today are the most frequent mt lineage found there.
                                                                   
My aunt Elsie, with W haplogroup
mother born in Lazdijai, Suwalki, Lithuania/Poland
My own paternal grandmother was a W haplogroup as found in female descendants of her.  W branches off of N. They migrated into Europe from the Middle East.  Those who still live in the Middle East today have more divergent lineages than those found in northern Europe because of the Jews' ability to find other Jewish mates. It shows that those still living in the Middle East were there for a long period of time and have accumulated more mutations.  Early members of this haplogroup W likely moved north across the Caucasus mountains during the Middle Upper Paleolithic Era.  The  Aurignacian culture is also associated with W members.  This means that they had significant innovations in tool manufacture and invention.  Their people began using a broader set of tool types, such as end-scrapers for preparing animal skins and tools for woodworking.  They used stone like everyone else but then used bone, ivory, antler and shells to make tools.  Jewelry shows status, and is in this culture as well.  they had bracelets and pendants made of shells, teeth, ivory and carved bone.  This shows the beginnings of a more complex social organization.

Haplogroup K constitutes 3 of the 4 major Ashkenazi Jewish founder lineages. The 4 women would have lived in Europe from c.1,000-1,300 CE onward.  It has nothing to do with Sarah, Leah, Rebecca and Rachel, our 4 matriarchs. 

 K has N as an ancestor.  She is a branch off of R that is N's branch.  K has a lot of genetic diversity but probably lived about 20,000 years ago and her descendants have been parents of several different subgroups.  They harbor specific European, northern Africa and Indian components and are found in Arabia, the northern Caucasus Mountains and throughout the Middle East.Many of my matches are K.  Most moved northward out of the Middle East.  They crossed the rugged Caucasus Mountains in southern Russia and moved onto the steppes of the Black Sea.  I have matches of K1a, K, and K1a1b1a depending on the extent of their tests.
                                                                       

Haplogroup J is also one of Eve's children that only women can pass onto her children, following the line from L1 to L2 to L3 to N to R and then to J. The confusing aspect is that the males also have a haplogroup J which is their Cohen gene.  Our female J lived sometime around 40,000-45,000  years ago.  It has a very wide distribution and is present as far east as the Indus Valley bordering India and Pakistan and as far south as the Arabian Peninsula, and is also common in eastern and northern Europe.  It's found a great deal in the Neolithic expansions.  It was 10,000 years ago in 8,000 BCE that there was a group of modern-type humans living in the Fertile Crescent area of today's Turkey and northern Syria who began domesticating plants, nuts and seeds they had collected.  This era is the Neolithic.  As they migrated out of the Middle East, they brought their new technology with them.  Genetic evidence indicates that the high incidence in Lebanon, and Arabia with 25% of Bedouin and Yemeni, and more reflective of a low population sizes than  the occurrence of a founder event in this region actually being the site of the origin.  It is common in the Middle East, Europe, Caucasus, North Africa and among Jews.  J2 is more localized in the Mediterranean regions.

H makes up almost half of Europe in the mt haplogroup, but only a few are really carried by Jewish women.  H73 and HV1b2 are two matching my family.   HV have been found all around the Red Sea and widely throughout the Near East.  The highest number have been from  Arabia.   It also descends from R and is sometimes referred to as R0.   They live in high frequencies in the Anatolian/Caucasus region and in Iran.   Others have moved north across the Caucasus Mountains and went across Anatolia, carried on into Europe this way by the Cro-Magnon.
                                                                         
75% of these well known Jews probably are carrying the mt haplogroup of K. 
Jews only make up 2% of the American population and 0.02% of the world population.
They make up about 14 million of the world population that has 7.5 billion in 2016.  . 
About half of all Ashkenazi Jews trace their mitochondrial lineage back to one of these 4 women.  K's are found at a smaller frequency in non-Ashkenazi Jews, but are seldom found in other populations.  It's virtually absent in Europeans.  It appears at frequencies of  3% or higher in groups from the Levant, Arabia and Egypt.  This shows a strong founder event of Ashkenazis which happened in the Middle East.  It is currently shared by more than 3 million people.
                                                         ________________________________                  
As for Jewish men, the Y haplogroup traces Adam's descendants from Abraham onward.  E1b1b1a , E2855, E-M34 and E-L117  are among popular Jewish E haplogroups.  Albert Einstein was one.  An ancient E was Ramesses III, 2nd pharoah of Egypt.  E came along in NE Africa 30,000 to 40,000 years ago.  About 50,000 years ago, a group of humans called the Middle Eastern Clan came from a man with marker M89 and left the continent.  They headed north and settled in the Middle East.  Why aren't all Jewish men J's?  Remember, Moses left with the family of Jacob's 12 tribes and OTHERS.

Some others are G and I.  G may have originated along the eastern edge of the Middle East or in India or Pakistan 30,000 years ago and has spread out into central Asia, Europe and the Middle East.  7% of Ashkenazis carry this haplogroup.  The G2 branch has the P15 mutation found in the Caucasus, Balkans, Italy and the Middle East.  Since the Romans were into Egypt, it's not uncommon to find this. Some common G branches are G-M201 and G-M377.

Haplogroup I has some traces in the Middle East, which is  probably  the source of their origin.

Jacob came from Isaac  and Isaac was the son of Abraham by Sarah, along with Ishmael, son of Hagar the Egyptian princess.  Their descendants carried the J (Cohen) gene of Abraham.  DNA figures that the patriarch of haplogroup J was born  around 15,000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent that includes Israel, Judea and Samaria, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and Iraq.   I have found in our historic references that Abraham was born in Ur (Iraq) in about the 2nd millennium BCE or about 4,000 years ago, so it would be his deep ancestor born in about 13,000 BCE  who  would be the reference for J's creation.

Today J with marker M304 is the highest in the Middle East, North Africa and Ethiopia.  In Europe, it is seen only in the Mediterranean region.  Both haplogroup J and its subgroup or branch of J2 are found at a combined frequency of around 30% among Jewish individuals.  (Deep Ancestry ). I found men I match  carrying J-M267; J-P58; J-M172 J-Y23457; .  While the majority of haplogroup J is not of Jewish people, the majority of Jewish men fall into the J hapogroup.  This is where the Cohen Modal Haplotype was found.  This is because Ishmael was the father of the Arab people carrying J, and they have not been decimated to the point that the Jewish people have been.  Ishmael went to the other people to find a wife and home, as his father, Abraham had to lead his mother and him away due to jealousy and aggressive behaviors.  He populated the land easily.  Isaac, on the other hand, had a limited source for a spouse, being the family, but did manage to produce Jacob who had his 12 sons.  Dinah, the one sister of the 12 brothers,  almost started a war since an outsider wanted her for a wife, and her brothers, enraged, attacked these people.  They took children and carrying on their culture most seriously.
                                                                 
Grandfather Nathan Abraham Goldfus/Goldfoot b: 1872 Telsiai, Lithuania,
carrying Q1b1a; now tagged as QBZ67. He spoke only Yiddish, though
left at 21 for England, then Dublin, Ireland, Quebec and finally into Council, Idaho.
He died at about age 40 in Portland, Oregon.  
Q's happen to be my father's Y haplogroup.  We are 5% of the Jewish population.  Our origins started in Siberia, Mongolia and parts of Turkey some 15,000 to 20,000 years ago.  They migrated through northern Eurasia and our branch settled in and around Abraham's Ur of today's Iraq.  It took a long time to get there by the 2nd millennium.  They weren't in any hurry, following game and the weather for the most part, and then running into social situations causing wars.  Some other branches of Q's became the native people of North and South America, so in a way we're related to native Americans who had migrated through northern Eurasia into the Americas.  Our line wound up in Telsiai, Lithuania in the 1700's at least, though Lithuania was the new home for many Jews by the 1300s.  A charter was written up allowing their presence from 1320 to 1432 though Jews had started to enter in the 8th century.  I found Goldfus in Telsiai and even in Papile, a small shtetl.

R1a1a has been found to be a branch of Levites, one of the 12 tribes of Jacob from son Levi.  It was from the Levites that that Aaron was asked to be the high priest, the start of the Cohen genes of J1.  They originate from  the branches of M168 to M89 to M9 to M45 to M207 to M173 to M17.    Their ancestor was born about 10,000 to 15,000 years ago in present-day Ukraine or southern Russia.  His descendants were nomadic. and carried their genes as far away as to India and Iceland.  they were the 1st to domesticate the horse., and may have spread the Indo-European languages.  40% of the men in the Czech Republic to the steppes to Siberia are descendants.  The M17 marker is found in only 5-10% of Middle Eastern men., even in Iranian populations.  This marker could easily identify Jews as they were carried to Persia (Iran) by the Assyrians through Babylon, and onto Persia.
                                                             
Ashkenazi Jews with high I Qs.
Average IQ for Europeans is 100, but for Jews is from 112 to 115.
This fact is interesting for genetic researchers because Ashkenazi Jews are over-represented in high positions in society for the size of their ethic group, while other Jewish ethnic groups are not.  More than 25% of all Nobel Prizes, including Albert Einstein, have been won by Ashkenazi Jews, and over 50% of chess world champions are Ashkenazi Jews.In general, IQ in America has been rising at a rate of over .3 points per year.  Proof of increasing IQ, however, is becoming more difficult to find…
         The majority of my DNA matches are Cohens bearing the Cohen gene of J1.  We Ashkenazis were forced to live in Europe, but that was not our origin.  Now we have finally, after 2,000 of waiting, been able to return home to our Israel.

Resource:  Deep Ancestry-inside the Genographic Project by National Geographic by Spencer Wells-2007
http://jewishfactsfromportland.blogspot.com/2010/01/what-haplogroup-we-be.html
http://www.eupedia.com/genetics/famous_y-dna_by_haplogroup.shtml
http://jewishfactsfromportland.blogspot.com/2014/06/how-cohen-gene-of-j1-is-being-found-in.html
http://jewishfactsfromportland.blogspot.com/2009/09/jewish-womens-dna.html
http://jewishfactsfromportland.blogspot.com/2011/10/where-were-our-jewish-ancestors-13800.html
http://jewishfactsfromportland.blogspot.com/2013/05/what-genetics-tells-us-about-our.html
http://jewishfactsfromportland.blogspot.com/2012/05/dna-study-of-jews-covers-3000-year.html
http://jewishfactsfromportland.blogspot.com/2011/10/where-were-our-jewish-ancestors-13800.html
http://www.seeker.com/first-neanderthal-human-love-child-from-israel-1769467646.html
https://www.familytreedna.com/public/nmtdna
http://www.biography.com/people/ann-curry-224907
https://www.google.com/search?
https://whatisgenetic.com/tag/ashkenazi-jews/
Update: https://www.familytreedna.com/learn/y-dna-testing/y-str/we-all-go-back-africa/